Navigation Links
Rare corals breed their way out of trouble
Date:10/21/2008

Rare corals may be smarter than we thought. Faced with a dire shortage of mates of their own kind, new research suggests they may be able to cross-breed with certain other coral species to breed themselves out of a one-way trip to extinction.

This finding, released by scientists at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, has raised hopes for the ability of the world's corals to withstand the rigors of changing climates and human impacts, says lead author Zoe Richards.

"Coral reefs worldwide face a variety of marine and land-based threats and hundreds of corals are now on the red list of threatened species. It is often assumed that rare coral species face higher risks of extinction than common species because they have very small effective population sizes, which implies that they may have limited genetic diversity and high levels of inbreeding and therefore be unable to adapt to changing conditions," Zoe says.

"When we studied some particularly rare species of Acropora (staghorn corals), which you might expect to be highly vulnerable to extinction, we found some of them were actually hybrids in other words they had cross-bred with other Acropora species. This breaks all the traditional rules about what a species is." By hybridising with other species, these rare corals draw on genetic variation in other species, increasing their own potential to adapt to changing conditions.

"At this stage how it came about and who the breeding partners are isn't entirely clear, but what is evident is that rare corals previously thought vulnerable to extinction may have more ability to adapt than initally expected" she explains.

Acropora are the main reef-builders throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and so of critical importance to the ability of reefs to cope with changing conditions. However, till now, very few clear cut examples of hybridisiation were known, and some people did not even accept that corals can cross-breed, Zoe says.

The common Acropora corals occur mainly on reef crests, flats and slopes, whereas several of the rare species occupy more marginal habitats, such as the deeper or extremely shallow water zones where the common species do not grow.

"When we looked at the genetic history of rare corals, we found that they exhibited unexpected patterns of genetic diversity. This suggests that, rather than being the dying remnants of once-common species, they may actually be coral pioneers pushing into new environments and developing new traits by virtue of the interbreeding that has enabled them to survive there.

"This is good news, to the extent that it suggests that corals may have evolved genetic strategies for survival in unusual niches and may prove tougher to exterminate than many people feared. With such tricks up their sleeve, it is even possible that the rare corals of today could become the common corals of the future."

Corresponding author Professor David Miller of CoECRS and James Cook University says the discovery is a refreshing piece of good news amid the frequently gloomy reportage about corals nowadays. "One would expect that rare corals would be especially at risk, but we've found that some appear to have developed mechanisms for coping with rarity," he says.

"Hybridising with another species actually makes a lot of genetic sense if you are rare and the next colony of your species may be hundreds of kilometres away. It suggests these creatures are far more resilient that we thought, based on what we know from the behavior of land animals."


'/>"/>

Contact: Zoe Richards
Zoe.Richards@jcu.edu.au
61-747-814-321
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. How corals adapt to day and night
2. Research expedition on corals and global warming: Aug. 17-26 in Puerto Rico
3. 1/3 of reef-building corals face extinction
4. New study shows shallow water corals evolved from deep sea ancestors
5. Everythings coming up corals
6. New study predicts where corals can thrive
7. Bikini corals recover from atomic blast
8. Stanford researchers say living corals thousands of years old hold clues to past climate changes
9. Starfish outbreak threatens corals
10. Immediate action needed to save corals from climate change
11. Wildlife Conservation Society study finds seasonal seas save corals with tough love
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... FREMONT, Calif. , Dec. 15, 2016   ... a publicly held genomics technology company, announced today that ... the Listing Qualifications Department of The Nasdaq Stock Market ... the closing bid price of WaferGen,s common stock had ... days.  Accordingly, WaferGen has regained compliance with Listing Rule ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... Dec. 15, 2016  There is much more to ... starting the engine. Continental will demonstrate the intelligence of ... Vegas . Through the combination of the keyless ... and biometric elements, the international technology company is opening ... and authentication. "The integration of biometric elements ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Market Research Future published a half cooked research report on Mobile ... Service Market is expected to grow over the CAGR of ~35% ... ... Mobile Biometric Security and Service Market is increasing at ... and security from unwanted cyber threats. The increasing use of mobile ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 19, 2017 , ... FireflySci Inc. is a go-getter type of company that ... accounted to two main factors. The first is the amazing customer service that ... FireflySci products all around the world. , 2016 was a tremendous sales year for ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017 BD (Becton, Dickinson and ... announced today that it will host a live webcast of its ... p.m. (ET). The webcast can be accessed from ... for replay through Tuesday, January 31, 2017. ... About BD BD is a ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... 2017   Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy (PPMD) , ... Duchenne muscular dystrophy (Duchenne) , today announced a $600,000 ... of Technology (NJIT) and Talem Technologies (Talem) as part ... to assist people living with Duchenne. PPMD is ... an embedded computer, software, a force sensor and a ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... MYOLYN, which creates medical technology ... a 510(k) to the FDA, requesting clearance of the MyoCycle Home and the ... technology. , The submission marks a major milestone for the technology startup. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: