Navigation Links
Reducing emissions from shipping: Commission's Joint Research Centre sets out some options
Date:12/20/2010

shipping sector is a source of air pollution. Unless measures are taken, air pollution over the main shipping routes will increase due to an estimated 10-20% rise in sulphur dioxide emissions in the next two years. Marine fuel oil has a very high sulphur content which ranges from a global average of 27,000 ppm (parts per million) to 10,000 ppm in Sulphur Emission Control Areas (SECAs). However, with the new agreement in IMO ships in the Baltic and North Sea SECAS will have to use fuel with only 0.1% of Sulphur content by 2015, as is already the case in the EU ports due to EU legislation.

There is significant potential for abating emissions from the shipping sector. Technical solutions to reduce fuel consumption, air pollutants and greenhouse gases are readily available and range from better ship design, propulsion and machinery to optimised operation.

This new JRC Reference Report contributes to raising awareness of the environmental impacts, including on health, of world-wide shipping. It analyses the methodological issues raised within the scientific community about assessing the impacts of the maritime sector on the environment, and identifies shortcomings in reliable and comprehensive sources of information. A detailed assessment of the cost efficiency and abatement potential of each technological option described in the report is also provided.

However, to achieve significant improvements in the reduction of carbon emissions and air pollution, technological (fuel- and engine-related) solutions should be supplemented with other measures. Market-based options addressing both regional and global measures must also be investigated. The report analyses how the introduction of market-based policies, such as a GHG Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) for the shipping sector at international level, could be used.

In summary, this JRC Reference Report provides the first comprehensive framework in which to define a strategy to abate air e
'/>"/>

Contact: Elena Gonzalez Verdesoto
elena.gonzalez-verdesoto@ec.europa.eu
0032-498-986-482
European Commission Joint Research Centre
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Estrogen alone is effective for reducing breast cancer risk
2. UV light nearly doubles vacuums effectiveness in reducing carpet microbes
3. $1.5M grant funds research aimed at reducing strokes in children with sickle cell disease
4. Reducing gene-damaging impurities in medicines
5. Mother Nature to provide an environmentally friendly method for reducing mosquitoes
6. Reducing fossil energy use on the farm
7. Natural S-Equol suggested as critical component in SE5-OH for reducing menopausal hot flushes
8. Pennsylvania makes inroads into reducing child obesity
9. Hydrocooling shows promise for reducing strawberry weight loss, bruising
10. Researchers look at reducing yield loss for crops under stress
11. Orange corn holds promise for reducing blindness, child death
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/10/2014)... 2014 NXT-ID, Inc., (OTCQB: NXTD) a biometric authentication company focused ... Gino Pereira was interviewed on July 1 st ... Florida . Mr. Pereira discusses the company,s next generation ... and how the Wocket™ aims to replace a traditional wallet ... Cedric Harris tells Gino he has never heard of ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... DUBLIN , July 3, 2014 ... the addition of the "Global Gesture Recognition ... Market - Forecasts to 2020" report to ... Global Gesture Recognition & Touch-Less Sensing ... been around for a while, but the companies ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... According to a new market ... Systems Market Global Forecast, Market Share, Size, Growth and ... Control systems market was valued at USD 15,406.1 million ... CAGR of 12.6% from 2014 to 2019, to reach ... Browse the full Electronic Access Control Systems ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Security and Your Money: Tampa Bay Radio Host Cedric Harris Talks to NXT-ID CEO Mr. Gino Pereira about the Wocket Smart Wallet 2Security and Your Money: Tampa Bay Radio Host Cedric Harris Talks to NXT-ID CEO Mr. Gino Pereira about the Wocket Smart Wallet 3Security and Your Money: Tampa Bay Radio Host Cedric Harris Talks to NXT-ID CEO Mr. Gino Pereira about the Wocket Smart Wallet 4Global Gesture Recognition & Touch-Less Sensing (2D, 3D, Ultrasonic, IR, Capacitive) Market - Forecasts to 2020 2Electronic Access Control Systems Market is Expected to Reach USD 31.2 Billion Globally in 2019: Transparency Market Research 2Electronic Access Control Systems Market is Expected to Reach USD 31.2 Billion Globally in 2019: Transparency Market Research 3Electronic Access Control Systems Market is Expected to Reach USD 31.2 Billion Globally in 2019: Transparency Market Research 4Electronic Access Control Systems Market is Expected to Reach USD 31.2 Billion Globally in 2019: Transparency Market Research 5
... in German . (Jena/Germany) The human body ... in the nomad people of the Maasai in Kenya in Eastern ... Jena (Germany) analyzed the diet of a nomadic tribe in the ... the Maasai are in a good health status in spite of ...
... of scientists from the University of Montreal and Harvard ... associated with increased risk of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ... Pediatrics , the investigation found a connection between exposure ... The study focused on 1,139 children from the general ...
... the second oldest and the second-deepest lake in the ... Geologists led by Brown University have determined the east ... last century, and its surface waters are the warmest ... in the journal Nature Geoscience , because the ...
Cached Biology News:Nomad people baffle with good health in spite of malnourishment 2Brown geologists show unprecedented warming in Lake Tanganyika 2Brown geologists show unprecedented warming in Lake Tanganyika 3
(Date:7/11/2014)... July 11, 2014  Researchers have pioneered a ... The new technology, called Virtual Finger, allows scientists ... like neurons and synapses using the flat surface ... makes 3D imaging studies orders of magnitude more ... unprecedented level across many areas of experimental biology. ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... 2014 Deep Knowledge Ventures last ... on ‘Commercialising Longevity Research’ and welcomed a host ... London Bioscience Innovation Center for the event, organised ... Analytics Ltd. The meeting highlighted the need for ... for age-related disease, as well as the crucial ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Robert Harman, DVM, Founder and CEO of Vet-Stem, Inc., ... the relaunch of his highly informative blog, now named Stem ... What are Stem Cells ?” Dr. Harman’s purpose for ... the basics of stem cell therapy so that pet owners ... treatment when considering regenerative medicine. , A veterinarian by trade, ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... CROWN POINT, Ind. , July 10, ... recently expanded its use of capnography for ... a growing group of healthcare leaders in ... Capnography measures how effectively patients are breathing ... respiratory depression occurs. By measuring the amount ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Virtual Finger Enables Scientists To Navigate And Analyze 3D Images Of Complex Biological Structures 2Virtual Finger Enables Scientists To Navigate And Analyze 3D Images Of Complex Biological Structures 3DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 2DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 3DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 4DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 5DKV Sponsors Forum on Commercialising Longevity Research; Brings Together Scientists, Investors, Entrepreneurs and Celebrities 6Robert Harman, DVM Talks About What Stem Cells are in His Latest Blog Series for Vet-Stem, Inc. 2Robert Harman, DVM Talks About What Stem Cells are in His Latest Blog Series for Vet-Stem, Inc. 3Franciscan St. Anthony Health-Crown Point Underscores Patient Safety Commitment Through Expanded Use of Capnography 2
... Hands-On Exhibition Brings Big Focus to Microscopic World , ... Baltimore, MD ... exhibition, Cells: The Universe Inside Us, the Maryland Science Center takes the ... on the human body. The result is a 4,000 square foot exhibit ...
... and CEO of San Diego-based Bio-Matrix Scientific Group, Inc. ... discovery reported on Wednesday, March 25 by researchers at ... which has implications for Leukemia treatment and artificially culturing ... "storage" facilities that meet rigid state and federal regulatory ...
... INDIANAPOLIS, March 26 A coalition of Indiana,s ... and business joined today to launch Hoosiers Work ... importance of preserving medical innovation. Co-chairs, former ... the Pacers Sports & Entertainment Jim Morris, kicked ...
Cached Biology Technology:Cells Exhibition Opens at Maryland Science Center 2Cells Exhibition Opens at Maryland Science Center 3NIH News Confirms Trend in Stem Cell 'Storage' Facilities, says CEO of San Diego-based Bio-Matrix Scientific Group 2Hoosiers Work for Health Highlights Impact of Medical Research and Innovation on Indiana Economy 2Hoosiers Work for Health Highlights Impact of Medical Research and Innovation on Indiana Economy 3Hoosiers Work for Health Highlights Impact of Medical Research and Innovation on Indiana Economy 4
... membrane and filter paper sandwiches are composed ... two sheets of thick filter paper that ... filter paper sandwich. These 7 x 8.5 ... immunoblotting fit Ready Gel-sized gels and are ...
... inhibits protein synthesis. Acts by inhibiting ... Reported to induce apoptosis in a ... cells, Jurkat cells, ventricular myocytes, and ... and immediate early gene induction. Selective ...
... The RC DC protein assay kit I provides ... concentration in the presence of reducing agents and ... colorimetric assay. The kit includes reagents and standards ... reagent I, 250 ml RC reagent II, 250 ...
Recommended for use as a cell culture substratum at 0.1-0.2 mg/cm 2 or 5-10 μl/cm 2 . Optimal concentration depends on cell type as well as the application or research objectives. Type B...
Biology Products: