Navigation Links
'Psychopaths' have an impaired sense of smell
Date:9/20/2012

People with psychopathic tendencies have an impaired sense of smell, which points to inefficient processing in the front part of the brain. These findings by Mehmet Mahmut and Richard Stevenson, from Macquarie University in Australia, are published online in Springer's journal Chemosensory Perception.

Psychopathy is a broad term that covers a severe personality disorder characterized by callousness, manipulation, sensation-seeking and antisocial behaviors, traits which may also be found in otherwise healthy and functional people. Studies have shown that people with psychopathic traits have impaired functioning in the front part of the brain - the area largely responsible for functions such as planning, impulse control and acting in accordance with social norms. In addition, a dysfunction in these areas in the front part of the brain is linked to an impaired sense of smell.

Mahmut and Stevenson looked at whether a poor sense of smell was linked to higher levels of psychopathic tendencies, among 79 non-criminal adults living in the community. First they assessed the participants' olfactory ability as well as the sensitivity of their olfactory system. They also measured subjects' levels of psychopathy, looking at four measures: manipulation; callousness; erratic lifestyles; and criminal tendencies. They also noted how much or how little they emphasized with other people's feelings.

The researchers found that those individuals who scored highly on psychopathic traits were more likely to struggle to both identify smells and tell the difference between smells, even though they knew they were smelling something. These results show that brain areas controlling olfactory processes are less efficient in individuals with psychopathic tendencies.

The authors conclude: " Our findings provide support for the premise that deficits in the front part of the brain may be a characteristic of non-criminal psychopaths. Olfactory measures represent a potentially interesting marker for psychopathic traits, because performance expectancies are unclear in odor tests and may therefore be less susceptible to attempts to fake good or bad responses."


'/>"/>

Contact: Ann Koebler
ann.koebler@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Impaired recovery of Atlantic cod -- forage fish or other factors?
2. The nose knows: Gene therapy restores sense of smell in mice
3. NIH-funded researchers restore sense of smell in mice using genetic technique
4. Making sense out of the biological matrix of bipolar disorder
5. The magnetic sense
6. NUS-led research team discovers how bacteria sense salt stress
7. Manatee hearing good enough to sense approaching motorboats
8. A test of the senses in the search for a shoal mate
9. The birdy smell of a compatible partner
10. Cant smell anything? This discovery may give you hope
11. Smell the potassium
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... CHICAGO , March 29, 2017  higi, the ... ecosystem in North America , today ... Partners and the acquisition of EveryMove. The new investment ... extensive set of tools to transform population health activities ... and lifestyle data. higi collects and secures ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Controller General of Immigration from Maldives Mr. Mohamed Anwar and ... international IAIR Award for the most innovative high security ePassport and eGates  ... ... Maldives Immigration Controller General, Mr. Mohamed Anwar ... right) have received the IAIR award for the "Most innovative high security ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their ... The ... CAGR of around 8.8% over the next decade to reach approximately ... the market estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... The 2017 Colorado Manufacturing ... over 30 nominees and well as the first-year award for 2017 Manufacturing Women ... event was hosted by CompanyWeek and Manufacturers Edge, among other sponsors. , ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... and related applications were the focus of researchers, engineers, product developers, and industry ... in Anaheim. , Sponsored by SPIE, the international society for optics and ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Frederick ... a range of emerging technology-based businesses, recently earned a $77,518 grant from the ... , Founded in 2004, FITCI is Frederick’s first incubator. A non-profit corporation, FITCI ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... April 20, 2017  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: ... evaluating galcanezumab for the prevention of migraine at the ... take place April 22-28, 2017, in Boston ... abstracts at AAN, including safety and patient outcomes data ... with a reduction in monthly migraine headache days among ...
Breaking Biology Technology: