Navigation Links
Researchers boost production of biofuel that could replace gasoline
Date:8/19/2009

COLUMBUS, Ohio -- Engineers at Ohio State University have found a way to double the production of the biofuel butanol, which might someday replace gasoline in automobiles.

The process improves on the conventional method for brewing butanol in a bacterial fermentation tank.

Normally, bacteria could only produce a certain amount of butanol -- perhaps 15 grams of the chemical for every liter of water in the tank -- before the tank would become too toxic for the bacteria to survive, explained Shang-Tian Yang, professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at Ohio State.

Yang and his colleagues developed a mutant strain of the bacterium Clostridium beijerinckii in a bioreactor containing bundles of polyester fibers. In that environment, the mutant bacteria produced up to 30 grams of butanol per liter.

The researchers reported their results at the American Chemical Society meeting Wednesday in Washington, DC.

Right now, butanol is mainly used as a solvent, or in industrial processes that make other chemicals. But experts believe that this form of alcohol holds potential as a biofuel.

Once developed as a fuel, butanol could potentially be used in conventional automobiles in place of gasoline, while producing more energy than another alternative fuel, ethanol.

Yang said that this use of his patented fibrous-bed bioreactor would ultimately save money.

"Today, the recovery and purification of butanol account for about 40 percent of the total production cost," explained Yang, "Because we are able to create butanol at higher concentrations, we believe we can lower those recovery and purification costs and make biofuel production more economical."

Currently, a gallon of butanol costs approximately $3.00 -- a little more than the current price for a gallon of gasoline.

The engineers are applying for a patent on the mutant bacterium and the butanol production methodology, and will work with industry to develop the technology.


'/>"/>

Contact: Shang-Tian Yang
Yang.15@osu.edu
614-292-6611
Ohio State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Researchers identify proteins involved in new neurodegenerative syndrome
2. Texas researchers and educators head for Antarctica
3. MGH researchers describe new way to identify, evolve novel enzymes
4. University of Pennsylvania researchers develop formula to gauge risk of disease clusters
5. U of MN researchers discover noninvasive diagnostic tool for brain diseases
6. U of Minnesota researchers discover noninvasive diagnostic tool for brain diseases
7. Researchers discover new strategies for antibiotic resistance
8. Researchers find new taste in fruit flies: carbonated water
9. Binghamton University researchers investigate evolving malaria resistance
10. UIC researchers find promising new targets for antibiotics
11. Researchers develop simple method to create natural drug products
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... ... Today CJ BIO announced the first in a series of Food Ingredient ... that is revolutionizing ingredient mixes, nutritional content and flavor profiles across a range of ... 2020 at11:00 AM (CDT) during SHIFT20, the virtual edition of the IFT Annual Meeting ...
(Date:7/2/2020)... ... July 01, 2020 , ... AltruBio Inc. http://www.altrubio.com ... a biologic for the treatment of steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (SR-aGVHD), at European ... J Martin of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, this single-arm, open-label Phase ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... ... July 01, 2020 , ... Catalent, ... the purchase of Teva-Takeda Pharmaceuticals’ packaging facility in Minakuchi, located in the Shiga ... supply facility located in Kakegawa, the new 60,000-square-foot facility will provide customers with ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2020)... SHREWSBURY, Mass. (PRWEB) , ... July 29, 2020 ... ... clad wire that can combine up to three different materials for use with ... can combine up to three materials to meet specific design requirements, performance, and ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... , ... July 30, 2020 ... ... cloud-based software for the life sciences industry, today announced the release of ... designed specifically for Medical Science Liaisons (MSLs) and other field medical professionals. ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... DAYTON, Ohio (PRWEB) , ... July 16, 2020 ... ... clinical data solutions to aid in the early detection and prevention of high-burden ... partnership to enable US-based hospitals and healthcare organizations to utilize existing data in ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... KONG (PRWEB) , ... July 09, 2020 , ... ... compound called 1-phenyl-2-thiourea (PTU) is commonly used to suppress pigment formation in zebrafish ... the PolyU research team led by Dr MA has been using the zebrafish ...
Breaking Biology Technology: