Navigation Links
Research targets 'holy grail' of catalysis
Date:1/14/2014

Lars Grabow has been given a $750,000 grant to solve a multi-billion dollar problem.

Methane, the main component of natural gas, is cheap and plentiful, thanks in large part to hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. Ideally, it could be converted into rarer and far more valuable chemicals like methanol, ethane or ethylene, all of which have dozens of uses, many involving the creation of plastics and polymers.

Easier said than done.

This research falls under the umbrella of catalysis, which uses one material to initiate or speed up a chemical reaction that changes other substances.

"For more than 30 years, people have tried to do this chemistry," said Grabow, an assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering with the University of Houston Cullen College of Engineering. "It's the Holy Grail of catalysisIf you could invent a catalyst that selectively converts methane into ethylene, you'd be a billionaire right there."

In addition to the economic value of such a discovery, Grabow said, Holy Grail status is conferred by the methane molecule's strong carbon-hydrogen bonds and its unique shape. It is perfectly symmetrical, consisting of one carbon atom surrounded by four hydrogen atoms.

This symmetry means there's no obvious way to split a single hydrogen atom from methane, the first step in converting the gas into a new chemical. In fact, this split can only be carried out at very high temperatures. At these temperatures, the remaining methyl radical (one carbon with three hydrogens) detaches from the surface of the catalyst and simply burns off. As a result the methane is entirely wasted.

The key to solving this problem, Grabow believes, is finding the oxidizing agent essentially a molecule that can accept electrons from another molecule that is the most effective at reacting with and separating hydrogen atoms from methane molecules.

"We want to understand what role the oxidizing ag
'/>"/>

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Study by UC Santa Barbara researchers suggests that bacteria communicate by touch
2. Research reveals first evidence of hunting by prehistoric Ohioans
3. Diabetes Research Institute develops oxygen-generating biomaterial
4. APS issues new policy requiring identification of sex or gender in reporting scientific research
5. UC Santa Barbara researchers discover genetic link between visual pathways of hydras and humans
6. Study jointly led by UCSB researcher supports theory of extraterrestrial impact
7. U of Alberta researcher steps closer to understand autoimmune diseases
8. Research on flavanols and procyanidins provides new insights into how these phytonutrients may positively impact human health
9. A project to research biological and chemical aspects of microalgae to fuel approach
10. Scripps Research discoveries lead to newly approved drug for infant respiratory distress syndrome
11. Researchers attempt to solve problems of antibiotic resistance and bee deaths in one
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2015)...   HOYOS Labs , a leading global authentication ... the Company will demonstrate multiple biometrics-based technologies under its ... Connect:ID on March 23 through 25, 2015, in ... the IEEE Biometric Open Protocol Standard; free biometrics-based consumer ... control system. BOPS was invented by HOYOS Labs and ...
(Date:3/23/2015)... Mar. 23, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ... the growing mobile commerce market, announces its biometric payment technology, ... on CNBC television starting March 30 th . ... in New York markets. ... are excited about our new ad campaign following the recent ...
(Date:3/20/2015)... Mar. 19, 2015 Research and Markets ( ... Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report" report to their ... Hand Geometry in US$ Thousands. The report provides separate comprehensive ... Japan , Europe , ... and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 2HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 3NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet to Launch New CNBC Regional TV Ad Campaign 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet to Launch New CNBC Regional TV Ad Campaign 3Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 2Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 3Hand Geometry - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: An Essential Security Component for both Government & Enterprise Sector 4
... devastated the Gulf of Mexico ecologically and economically. However, a ... the true impact of the disaster on wildlife may be ... the number of recovered animal carcasses will not give a ... believed. "The Deepwater oil spill was the largest in ...
... at Michigan State University has revealed a potential new way ... Howe, biochemistry and molecular biology professor, cites that this defense ... race between plants and herbivores. Howe, in the current ... Sciences, offers insights to understanding the chemical weaponry of ...
... being able to capture the "evanescent" light waves that ... far enough to be "seen" by a conventional lens. ... depending upon the form of light they capture, ... been made from elaborate artificial constructs known as metamaterials. ...
Cached Biology News:Whale and dolphin death toll during Deepwater disaster may have been greatly underestimated 2Whale and dolphin death toll during Deepwater disaster may have been greatly underestimated 3The way to (kill) a bug's heart is through its stomach 2Berkeley Lab researchers make first perovskite-based superlens for the infrared 2Berkeley Lab researchers make first perovskite-based superlens for the infrared 3Berkeley Lab researchers make first perovskite-based superlens for the infrared 4Berkeley Lab researchers make first perovskite-based superlens for the infrared 5
(Date:4/16/2015)... , April 16, 2015 /CNW/ - Bioenterprise Corporation is ... newest office in Charlottetown , PEI.  ... Prince Edward Island ADAPT Council for the commercialization of ... forward to working with PEI ADAPT.  They have been ... more than a decade," explains Dave Smardon , ...
(Date:4/16/2015)... , April 16, 2015  AnaptysBio, Inc., a ... therapeutic antibodies, today announced the advancement of ... into IND-enabling studies. The Company,s anti-IL-36R therapeutic ... for generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP), an orphan ... need. ANB019 is wholly owned within AnaptysBio,s proprietary ...
(Date:4/16/2015)...  EMD Serono today announced the US biopharmaceutical ... , appointed Alise Reicin , MD, ... Development.  Dr. Reicin brings extensive research and early/late ... Immunology. She is an accomplished pharmaceutical executive with ... President in various capacities across R&D at MSD ...
(Date:4/16/2015)... Fairleigh Dickinson University ( FDU ... become the Executive Director of the Rothman Institute ... kick-off of the Initiative for Patient Centered Innovation ... under the Rothman Institute of Innovation and Entrepreneurship ... collaboration with FDU’s School of Pharmacy’s Center for ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Bioenterprise Corporation Expands into the Maritimes 2AnaptysBio Advances First-In-Class Anti-IL-36 Receptor Antibody Program To Treat Orphan Inflammatory Disease 2Alise Reicin Joins the Biopharmaceutical Business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany as Head of Global Clinical Development 2Alise Reicin Joins the Biopharmaceutical Business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany as Head of Global Clinical Development 3Dr. Joseph V. Gulfo Named Executive Director of Fairleigh Dickinson University’s Rothman Institute to Spearhead New Initiative for Patient-Centered Innovation (iPCI) 2Dr. Joseph V. Gulfo Named Executive Director of Fairleigh Dickinson University’s Rothman Institute to Spearhead New Initiative for Patient-Centered Innovation (iPCI) 3
... Chilcott,Limited (Nasdaq: WCRX ) announced today that it ... the market opening on Friday,November 9, 2007. The ... audio webcast,on Friday, November 9, 2007 at 8:00 AM ... call, please dial (888) 503-8171 in the,United States and ...
... The Cervical Spine Now Available In ... ... Trinity,Clinic Neurosurgeon and Director of the Trinity Mother Frances Neuroscience,Institute is the ... that can provide some patients a chance to maintain,motion in their necks ...
... System delivers unmatched out-of-the-box functionality, BENSALEM, ... (Stelex), the market leader in providing enterprise-wide,compliance ... the,Quality Management System (QMS) module for Livelink ... provider of Enterprise Content,Management (ECM) software and ...
Cached Biology Technology:Video: Trinity Mother Frances Neurosurgeon Using New Disc System for Patients With Degenerative Diseases of the Neck 2Stelex Announce QMS Module for Open Text's Livelink ECM 2Stelex Announce QMS Module for Open Text's Livelink ECM 3
...
... White solid. PROTECT FROM LIGHT. PACKAGED ... compound that acts as a selective, ... PTP1B (IC 50 = 4 ... 403 and PTP1B 298 , ...
...
BD Falcon microtest assay plate. 1536 well 12l, black BD Optilux PS. Polystyrene, nonsterile, no lid (15/sp, 60/ca) Packaging: 15 / pack, 60 / case ...
Biology Products: