Navigation Links
Researchers question evaluation methods for protected areas in the Amazon
Date:3/26/2013

The indicators currently being used to guide policy and investments into protected areas in the Amazon may not be having the desired effect.

This is according to a new study published today, 27 March, in IOP Publishing's journal Environmental Research Letters, which has analysed 66 protected areas in the Brazilian Amazon and performed a critical analysis of the tool the Rapid Assessment and Prioritisation of Protected Area Management (RAPPAM) that is used to manage, prioritise and assess the effectiveness of conservation efforts in these areas.

The researchers, from the Amazon Institute of People and the Environment (IMAZON) and the University of Michigan, found no strong associations between the successful avoidance of deforestation and RAPPAM scores that indicate an increased conservation effort, such as budget, staff, equipment and management plans.

"There are two possible explanations for our results: either the RAPPAM does not measure things correctly and the scores do not adequately reflect the status of these management aspects or the RAPPAM is measuring things that are not important for successfully conserving protected areas," said co-author of the study Christoph Nolte.

The RAPPAM, developed by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), aims, among other things, to "help develop and prioritize appropriate policy interventions and follow-up steps to improve protected area management" and has been deployed in more than 2000 protected areas in more than 50 countries on five continents.

The RAPPAM issues questionnaires to managers of protected areas who are asked to rank 90 qualitative statements on a four-point scale based on how well the statement applies to their protected area site.

In their study, the researchers considered 152 protected areas in the Brazilian Amazon. For each protected area, they selected forest parcels outside the protected area that were similar to forest parcels inside the protected area and used satellite imagery to calculate the deforestation rate that was occurring on them.

They used this deforestation rate to estimate how much deforestation would have occurred in each protected area had it not been protected. Protected areas were then grouped according to the success rate of countering the deforestation pressure they faced. The RAPPAM scores for each group were then compared to each other.

The researchers did find one indicator from the RAPPAM that did have a strong association with avoiding deforestation: the absence of land tenure conflicts. When there was no unsettled land tenure dispute, the success at avoiding deforestation was higher.

This suggests that land tenure conflicts may be such an important factor in shaping deforestation success that it overshadows the potential importance of other factors.

Furthermore, it highlights the need for the Brazilian government to rapidly solve conflicts in order to conserve protected areas.

"The government has to act promptly," said co-author of the study Paulo Barreto from IMAZON. "They must evict illegal occupants, compensate any occupants who have legal rights, and re-draw boundaries when occupants have inalienable land rights. If conflicts are not solved, new occupations may occur, which will significantly hinder the effort to protect the land."


'/>"/>
Contact: Michael Bishop
michael.bishop@iop.org
01-179-301-032
Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Study by UC Santa Barbara researchers suggests that bacteria communicate by touch
2. UC Santa Barbara researchers discover genetic link between visual pathways of hydras and humans
3. Researchers attempt to solve problems of antibiotic resistance and bee deaths in one
4. UNH researchers find African farmers need better climate change data to improve farming practices
5. Ottawa researchers to lead world-first clinical trial of stem cell therapy for septic shock
6. Researchers uncover molecular pathway through which common yeast becomes fungal pathogen
7. Researchers print live cells with a standard inkjet printer
8. Columbia Engineering and Penn researchers increase speed of single-molecule measurements
9. Researchers reveal how a single gene mutation leads to uncontrolled obesity
10. Researchers discover novel therapy for Crohns disease
11. New paper by Notre Dame researchers describes method for cleaning up nuclear waste
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/22/2017)... , Feb. 22, 2017 With the ... ABI Research identifies four technologies that innovative and ... secure significant share in the changing competitive landscape: ... passive authentication.   "Companies can no ... to security," says Dimitrios Pavlakis , Industry ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... , February 21, 2017 Der ... US-Dollar wachsen. Nach einem Gespräch mit mehr als 50 Vertretern ... Hindernisse zu überwinden gilt, um diese Prognose zu realisieren. ... ... die Mobilisierung der finanziellen Mittel für die Biobank, die ...
(Date:2/14/2017)... -- Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center today announced Julie Ann Freischlag, ... (CEO). Freischlag joins the medical center on May 1 ... who last year announced that he would transition to ... it since 2008.   As CEO, Freischlag ... academic health system, which includes Wake Forest School of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017  GlobeImmune, Inc. today ... for the sale of 12,835,490 shares of its common ...  ecosystem of companies. In connection with the sale of its ... in cash and issue to GlobeImmune 200,000 shares, an ... "We are pleased to enter into ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Kineta, Inc., a biotechnology ... therapies in immuno-oncology, today announced the discovery and ... compounds that activate interferon response factor 3 (IRF3) ... immune-mediated tumor regression in a murine colon carcinoma ... demonstrated complete tumor regression to initial drug treatment ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017  Agriculture technology company Cool ... financing and note conversion to commercialize its Cool Terra ... focused on developing products that are simultaneously profitable as ... in the last 18 months. This latest round of ... Venture Partners. The company,s primary product, ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: REGN), today announced a major research ... GSK to generate genetic sequence data from the 500,000 volunteer ... researchers to gain valuable insights to support advances in the ... and life threatening diseases. ... Genetic evidence has revolutionized scientific discovery ...
Breaking Biology Technology: