Navigation Links
Protecting US troops against sand flies
Date:11/19/2012

This release is available in Spanish.

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists are helping deployed American troops protect themselves against sand flies, which are major pests in Afghanistan, Africa and the Middle East.

Sand flies are vectors of Leishmania parasites that cause leishmaniasis, a devastating disease for which there is no vaccine or medication. People who are bitten by infected sand flies do not know whether they have the disease until it becomes apparent three or four months later. Symptoms include permanent skin disfigurement and sometimes severe organ damage.

At the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Knipling-Bushland U.S. Livestock Insects Research Laboratory in Kerrville, Texas, entomologists Andrew Li and Adalberto Prez de Len, along with their colleagues, are studying different methods to kill sand flies. Part of the research is funded by a USDA initiative called the Deployed War-Fighter Protection Research Program, designed to find methods to help protect military personnel against disease-causing insects.

The researchers are screening insecticides to find out which ones are more effective and useful to military personnel and other people affected by this pest. Li is also studying sand fly resistance to pesticides, and is developing a test for detecting the mutations responsible for resistance.

To evaluate new insecticides and repellents, researchers started a sand fly colony, which will also enable them to develop formulations and design diagnostic tools that can rapidly detect sand fly resistance to chemicals. This research is especially crucial for deployed military personnel. It was reported that in one incident, troops in Iraq were being bitten between 100 and 1,000 times per night by sand flies.

Finding solutions to control sand flies is also a priority of scientists at the ARS European Biological Control Laboratory in Thessaloniki, Greece, where they're taking a close look at sand fly populations that transmit leishmaniasis in their country. Results from this research could also help scientists initiate better strategies and develop new and improved tools to control sand flies.


'/>"/>
Contact: Sandra Avant
sandra.avant@ars.usda.gov
301-504-1654
United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Protecting living fossil trees
2. Penn biologists identify a key enzyme involved in protecting nerves from degeneration
3. Protecting your brain: Use it or lose it
4. Wild bees: Champions for food security and protecting our biodiversity
5. Protecting genes, one molecule at a time
6. Softening arteries, protecting the heart
7. UNH research adds to mounting evidence against popular pavement sealcoat
8. UC research: Tracking Lake Erie water snake in fight against invasive fish
9. Young researcher taking fight against global killer to the next level in Vietnam
10. AZM alternatives for apple growers against codling moth
11. Invisible helpers: How probiotic bacteria protect against inflammatory bowel diseases
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/14/2016)... , Allemagne, March 14, 2016 ... ) - --> - Renvoi : image ... --> --> ... biométriques, fournit de nouveaux lecteurs d,empreintes digitales pour ... de DERMALOG sera utilisé pour produire des cartes ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... 10, 2016   Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS ... (CBP) is testing its biometric identity solution at the ... to help identify certain non-U.S. citizens leaving the country. ... designed to help determine the efficiency and accuracy of using ... and will run until May 2016. --> ...
(Date:3/8/2016)... March 8, 2016   Valencell , the ... announced it has secured $11M in Series D ... a new venture fund being launched by UAE-based ... from existing investors TDF Ventures and WSJ Joshua ... continue its triple-digit growth and accelerate its pioneering ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... ... Doctors in Italy, Japan, the UK and the US have reached some surprising ... its link to malignant mesothelioma. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted the details of their ... , The studies analyzed for the new report included more than 3,447 cancer patients. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... NEW YORK , May 26, 2016 ... announced today that it will be a featured presenter at ... 2016 in New York City at ... Denis Corin , Q BioMed Inc. CEO, is scheduled ... presentation will cover the company,s business strategy, recent developments and ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Lajollacooks4u has become a rising hotspot ... rated one of its top attractions. Fortune 500 companies, such as Illumina, Hewlett-Packard, ... unique and intimate team-building experience. , Each event kicks off with an olive oil ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , ... May 25, 2016 , ... Scientists at the ... options being tried for mesothelioma may be hampering the research that could lead to ... Click here to read it now. , The team evaluated 98 ...
Breaking Biology Technology: