Navigation Links
Researchers find Clostridium difficile is more common than MRSA in southeast community hospitals
Date:3/21/2010

Atlanta, Ga. (March 22, 2010)-- Researchers studying epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in community hospitals in the southeast U.S. found that rates of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) surpassed infection rates for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Scientists also discovered that healthcare-associated CDI, which is a bacterium that causes diarrhea and more serious intestinal conditions such as colitis, occurs more often (21 percent) than healthcare-associated infections due to MRSA. In addition, healthcare-associated CDI occurs approximately as often as healthcare-associated bloodstream infections and combined device-related infections.

"Despite the amount of attention given to MRSA, our study shows that CDI has emerged as the leading healthcare-associated infection in our network of hospitals," said Becky Miller, MD, Duke Infection Control Outreach Network, Duke University. "In addition, our study likely underestimates the true scope of the problem since we did not include cases of community-onset healthcare-associated CDI."

This is the first large study to use patient level surveillance data (i.e. numerators and denominators) to compare the rates of healthcare-associated CDI and MRSA. The study was presented today at the Fifth Decennial International Conference on Healthcare-Associated Infections. Previous studies were based on estimates using hospital ICD-9-CM discharge diagnosis codes.

Dr. Miller and her colleagues studied 30 community hospitals in the Southeastern United States which are members of the Duke Infection Control Outreach Network (DICON). Over the 18-month period, which included more than 2 million patient days, researchers compared 607 cases of CDI and 508 cases of infections due to MRSA.

To better understand and identify infection trends, researchers also examined 949 other cases of HAIs. They found bloodstream infections occurred in 481 patients on general hospital wards and device-related infections occurred in 468 patients in intensive care units (ICU). ICU device-related infections included 197 catheter-associated urinary tract infections, 102 ventilator-associated pneumonias and 182 catheter-associated bloodstream infections.

"These findings are a reminder that prevention priorities must include the prevention of CDI", said Dr. Denise Cardo, director of CDC's Division of Healthcare Quality and Promotion. "CDI is an important cause of healthcare-associated infections and deserves attention."

Dr. Miller noted that additional epidemiologic studies are needed to determine whether prescribing practices, geographic differences, hospital characteristics, or other factors affected infection rates found in this study.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sharon Reis
sreis@gymr.com
202-745-5103
Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Einstein researchers discover 2 new ways to kill TB
2. USC researchers identify key mechanism that guides cells to form heart tissue
3. Frogs, foam and fuel: University of Cincinnati researchers convert solar energy to sugars
4. U-M researchers solve a molecular mystery in muscle
5. Researchers introducing sustainable agriculture practices to improve food security
6. Carnegie Mellon researchers seek to control blood loss
7. Researchers characterize stem cell function
8. Penn researchers identify immune cells that fight parasites may promote allergies and asthma
9. VAI researchers develop tool to help study prostate cancer
10. Researchers examine plants ability to identify, block invading bacteria
11. Community involvement important in fight against childhood obesity, according to UTHealth researchers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/30/2017)... The research team of The Hong Kong ... identification by adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery and matching ... and accuracy for use in identification, crime investigation, immigration control, security ... ... A research team led by ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Controller General of Immigration from Maldives Mr. Mohamed Anwar and ... international IAIR Award for the most innovative high security ePassport and eGates  ... ... Maldives Immigration Controller General, Mr. Mohamed Anwar ... right) have received the IAIR award for the "Most innovative high security ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 21, 2017 ... Cloud used by retailers such as 1-800-Flowers and ... platform — Product Recommendations and Replenishment. Using Optimove,s machine ... more personalized product and replenishment recommendations to their ... also on predictions of customer intent drawn from ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... 2017 , ... NextSteps 2017, NetDimensions’ annual global user conference, ... May on the following dates: , ?    London, UK from May 10-11, ?    New Orleans, ... Performance Institute will be the opening keynote speaker at the NextSteps EMEA ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... 2017 , ... As part of the Stago EdVantage Virtual University ... DIC in order to illuminate this clinical problem for people unfamiliar with the topic. ... in a high degree of morbidity and mortality. DIC is a confusing disorder from ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... Providence -based biotechnology ... technology to an undisclosed global pharmaceutical company, for ... Tregitopes, pronounced T·rej·itopes, are a set of peptides ... Annie De Groot and EpiVax CIO ... autoimmune disease therapy, Tregitopes are capable of engaging regulatory ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... Leaders of ... of Quorum, will be featured in multiple sessions at this week’s Association of ... emerging trends to best practices in clinical research. , "We are excited to present ...
Breaking Biology Technology: