Navigation Links
Researchers develop new ultrasensitive assay to detect most poisonous substance known
Date:5/1/2008

DUARTE, Calif. -- Scientists at City of Hope and the California Department of Public Health have developed a new ultrasensitive assay to detect botulinum neurotoxin. The toxin is one of the most poisonous substances known that can cause life-threatening disease, and is considered a major potential bioterrorism threat agent. The research teams work is published today in the online journal PLoS ONE (http://www.plosone.org/doi/pone.0002041).

Botulinum neurotoxin is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. When ingested, the toxin disables nerve function and can result in paralysis and even death. Botulism normally results when a person eats food tainted with C. botulinum bacteria or if a wound is infected by the bacterium. Infants, whose digestive systems are not yet fully developed, also are susceptible to the disease if the bacterium gains a foothold in their intestinal tract. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention identify botulinum neurotoxin as one of six maximum threat bioterrorism agents due to its potency, lethality and ease of production and transport. One gram of botulinum toxin could kill more than 1 million people, according to a 2001 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The new test is at least ten thousand times more sensitive and produces results much faster than the current detection method for botulinum neurotoxin, said Markus Kalkum, Ph.D., assistant professor, Division of Immunology, City of Hope, and lead researcher in the study. Wide use of the new assay would improve food safety and food processing technology, speed up and improve the diagnosis and treatment of human disease, advance the development of novel therapeutics, and greatly enhance the countrys ability to detect and defend against a bioterrorism attack.

The collaborative research team developed a test that is less expensive, faster and easier to perform than current testing options. They achieved this through the use of microscopic beads and special photochemicals that glow under ultraviolet light to achieve a heightened level of sensitivity. The microscopic beads are coated with antibodies to the botulinum neurotoxin and then mixed with the liquefied sample to be tested. The antibodies latch on to any botulinum neurotoxin molecules present in the solution and are then used to convert a special chemical into a fluorescent dye that glows in the dark when illuminated with blue or ultraviolet light. The new assay works well in liquid foods such as milk and carrot juice, and in blood serum.

The testing method has possible application in diagnosing other diseases. Researchers are investigating the potential use of antibodies for different diseases to expand the scope of the test.


'/>"/>

Contact: Shawn Le
sle@coh.org
800-888-5323
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. USC School of Dentistry researchers uncover link between osteoporosis drugs and jaw infection
2. UCLA stem cell researchers create heart and blood cells from reprogrammed skin cells
3. Researchers discover molecular basis of a form of muscular dystrophy
4. Sunflower debate ends in Mexico, researchers say
5. Carnegie Mellon researchers urge development of low carbon electricity
6. In computer models and observations, researchers see potential for significant red tide season
7. Montana State researchers study spread of lake trout in Glacier National Park
8. Medical College researchers find dinosaur clues in fat
9. Researchers discover gene for branchio-oculo-facial syndrome
10. Researchers reveal structure of protein that repairs damage to cancer cells
11. Purdue researchers propose way to incorporate deforestation into climate change treaty
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar 24, 2017 Research and Markets ... System Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" ... ... grow at a CAGR of around 15.1% over the next decade ... industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for all the ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Lithuania , March 21, 2017   ... and object recognition technologies, today announced the release ... kit (SDK), which provides improved facial recognition using ... cameras on a single computer. The new version ... to improve accuracy, and it utilizes a Graphing ...
(Date:3/20/2017)... HANOVER, Germany , March 20, 2017 At ... Hamburg -based biometrics manufacturer DERMALOG. The Chancellor came to the ... Japan is this year,s CeBIT partner country. At the largest ... important biometrics in use: fingerprint, face and iris recognition as well as ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2017)... Properties (NYSE: CUZ ) announced today that Amgen, ... 10-year, approximately 125,000 square-foot lease at Corporate Center, a 1,224,000 ... submarket of Tampa, FL. ... for their new location in Tampa ," ... of Cousins Properties. "Amgen is a cutting-edge global company at ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... The new research portal will give visitors quick ... Valero Energy , offering extensive market research on their ... ... The latest trend gaining momentum in ... even though touted as a green alternative to fossil fuels, ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... , March 27, 2017 Neurotrope, ... novel therapies for neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer,s disease, ... its application to list the Company,s common stock ... by The NASDAQ Stock Market, a unit of ... listing, Neurotrope will ring the Opening Bell at the ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... -- On Thursday, March 23, 2017, the ... 0.07%; the Dow Jones Industrial Average edged 0.02% lower, ... at 2,345.96, marginally dropping 0.11%. US markets saw a ... sectors finished in red, and 1 sector ended flat ... coverage on the following Biotechnology equities: BioDelivery Sciences International ...
Breaking Biology Technology: