Navigation Links
Researchers Able to Identify that Benign Tumors from Use of Oral Contraceptive Have a Greater Chance of Becoming Malignant
Date:11/3/2013

WASHINGTON, Nov. 3, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Although very rare, the use of oral contraceptive can lead to benign tumors in the liver. The tumors, known as hepatocellular adenomas, can become malignant. It is, however, difficult for physicians to assess the risk of these tumors becoming malignant.

The study's researchers examined and classified data from 250 patients with hepatocellular adenomas. They examined classical adenomas (223), borderline lesions between adenomas and carcinomas (18), and carcinomas (9). The data was examined using whole exome sequencing, CGH-SNP analyses, and methylome analyses.

Researchers were able to identify the genetic determinants of malignant transformation as well as the key factors at stages of the transformation. "Our work reported for the first time a molecular mechanism of malignant transformation of hepatocellular adenomas to carcinomas," lead researcher, Camilla Pilati, PhD, said, "Surprisingly, we were able to identify the chronology of the genetic defects that accumulate in hepatocytes to promote their malignant transformation. In this line, we identified genetic alteration that acts at early and late steps of the malignant transformation process, in the accumulation of early genetic alteration at the origin of the malignant transformation of the hepatocytes."

Two genes with somatic mutations -- one in the early stages and one in the later stages -- were identified in the malignant transformation. Mutations of beta-catenin are associated with many forms of cancer, and beta-catenin activation and TERT promoter mutations in the early and later stages, respectively, were identified in the malignancy process. In addition, the researchers were able to identify factors that determined adenomas that were not at a high risk of becoming carcinoma.

"This work provided new insights about the major genetic determinants of malignant transformation and their timeframe accumulation during the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. At the clinical level, we believe that these results open new avenues for personalized medicine in hepatocellular adenomas," said Dr. Pilati.

"The aim of this classification is the identification of new biomarkers useful for a more precise diagnosis and that could be used as therapeutic targets. This is clearly an important step to develop a more personalized medicine with, for example, the selection of patients with high risk of malignant transformation that require a specific follow-up and more radical treatment," Dr. Pilati concluded. "Identification of CTNNB1 and TERT promoter mutation as key genetic determinants of malignant transformation in HCA will be useful to propose tailored treatment in these subtypes of patients.

Abstract title:

Integrative genomic profiling of hepatocellular adenomas identify mutational processes involved in malignant transformation.

AASLD is the leading medical organization for advancing the science and practice of hepatology. Founded by physicians in 1950, AASLD's vision is to prevent and cure liver diseases. This year's Liver Meeting®, held in Washington, November 2-5, will bring together more than 9,000 researchers from 55 countries.

A pressroom will be available from November 1 at the annual meeting. For copies of abstracts and press releases, or to arrange researcher interviews, contact Gregory Bologna at 703-299-9766.

Press releases and all abstracts are available online at www.aasld.org.

Media Contact: Gregory Bologna
703/299-9766  
gbologna@aasld.org
Press Room: November 1 – 5, 2013
Walter E. Washington Convention Center, Washington, DC
Telephone: 202-249-4092

Researcher: Camilla Pilati, PhD
Email: campilati@gmail.com
Phone: 0033 1 53725193

This release was issued through The Xpress Press News Service, merging e-mail and satellite distribution technologies to reach business analysts and media outlets worldwide. For more information, visit http://www.XpressPress.com.


'/>"/>
SOURCE American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD)
Copyright©2012 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related biology news :

1. Children of lower socioeconomic status grow up more susceptible to catching colds, Carnegie Mellon researchers find
2. University of Louisville researchers sign global licensing agreement
3. BUSM researchers study epigenetic mechanisms of tumor metastasis for improved cancer therapy
4. Researchers quantify toxic ocean conditions during major extinction 93.9 million years ago
5. Researchers discover how cancer invisibility cloak works
6. Oregon researchers say supplement cuts muscle loss in knee replacements
7. BUSM researchers identify molecule that could aid lung cancer detection, treatment
8. Researchers identify gene variant that raises risk for colorectal cancer from eating processed meat
9. Researchers show how plants tell the time
10. Berkeley Lab researchers get a detailed look at a DNA repair protein in action
11. Researchers capture images of open channel that moves proteins across cell membranes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/21/2016)... , March 22, 2016 ... recognition with passcodes for superior security   ... a leading provider of secure digital communications services, today ... biometric technology and offer enterprise customers, particularly those in ... facial recognition and voice authentication within a mobile app, ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... 2016 --> --> ... Market Research "Digital Door Lock Systems Market - Global Industry ... the global digital door lock systems market in terms of ... is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 31.8% during ... medium enterprises (MSMEs) across the world and high industrial activity ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... 2016 http://www.apimages.com ) - ... - Renvoi : image disponible via AP Images ... --> DERMALOG, le leader de ... lecteurs d,empreintes digitales pour l,enregistrement des réfugiés en ... pour produire des cartes d,identité aux réfugiés. DERMALOG ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... WARSAW, Ind. , May 23, 2016 Zimmer ... in musculoskeletal healthcare, today announced that its Board of Directors ... stockholders for the second quarter of 2016. ... on or about July 29, 2016 to stockholders of record ... Future declarations of dividends are subject to approval of the ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2016 , ... ... building management solutions and services based in Aurora, Ohio, has broken ground on ... business in the Research Triangle Park area, this new location solidifies a commitment ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... The leading Regenerative Veterinary Medicine Company, ... clients have treated over 100 of their own patients with the VetStem Cell Therapy. ... level of care for their patients. , The veterinarians are Dr Ross Rich ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... The recent recall by Costco and ... Food Safety News on May 12, 2016(1), demonstrates the need for faster and more ... Baltimore-based biotech firm, PathSensors, Inc. , PathSensor’s latest solution uses a ...
Breaking Biology Technology: