Navigation Links
Research charts the ecological impact of microbial respiration in the oxygen-starved ocean
Date:7/23/2014

A sulfur-oxidizing bacterial group called SUP05 will play an increasingly important role in carbon and nutrient cycling in the world's oceans as oxygen minimum zones expand, according to research published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

University of British Columbia researchers plumbed the depth of a seasonally anoxic fjord, Canada's Saanich Inlet, to chart how microbial community metabolism changes as oxygen minimum zones form.

"Our study paints a very detailed picture of how SUP05 a bacterial group related to gill symbionts of deep-sea clams and mussels dominates the microbial ecology of oxygen-starved regions of the water column," says UBC microbiologist and study author Steven Hallam.

"SUP05 breathes in nitrate and exhales nitrous oxide. This respiratory process drives carbon dioxide fixation and the removal of toxic hydrogen sulphide and closely couples the metabolic activities of SUP05 with other microorganisms involved in carbon, nitrogen and sulfur cycling."

Saanich Inlet, a fjord on Vancouver Island in British Columbia, undergoes seasonal cycles of stratification and deep-water renewal, creating strong water column gradients that make the Inlet a natural lab in which to study microbial communities that thrive under oxygen starved conditions. Hallam's team dissected the water column layer by layer using genomic and proteomic methods.

Dissolved oxygen concentration is a critical organizing principle in ocean environments. Over the past 50 years oxygen minimum zones have expanded due to climate change and increased waste run-off from farms and cities. At present eight per cent of the ocean is considered oxygen-starved. In some coastal areas extreme oxygen-starvation produces 'dead zones' that decimate marine fisheries and destroy food web structure.

Changes in microbial community metabolism associated with oxygen minimum zones alter the ocean's nutrient and energy flow patterns, also impacting the production and consumption of greenhouse gases.


'/>"/>
Contact: Chris Balma
balma@science.ubc.ca
604-822-5082
University of British Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Intestinal parasites are old friends, researchers argue
2. UNH NHAES researchers work to save endangered New England cottontail
3. Researchers create vaccine for dust-mite allergies
4. Cleveland Clinic researchers discover neuroprotective role of immune cell
5. Researchers provide guide to household water conservation
6. UCI researchers find epigenetic tie to neuropsychiatric disorders
7. International Space Station researcher guides aim to maximize science
8. Researchers simplify process to purify water using seed extracts
9. New research links bad diet to loss of smell
10. UM-led research team contributes to the management of South Florida coastal environments
11. BIOTEC researcher is one of the Highly Cited Researchers 2014
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/21/2016)... , June 21, 2016 NuData Security announced ... new role of principal product architect and that ... director of customer development. Both will report directly ... officer. The moves reflect NuData,s strategic growth in ... to high customer demand and customer focus values. ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... , June 9, 2016  Perkotek an innovation leader in attendance control systems is ... log work hours, for employers to make sure the right employees are actually signing ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160609/377486LOGO ... ... ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... The Department of Transport Management (DOTM) of ... Dollar project, for the , Supply and Delivery ... IT Infrastructure , to Decatur ... Identity Management Solutions. Numerous renowned international vendors participated in the ... was selected for the most compliant and innovative solution. The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016  Blueprint Bio, a company dedicated to identifying, ... community, has closed its Series A funding round, according ... "We have received a commitment from Forentis Fund ... to meet our current goals," stated Matthew Nunez ... to complete validation on the current projects in our ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... is exhibiting at the Pennsylvania Convention Center and will showcase its product’s latest ... ClinCapture will also be presenting a scientific poster on Disrupting Clinical Trials in ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 22, 2016  Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN ... QB3@953 life sciences incubator to accelerate the ... shared laboratory space at QB3@953 was created to help ... obstacle for many early stage organizations - access to ... sponsorship, Amgen launched two "Amgen Golden Ticket" awards, providing ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... , June 22, 2016 Research and Markets ... Markets" report to their offering. ... in 2014 from $29.3 billion in 2013. The market is expected ... 13.8% from 2015 to 2020, increasing from $50.6 billion in 2015 ... product forecasts during the forecast period (2015 to 2020) are discussed. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: