Navigation Links
Researchers develop rapid method to measure carbon footprints
Date:9/13/2012

Researchers have developed new software that can rapidly calculate the carbon footprints of thousands of products simultaneously, a process that up to now has been time consuming and expensive. The methodology should help companies to accurately label products, and to design ways to reduce their environmental impacts, said Christoph Meinrenken, the project's leader and associate research scientist at Columbia University's Earth Institute and Columbia Engineering. A new study, published online in the Journal of Industrial Ecology, describes the methodology.

The project is the result of a collaboration between the institute's Lenfest Center for Sustainable Energy and PepsiCo, Inc. Its original aim was to evaluate and help standardize PepsiCo's calculations ofthe amount of carbon dioxide emitted when a product is made, packaged, distributed and disposed of. Started in 2007, it resulted in the first U.S. carbon footprint label certified by an impartial third party, for Tropicana orange juice. PepsiCo has been pilot-testing the methodology for other uses since 2011.

Meinrenken and his team used a life-cycle-analysis database--a tool used to assess the environmental impact of a product--that covered 1,137 PepsiCo products. They then developed three new techniques that work together, enabling them to calculate thousands of footprints within minutes, with minimal user input. The key component was a model that generates estimated emission factors for materials, eliminating manual mapping of a product's ingredients and packaging materials. Meinrenken said the automatically generated factors enable non-experts "to calculate approximate carbon footprints and alleviate resource constraints for companies embarking on large-scale product carbon footprinting." He said the software complies with guidelines sponsored by the nonprofit World Resources Institute, which provides standards against which carbon footprints can be audited.

Up unti
'/>"/>

Contact: Kevin Krajick
kkrajick@ei.columbia.edu
212-854-9729
The Earth Institute at Columbia University
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers reveal a chemo-resistant cancer stem cell as cancers Achilles heel
2. Researchers use banker plants to help battle whitefly pests
3. Researchers find first evidence for a genetic cause for Barretts oesophagus
4. CIRM funds 6 UC San Diego stem cell researchers
5. Rice University researchers optimize photoluminescent probes to study DNA and more
6. Researchers identify biochemical functions for most of the human genome
7. NIH-funded researchers restore sense of smell in mice using genetic technique
8. UCLA researchers discover missing link between stem cells and immune system
9. Researchers develop new, less expensive nanolithography technique
10. BUSM researchers find potential key to halt progression, reverse damage from emphysema
11. Researchers launch new Rust-Tracker to monitor deadly wheat fungus in 27 nations
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers develop rapid method to measure carbon footprints
(Date:7/31/2014)... study (HPV-023; NCT00518336) shows the sustained efficacy, ... virus (HPV) vaccine Cervarix. Women vaccinated with ... more than nine years, and vaccine efficacy ... is the longest follow-up report for a ... for the full paper. , HPV ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... 100 percent of animal models against the highly infectious ... an intestinal disease that kills approximately 30,000 Americans annually. ... Infection and Immunity . , In the study, ... the purified toxins produced by C. difficile , ... laboratory model that mimics the human disease, after only ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... that the U.S. surgeon general issued a 101-page report ... State University published a paper breaking new ground on ... responds when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light. , ... the UV rays found in sunlight. This damage can ... diseases. , "Our paper advances foundational knowledge about ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Sustained efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety for GlaxoSmithKline's HPV vaccine 2Sustained efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety for GlaxoSmithKline's HPV vaccine 3C. difficile vaccine proves safe, 100 percent effective in animal models 2New paper describes how DNA avoids damage from UV light 2New paper describes how DNA avoids damage from UV light 3
... Hold the Key to Muscular Dystrophy , A mutation ... been known to be associated with muscular dystrophy, but ... unknown. Lorenzo Puri, M.D., Ph.D. and colleagues have discovered ... amount of the histone deacetylase enzyme, HDAC2. Increased HDAC2 ...
... ever wondered why it seems like the littlest things make ... a spilled glass of water can lead to a fist ... three words to explain why people may be evolutionarily inclined ... sex. Although hostility or belligerent acts might not immediately ...
... long known that dinosaurs had tiny brains, but they had ... new study by Ohio University researchers Lawrence Witmer and Ryan ... heads than expected. By using CT scans, the scientists were ... show a clearer picture of the physiology of the airways. ...
Cached Biology News:The Burnham buzz 2U of Minnesota researcher finds link between aggression, status and sex 2CT scans reveal that dinosaurs were airheads 2CT scans reveal that dinosaurs were airheads 3
(Date:7/31/2014)... 2014 Nearly 20,000 medical professionals and healthcare ... & Clinical Lab Expo in Chicago ... in diagnostic research and technology that will advance medicine ... As of Wednesday, July 30, more than 19,500 attendees ... Clinical Lab Expo, with more than 10,000 of these ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... the sound-processing part of the mouse brain in a ... trees in view. Their imaging technique allows zooming in ... and it enabled the team to watch brain cells ... results, which represent a step toward better understanding how ... the journal Neuron . , In the past, ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... , July 31, 2014 Rogne Bioscience, a ... Bay Area , has acquired a licence to ... commercialisation company. The potent anti-inflammatory activity of the peptides ... the University of Oxford,s Sir William Dunn School ... has raised over $1.5 million in seed financing, is ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... July 31, 2014 Research and Markets ... Genomics Market 2014-2018" report to their offering. ... is the study of the genetic material or genomes ... strong basis for the discovery and development of diagnostic ... or health conditions. Genomics is supported by three major ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Research on Digital Health, Alzheimer's, Ebola Draws Nearly 20,000 Attendees to 2014 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo 2Research on Digital Health, Alzheimer's, Ebola Draws Nearly 20,000 Attendees to 2014 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo 3New mapping approach lets scientists zoom in and out as the brain processes sound 2Oxford licenses anti-inflammatory peptides to San Francisco Bay Area start-up 2Oxford licenses anti-inflammatory peptides to San Francisco Bay Area start-up 3Global Genomics Market 2014-2018: Key Vendors are F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Life Technologies, Qiagen and Illumina 2
... Biosciences,Corporation (Nasdaq: MATK ) today announced that ... Wilmington, Delaware, has ruled on various,post-trial motions and ... the defendants in the patent infringement suit brought ... Nutrition Specialties &,Food Ingredients GmbH. The suit involves ...
... Nov. 1 ThermoGenesis,Corp. (Nasdaq: KOOL ), a ... store, and administer therapeutic doses of,adult stem cells for ... financial results for the fiscal first quarter ended September,30, ... Call and Webcast Management will host a conference ...
... technical feasibility of ... ... TSX symbol: SBS, CALGARY, Nov. 1 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - ... for metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, today announced its,2007 third quarter operational ...
Cached Biology Technology:Martek to Obtain Permanent Injunction Against Lonza in U.S. Patent Infringement Suit; Jury Verdict on Infringement of Two of Three Patents Upheld by Judge 2Martek to Obtain Permanent Injunction Against Lonza in U.S. Patent Infringement Suit; Jury Verdict on Infringement of Two of Three Patents Upheld by Judge 3ThermoGenesis Corp. to Announce First Quarter Fiscal 2008 Results on November 8, 2007 2ThermoGenesis Corp. to Announce First Quarter Fiscal 2008 Results on November 8, 2007 3SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 2SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 3SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 4SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 5SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 6SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 7SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 8SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 9SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 10SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 11SemBioSys announces 2007 third quarter results 12
Contains 100 positive controls for effective screening of HDAC inhibitors by fluorometric method....
Homo sapiens jumping translocation breakpoint...
RABBIT ANTI HUMAN TRRAP (CT) Immunogen: Recombinant C-terminal kinase-related domain of human TRRAP....
Edited by D. Rickwood, T.C. Ford and J.T. Steensgaard (1994) Compiles core data required by researchers carrying out any centrifugal separation, whether working with cells, organelles or macromolec...
Biology Products: