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Research team finds first evolutionary branching for bilateral animals
Date:9/23/2009

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] When it comes to understanding a critical junction in animal evolution, some short, simple flatworms have been a real thorn in scientists' sides. Specialists have jousted over the proper taxonomic placement of a group of worms called Acoelomorpha. This collection of worms, which comprises roughly 350 species, is part of a much larger group called bilateral animals, organisms that have symmetrical body forms, including humans, insects and worms. The question about acoelomorpha, was: Where do they fit in?

To scientists, acoelomorpha, has been enigmatic, a "rogue animal," said Casey Dunn, an evolutionary biologist at Brown University. "It has been wandering throughout the animal tree of life."

The worm wanders no more. Through a laborious genetic sequencing analysis, Dunn and an international team of scientists have settled the long-standing debate and determined that acoelomorpha belongs as a sister clade to other bilateral animals. The finding is significant, Dunn said, because it shows the worm is a product of the deepest split within the bilateral animals, the first evolutionary divergence within the group. Because of that, scientists have gained a key insight into the most recent common ancestor to bilaterians, a species that remains unknown.

The worm is "as distant as an animal can be in bilateria and still be a bilaterian," said Dunn, assistant professor of biology. "So, now we have two perspectives to (find out about) this common ancestor, the acoelomorphs and all the other bilateral animals."

The results appear online this week in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

The team, composed of 17 scientists from the United States, France Germany, Sweden, Spain and the United Kingdom, had two more interesting findings:

  • The debate appears to be over for Xenoturbella, a type of marine worm whose ancestral affiliation had been tossed betw
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Contact: Richard Lewis
Richard_Lewis@Brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University
Source:Eurekalert  

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