Navigation Links
Researchers describe 4 new species of 'killer sponges' from the deep sea
Date:4/14/2014

MOSS LANDING, CA Killer sponges sound like creatures from a B-grade horror movie. In fact, they thrive in the lightless depths of the deep sea. Scientists first discovered that some sponges are carnivorous about 20 years ago. Since then only seven carnivorous species have been found in all of the northeastern Pacific. A new paper authored by MBARI marine biologist Lonny Lundsten and two Canadian researchers describes four new species of carnivorous sponges living on the deep seafloor, from the Pacific Northwest to Baja California.

A far cry from your basic kitchen sponge, these animals look more like bare twigs or small shrubs covered with tiny hairs. But the hairs consist of tightly packed bundles of microscopic hooks that trap small animals such as shrimp-like amphipods. Once an animal becomes trapped, it takes only a few hours for sponge cells to begin engulfing and digesting it. After several days, all that is left is an empty shell.

MBARI researchers videotaped the new sponges on the seafloor, then collected a few samples for taxonomic work and species-reference collections. Back in the lab, when they looked closely at the collected sponges, the scientists discovered, as Lundsten put it, "numerous crustacean prey in various states of decomposition."

Sponges are generally filter feeders, living off of bacteria and single-celled organisms sieved from the surrounding water. They contain specialized cells called choancytes, whose whip-like tails move continuously to create a flow of water which brings food to the sponge. However, most carnivorous sponges have no choancytes. As Lundsten explained, "To keep beating the whip-like tails of the choancytes takes a lot of energy. And food is hard to come by in the deep sea. So these sponges trap larger, more nutrient-dense organisms, like crustaceans, using beautiful and intricate microscopic hooks."

The spikiness of two these new sponges is reflected in the name of their ge
'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Fulton-Bennett
kfb@mbari.org
831-775-1835
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Study by UC Santa Barbara researchers suggests that bacteria communicate by touch
2. UC Santa Barbara researchers discover genetic link between visual pathways of hydras and humans
3. Researchers attempt to solve problems of antibiotic resistance and bee deaths in one
4. UNH researchers find African farmers need better climate change data to improve farming practices
5. Ottawa researchers to lead world-first clinical trial of stem cell therapy for septic shock
6. Researchers uncover molecular pathway through which common yeast becomes fungal pathogen
7. Researchers print live cells with a standard inkjet printer
8. Columbia Engineering and Penn researchers increase speed of single-molecule measurements
9. Researchers reveal how a single gene mutation leads to uncontrolled obesity
10. Researchers discover novel therapy for Crohns disease
11. New paper by Notre Dame researchers describes method for cleaning up nuclear waste
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers describe 4 new species of 'killer sponges' from the deep sea
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 13, 2015  Today, FreeWavz ( www.FreeWavz.com ... its crowdfunding campaign on Fundable, https://www.fundable.com/freewavz . ... of production capacity to meet customer demand. ... - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150113/168790 Invented ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... and POINT ROBERTS, Washington , January ... covering leading sectors including technology and tech stocks, releases video ... featuring master pickpocket and security consultant Apollo Robbins . ... and talks about the Wocket™ biometric smart wallet, a product ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 Infinisource has launched its new NXG series of ... G2 sets a higher standard for collecting attendance and labor ... With plug-and-play installation, touch screen interface and seamless connection to ... time collection solution for the small to mid-size employer. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):FreeWavz Launches on Fundable to Drive Speed-to-Market in 2015 2Apollo Robbins Talks about the Illusion of Personal Safety and How Easily Your Wallet is Stolen; If a Wocket Wallet is Stolen the Thief Can't do Anything With it! 2Apollo Robbins Talks about the Illusion of Personal Safety and How Easily Your Wallet is Stolen; If a Wocket Wallet is Stolen the Thief Can't do Anything With it! 3Infinisource's NXG series sets new time clock standard 2
... Md A fossil leaf fragment collected decades ago on ... North America,s oldest flowering plants, a 115- to 125-million-year-old species ... today,s bleeding hearts, poses a new question in the study ... evolve along with its distinctive pollen? Or did pollen come ...
... drinks high in caffeine and taurine had significantly increased heart ... today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of ... what effect these energy drinks have on the function of ... cardiovascular imaging section at the University of Bonn, Germany, which ...
... produced by MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ) could ... toxin. This "nanosponge vaccine" enabled the immune systems of ... toxin from MRSAboth within the bloodstream and on the ... described the safety and efficacy of this nanosponge vaccine ...
Cached Biology News:Evolution, Civil War history entwine in plant fossil with a tragic past 2Evolution, Civil War history entwine in plant fossil with a tragic past 3Cardiac MRI reveals energy drinks alter heart function 2'Nanosponge vaccine' fights MRSA toxins 2'Nanosponge vaccine' fights MRSA toxins 3'Nanosponge vaccine' fights MRSA toxins 4
(Date:1/22/2015)... Jan. 22, 2015   Cypher Genomics, Inc., ... (NASDAQ: SQNM ), the leading molecular ... next generation noninvasive prenatal tests (NIPT). Through this ... called Mantis™, to advance analysis of clinically-relevant fetal ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015  Derma Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: DSCI ... wound care, announces that AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX®, amniotic ... to the Premier, Inc. Regenerative Skin Grafting contract ... AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX® product lines, which continue to ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... NEW YORK , Dec. 24, 2014 PlasmaTech ... care in critical areas, announced the closing of an underwritten ... to purchase up to an aggregate 3,500,000 shares of common ... $.01 per warrant.  The warrants have a per share exercise ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 23, 2014 “Preparative & Process ... Flash), Consumables (Columns, Solvents, Buffers, Valves, Guages, Seals), ... Agriculture) - Forecasts to 2019” provides a detailed ... current market trends, and strategies impacting the preparative ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 2Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 3Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 2Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 3Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 5PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 2Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 4
... Biosystems, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: WGBS), a leading ... that Christopher Sears, Ph.D. has joined the company,s ... focused on designing and commercializing novel molecular diagnostics ... the development of computational biology systems for several ...
... ... safety specialty firm BioSoteria announced that its Vice President of eLearning ... credential from the American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) Certification ... communications and health care training experience and is responsible for the ...
... ... November 19 and is of interest to anyone working in continuous flow chemistry processing, will ... scale flow chemistry equipment. Professor Ley,s work of over 670 publications has been recognized ... ...
Cached Biology Technology:WaferGen Names Christopher Sears, Ph.D., Architect of High-Value Molecular Diagnostics and Computational Biology Platforms, to Company's Scientific Advisory Board 2WaferGen Names Christopher Sears, Ph.D., Architect of High-Value Molecular Diagnostics and Computational Biology Platforms, to Company's Scientific Advisory Board 3WaferGen Names Christopher Sears, Ph.D., Architect of High-Value Molecular Diagnostics and Computational Biology Platforms, to Company's Scientific Advisory Board 4BioSoteria eLearning Executive Michelle Nolin Flewell Earns Certification 2BioSoteria eLearning Executive Michelle Nolin Flewell Earns Certification 3BioSoteria eLearning Executive Michelle Nolin Flewell Earns Certification 4Professor Steven Ley of University of Cambridge will Present Free Webinar, 'Application of the ReactIR Flow Cell to Continuous Processing Technology' 2Professor Steven Ley of University of Cambridge will Present Free Webinar, 'Application of the ReactIR Flow Cell to Continuous Processing Technology' 3
Whole blood is collected from mice (Swiss Webster, 8-10 weeks old,either sex) and processed within 45 minutes of collection. The complement is then filtered and pooled on ice, bottled and stored at -...
Whole blood is collected from healthy guinea pigs of either sex from US source which are free of visible diseases at time of blood collection. Hemolytic titer: CH50 = 435 units...
Luminometers...
cDNA Size Fractionation Columns offer an efficient and convenient method for size-fractioning double-stranded cDNA....
Biology Products: