Navigation Links
Researchers discover new wintering grounds for humpback whales using sound
Date:3/8/2011

In the thick of whale season, researchers from Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) shed new light on the wintering grounds of the humpback whale. The primary breeding ground for the North Pacific was always thought to be the main Hawaiian Islands (MHI). However, a new study has shown that these grounds extend all the way throughout the Hawaiian Archipelago and into the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI), also known as Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (PMNM).

Humpback whales, an endangered species, were once on the brink of extinction due to commercial whaling practices of the last century. Today, thanks to international protection, their numbers have dramatically increased, resulting in a greater presence of these singing mammals during the winter months. Song is produced by male humpback whales during the winter breeding season. All males on a wintering ground sing roughly the same song any given year, but the song changes from year to year. No one is exactly sure why the whales sing but some researchers believe it could be a display to other males. Between 8,500 and 10,000 whales migrate to Hawai'i each winter; while the rest of the population can be found in places like Taiwan, the Philippines, the Mariana Islands, Baja California, Mexico, amongst other Pacific locations (Calambokidis et al. 2008).

Over the past three decades, population recovery has resulted in a steady increase in the number of whales and a geographic expansion of their distribution in the MHI. Until recently, however, no empirical evidence existed that this expansion included the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. This changed recently when scientists from HIMB and NOAA published their findings in the current issue of the journal Marine Ecology Progress Series, detailing the presence of humpback whale song in the Northwestern Hawaiian Archipelago. These researchers deployed instruments known as Ecological Acoustic Recorders (EARs) in both the NWHI and MHI to record the occurrence of humpback whale song, as an indicator of winter breeding activity. Humpback whale song was found to be prevalent throughout the NWHI and demonstrated trends very similar to those observed in the MHI.

Dr. Marc Lammers, a researcher at HIMB and the lead scientist of the project explains "these findings are exciting because they force us to re-evaluate what we know about humpback whale migration and the importance of the NWHI to the population." The results are also of particular relevance in light of recent suggestions that an undocumented wintering area for humpback whales exists somewhere in the central North Pacific. Dr. Lammers and his colleagues believe that the NWHI could be that area.


'/>"/>

Contact: Carlie Wiener
cwiener@hawaii.edu
647-296-0491
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Berkeley Lab researchers illuminate laminins role in cancer formation
2. Researchers discover new shapes of microcompartments
3. Researchers find possible new treatment strategies for pancreatic cancer
4. Scripps oceanography researchers discover arctic blooms occurring earlier
5. Nature study: Jefferson researchers unravel proteins elusive role in embryo and disease development
6. York U researchers uncovering how ovarian cancer resists chemotherapy
7. Researchers predict age of T cells to improve cancer treatment
8. Researchers looking at a rare disease make breakthrough that could benefit everyone
9. Researchers develop curious snapshot of powerful retinal pigment and its partners
10. 20 researchers selected as 2011 Leopold Leadership Fellows
11. Researchers from Hebrew U., US discover how mercury gets into fish we eat
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/17/2016)... it has just released a new white paper authored by Zettar that covers the ... transfer storage solutions. Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161116/440463 ... ... ... Setting up a high performance computing or HPC system can be a complicated endeavor ...
(Date:11/14/2016)... CLARA, Calif. , Nov. 14, 2016 ... the biometric identification market, Frost & Sullivan ... Frost & Sullivan Award for Visionary Innovation ... player in the biometric identification market by ... multi-modal verification solution for instant, seamless, and ...
(Date:6/21/2016)... 21, 2016 NuData Security announced today that ... of principal product architect and that Jon ... customer development. Both will report directly to ... moves reflect NuData,s strategic growth in its product ... customer demand and customer focus values. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... , ... December 01, 2016 , ... ... tube systems for North American hospitals, will present its chain-of-custody solution for tracking ... Exhibition in Las Vegas, Nev., Dec. 4-8, 2016. , Aerocom has a proven ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... and biotechnology companies dedicated to collaboratively developing improved chemistry, manufacturing and control ... vendor-supported, portable online UHPLC, with robust, probe-based sampling. , Online liquid ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... BEI ... Coil Actuator with a flexure design that ensures high alignment accuracy by preventing ... and is ideally suited where extreme precision is required, such as in medical ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , Nov. 30, 2016  The Allen ... Cell Collection: the first publicly available collection of ... cells that target key cellular structures with unprecedented ... Research, these powerful tools are a crucial first ... to better understand what makes human cells healthy ...
Breaking Biology Technology: