Navigation Links
Researchers at Cruces Hospital describe new syndrome of slight family intellectual disability
Date:9/26/2011

The financial contributions made some years ago by individuals and public administration bodies in the telemarathon solidarity events on the Basque Public Broadcasting Corporation (EiTB) and subsequently channelled through the Basque Foundation for Health Innovation and Research (BIOEF), has resulted in undertaking successful innovative research at the Cruces Hospital near Bilbao in the Basque province of Bizkaia, describing a new syndrome of limited family intellectual disability.

The team led by geneticist Isabel Tejada described for the first time to the world that the duplication of the RPS6KA3 gene produces a limited intellectual disability in asymptomatic mothers who are carriers. This gene is found on the X chromosome, and one that has made the genetics laboratory at the Bizkaian hospital a reference at an international level. The complete research was published in the scientific journal Paediatrics.

This discovery turns out to be especially relevant because, although the genetic causes of serious intellectual disability has a wealth of research literature, "in cases of slight or limited intellectual disability, the genetic causes are only known in a small percentage of cases", pointed out Ms Tejada, in charge of the Molecular Genetics Laboratory at the Cruces Hospital and the research leader.

The research was initiated when a mother attended a neuropaediatric clinic with a child who had psychomotor retardation which he had had since the first year of life, "although without any facial dysmorphia or associated anomalies", and was referred to the genetics laboratory for case study. The patient had two maternal uncles who also had psychomotor impairment and who had been unable to complete primary school education, although they lived self-sufficiently.

"A karyotype or chromosomal X-fragile syndrome and a molecular study" were carried out on the patient. But, in the absence of a positive result being registered for these tests and with a family history, the scientists decided to continue the research.

At this point the exploration of other genes on the X chromosome became necessary, a task which was able to be carried out thanks to two research projects initiated by the Basque Foundation for Health Innovation and Research, employing the income obtained from the telemarathon solidarity events of the Basque Public Broadcasting Corporation some years ago and which was channelled into research into limited intellectual disability and rare diseases.

The team led by Isabel Tejada then decided to apply a technique known as CNV (copy number variants), "observing deletions and duplications of the genome not visible with the microscope". To this end, "we used a a technique known as MLPA (Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification) involving a number of probes or fragments of the genome we wished to analyse, given that there had been three known similar cases with the common factor of maternal inheritance. To our surprise we spotted a duplication of a very small region, hitherto undescribed, and which contained 7 genes of which only one - the RPS6KA3 is related to mental retardation", pointed out the geneticist.

Nevertheless, mutations in this gene produce another type of syndrome which was not the case in this patient. "This fact made us think that we had something novel in front of us and that, as happens with other syndromes, the duplication of the gene or genes produces a pathological effect opposite to and/or different from isolated deletions or mutations, given that it is not the deficiency of one or various proteins, but their over-expression, that produces the pathological effect".

Finally, the hypothesis was tested "with other, complementary tests, such as CGH (comparative genomic hybridisation) arrays and studies of messenger RNA and protein expression".


'/>"/>

Contact: Oihane Lakar
o.lakar@elhuyar.com
0034-943-363-040
Elhuyar Fundazioa
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. UCLA researchers develop system that finds prostate cancer spread earlier than conventional imaging
2. Joslin researchers identify pathways leading to activation of good fat
3. Kansas researchers find enriched infant formulas benefit brain and heart
4. Researchers sequence dark matter of life
5. Researchers discover a switch that controls stem cell pluripotency
6. MU researchers unveil new method for detecting lung cancer in Nature article
7. Notre Dame researchers demonstrate antibiotic sensing event central to MSRA antibiotic resistance
8. Researchers uncover a potential new benefit of pure maple syrup on liver health
9. EPA grants help Wayne State researchers stave off Great Lakes environmental invaders
10. UTHealth, BCM researchers find common gene variant associated with aortic dissection
11. Researchers find high levels of toxic PCBs in Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/21/2016)... , June 21, 2016 NuData ... the new role of principal product architect and ... the director of customer development. Both will report ... technical officer. The moves reflect NuData,s strategic growth ... response to high customer demand and customer focus ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... 2016 Paris Police Prefecture ... security solution to ensure the safety of people and operations ... the major tournament Teleste, an international technology group ... announced today that its video security solution will be utilised ... up public safety across the country. The system roll-out is ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... 2016 Perimeter Surveillance & Detection ... Physical Infrastructure, Support & Other Service  The ... offers comprehensive analysis of the global Border Security ... revenues of $17.98 billion in 2016. Now: ... leader in software and hardware technologies for advanced video ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... -- Liquid Biotech USA , Inc. ... Research Agreement with The University of Pennsylvania ("PENN") ... patients.  The funding will be used to assess ... outcomes in cancer patients undergoing a variety of ... to support the design of a therapeutic, decision-making ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... While the majority of commercial spectrophotometers and fluorometers use the z-dimension ... are higher end machines that use the more unconventional z-dimension of 20mm. Z-dimension ... bottom of the cuvette holder. , FireflySci has developed several Agilent flow cell ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016   Boston ... of novel compounds designed to target cancer stemness ... has been granted Orphan Drug Designation from the ... treatment of gastric cancer, including gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) ... inhibitor designed to inhibit cancer stemness pathways by ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Lawrence, MA (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2016 ... ... the Peel Plate® YM (Yeast and Mold) microbial test has received AOAC Research ... test platform of microbial tests introduced last year,” stated Bob Salter, Vice President ...
Breaking Biology Technology: