Navigation Links
Report seeks to integrate microbes into climate models
Date:2/14/2012

The models used to understand how Earth's climate works include thousands of different variables from many scientific including atmospherics, oceanography, seismology, geology, physics and chemistry, but few take into consideration the vast effect that microbes have on climate. Now, a new report from the American Academy of Microbiology, "Incorporating Microbial Processes into Climate Models", offers a plan for integrating the latest understanding of the science of microbiology into climate models.

"Climate scientists and microbiologists usually work in isolation from each other, and yet their work is intimately connected. Microbes are critical players in every geochemical cycle relevant to climate. The sum total of microbial activity is enormous, but the net effect of microbes on climate-relevant gases is currently not known," says Edward DeLong of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who co-chaired the report with Caroline Harwood of the University of Washington.

The past two decades have witnessed an explosion in scientific recognition of the diversity of the microbial world. New DNA-sequencing technologies spurred by the Human Genome Project have made it technically and economically possible to sequence the collective DNA from whole microbial communities. This approach, called metagenomics, has revealed a previously undreamed-of degree of diversity in the microbial world. These microbial community analyses many "'omics" approaches, such as proteomics and metabolomics, that together provide a detailed picture of community function, potential and change over time.

The report is based on a colloquium convened by the Academy in 2011. Experts in diverse disciplines in microbiology as well as computational and climate modeling participated in the meeting designed to identify specific efforts and activities that will lead to improved integration of microbial biology, biogeochemistry, and climate modeling.

"While the gap between these disciplines is daunting, the need to bridge it is urgent and the science and technology needed to begin to do so is within reach," says Harwood.

The report suggests a multipronged approach, breaking the challenge into manageable parts. The first recommendation is to choose a few specific biogeochemical cycles that are important, microbially driven and tractable to serve as demonstration projects. Specifically, the report identifies methane, carbon storage and nitrous oxide.

Other recommendations include:

  • Assess current data collection methodologies and develop a monitoring/data collection strategy
  • Implement validation processes to integrate data collection, modeling and experimentation
  • Facilitate and provide incentives for collaborations and interdisciplinary training
  • Address technology needs

"There is clear evidence that microbes can have an enormous impact on climate.. In light of the increasingly urgent need to understand and find ways to mitigate climate change, the centrality of microbes in global biogeochemical cycles, can no longer be ignored," says DeLong.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News reports on growing role of molecular diagnostics
2. Synaptics to Report First Quarter Results on October 23
3. GEN reports on novel tools for deciphering biological networks
4. Waste from gut bacteria helps host control weight, UT Southwestern researchers report
5. RSV may hide in the lungs, lead to asthma, UT Southwestern researchers report
6. Synaptics Reports Record Results for First Quarter of Fiscal 2009
7. Communication Intelligence Corporation Reports Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results
8. Orchid Cellmark Reports Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results
9. Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News reports on the trend toward predictive toxicogenomics
10. Marked improvement in body image, physical stamina, post-surgical pectus patients report
11. GEN reports growing focus on PI3-kinase pathway in cancer research
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/13/2016)... 2016 http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/7h6hnn/india_biometrics ... the  "India Biometrics Authentication & Identification ...  report to their offering.  ... the addition of the  "India Biometrics ... & Forecast (2015-2020)"  report to ...
(Date:1/8/2016)... MANCHESTER, United Kingdom , Jan. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... sensor-based diagnostic products, today announced the closing of a $9 ... investors.  Proceeds from the financing will be used to accelerate ... device for detecting early-stage pressure ulcers. ... after receiving CE Mark approval. The device,s introduction has been ...
(Date:1/7/2016)... 2016 Various factors have contributed to ... as biologics and biosimilars. Some of these factors ... growing demand for cost-effective alternatives, growing burden of ... similar versions of their corresponding patented biologic drugs, ... safety, and efficacy. The global biosimilars market is ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... , ... Bulk food product inspection systems are specifically designed ... the production process. Despite frequently inspecting loose product prior to packaging, product inspection ... sacks of dry powders. , Mettler-Toledo Product Inspection's brand-new white paper entitled "Improving ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... the development of future natural products for crop protection. In ... center in Israel and invests substantial ... has a variety of products adapted to regional needs, ... than 35 counties worldwide. ... Gold ® is used to control a broad spectrum ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... McLean, VA (PRWEB) , ... February 06, 2016 , ... ... enrichment session, cost-free, for middle and high school teachers on Wednesday February 10, 2016. ... be held at the Smithsonian-Mason School of Conservation, located at 1500 Remount Road in ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  In the pharmaceutical industry ... a host of launch activities including the identification and ... launch activity is especially high in the oncology therapeutic ... Best Practices and the Role of Medical Affairs in ... focused on oncology therapies find better ways to utilize ...
Breaking Biology Technology: