Navigation Links
Rainbows without pigments offer new defense against fraud
Date:5/18/2011

Scientists from the University of Sheffield have developed pigment-free, intensely coloured polymer materials, which could provide new, anti-counterfeit devices on passports or banknotes due to their difficulty to copy.

The polymers do not use pigments but instead exhibit intense colour due to their structure, similar to the way nature creates colour for beetle shells and butterfly wings.

These colours were created by highly ordered polymer layers, which the researchers produced using block copoylmers (an alloy of two different polymers). By mixing block copolymers together, the researchers were able to create any colour in the rainbow from two non-coloured solutions.

This type of polymer then automatically organises itself into a layered structure, causing optical effects similar to opals. The colour also changes depending on the viewing angle. This system has huge advantage in terms of cost, processing and colour selection compared to existing systems.

The complexity of the chemistry involved in making the polymer means they are very difficult for fraudsters to copy, making them ideally suited for use on passports or banknotes.

The academics used Diamond Light Source, the UK's national synchrotron science facility in Oxfordshire, to probe the ordered, layered structures using high power X-rays. This helped them understand how the colours were formed, and how to improve the appearance.

Dr Andrew Parnell, from the University of Sheffield's Department of Physics and Astronomy, said: "Our aim was to mimic the wonderful and funky coloured patterns found in nature, such as Peacock feathers. We now have a painter's palette of colours that we can choose from using just two polymers to do this. We think that these materials have huge potential to be used commercially."

Professor Nick Terrill, Principal Beamline Scientist for I22, the Diamond laboratory used for the experiment, explained: "Small Angle X-ray Scattering is a simple technique that in this case has provided valuable confirmatory information. By using Diamond's X-rays to confirm the structure of the polymer, the group was able to identify the appropriate blends for the colours required, meaning they can now tailor the polymer composition accordingly."


'/>"/>

Contact: Shemina Davis
shemina.davis@sheffield.ac.uk
44-114-222-5339
University of Sheffield
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Fructose sets table for weight gain without warning
2. Disabling enzyme allows mice to gorge without becoming obese, new study finds
3. Crib-side studies help struggling newborns go home without feeding tubes
4. Sudden cardiac death without recognizable cause
5. New simulation shows consequences of a world without Earths natural sunscreen
6. Montana State grads work helps diagnose skin cancer without a biopsy
7. Nanofarming technology harvest biofuel oils without harming algae
8. Researchers create freestanding nanoparticle films without fillers
9. Molecular typesetting -- proofreading without a proofreader
10. Study finds DNA barcoding requires caution without closer examination
11. Reading the brain without poking it
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Rainbows without pigments offer new defense against fraud
(Date:12/15/2016)... 2016 "Increase in mobile transactions is driving ... biometrics market is expected to grow from USD 4.03 ... at a CAGR of 29.3% between 2016 and 2022. ... growing demand for smart devices, government initiatives, and increasing ... component is expected to grow at a high rate ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 Market Research Future published ... Market. The global Mobile Biometric Security and Service Market is expected ... to 2022. Market Highlights: ... , , Mobile Biometric ... due to the increasing need of authentication and security from unwanted ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... to a new market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market by Technology ... End User, And Region - Global Forecast to 2021", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... USD 36.07 Billion by 2021, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/21/2017)... Colo. , Jan. 20, 2017 ... or the "Company"), announced that on January 14, 2017 ... plan under which the Company will terminate certain employees ... Bioptix Diagnostics, Inc.  The Company commenced terminations on January ... within 30 days.  The Company may pay severance benefits ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... , Jan. 20, 2017 Ginkgo ... of Gen9, a pioneer in the synthesis and ... unique expertise in assembling pathway-length synthetic DNA into ... and capacity in the construction of new organism ... industries. "Gen9 was founded to significantly ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... HOUSTON , Jan. 19, 2017 ... announced the formation of its Medical/Clinical Advisory Board. ... industry veterans who enhance the range and depth ... development of its novel prenatal diagnostic tests.  These ... and strategic guidance for the company,s product development ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... GAITHERSBURG, Md. , Jan. 19, 2017 ... Inc., a privately-held immunotherapeutics company targeting infectious diseases, ... for the merger of PharmAthene and Altimmune in ... Venture Fund, HealthCap, Truffle Capital and Redmont Capital. ... diversified immunotherapeutics company with four clinical stage and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: