Rockville, Md., January 11, 2010 New standards to help ensure the quality and enhance the safety of key ingredients widely used in infant formulas and a variety of functional foods are being proposed for inclusion in the Food Chemicals Codex (FCC), an internationally recognized compendium of quality standards for food ingredients. The proposed standards are for three nucleotides, present in breast milk and commonly added to infant formula, and two docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) oils, essential omega 3 fatty acids present in fish and often added to both infant formula and a host of functional foods. The proposed standards are now available for public review and comment by industry and consumer representatives.
The standards will be incorporated into a future edition of the FCC, published by the U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention (USP), following a three-month period in which the scientific nonprofit organization will accept public comments on the proposals and consider any suggested modifications. FCC standards are voluntary industry standards that help ensure an ingredient's quality for consumers as well as for food manufacturers who purchase the ingredient for use in their products. Specifically, these quality standards are used to assess the identity, purity and impurities of an ingredientallowing purchasers to feel confident that it is reasonably free of harmful contaminants, is consistent from one batch to the next and is, in essence, what it claims to be, i.e, it has not been diluted with water or otherwise tampered with through the addition or substitution of other, less-expensive ingredients.
Nucleotides are present in higher doses in human milk than in cow-based infant formulasand are thus routinely added to infant formulas today. The three new nucleotide standards proposed for FCC inclusion are for Disodium 5'-Uridylate, 5'-Adenylic Acid and 5'-Cytidylic Acid. In addition to designating the identity, purity and impurities of the ingredients,
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