Navigation Links
Preventing rangeland erosion: Developing better management practices in Iran
Date:2/11/2009

Madison, WI, February 9, 2009 -- The rangelands of Iran have one of the world's longest history of agriculture development, with a deep tradition of technological developments and knowledge of the soil that has produced centuries of fertile crops. Currently, however, new pressures to feed an increasing population of humans and livestock in the region has taken its toll on the land, as evidence now suggests that the soil is rapidly degrading. With the land overly stressed from the amount of livestock it supports, the ranges are subjected to overgrazing, primarily as a result of inadequate knowledge by those individuals responsible. To prevent further degradation of the land, new training programs to help pastoralists properly utilize their rangelands is needed.

A recent study was conducted to determine the most effective method of instructing pastoralists in the Ilam province of Iran, comparing the results of lectures and workshops in their understanding of methods to preserve, renovate and utilize their rangelands. After participating in the learning sessions, the subjects were then given questionnaires in order to collect data related to their overall understanding of the issues after their participation. The study was conducted through the Department of Agricultural Extension and Education in the College of Agriculture at Shiraz University of Iran. The results have been published as a part of the latest edition of the Journal of Natural Resources & Life Sciences Education. The authors include Dr. Mansoor Shahvali, Associate Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education in the Agriculture College of Shiraz University; A. Poursaeed, a Ph.D. student of Agricultural Extension and Education and Lecturers of Islamic Azad University, Ilam Branch; and Maryam Sharifzadeh a Ph.D. student of Agricultural Extension and Education and Lecturer of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research Centre of Shiraz University.

Results of the study determined that the most effective way of instructing the pastoralists was through participation in workshop training. The workshop method of learning had a significant impact on certain concepts such as animalrangeland equilibrium, factors affecting this equilibrium, best time of turning animals onto rangelands, duration of time for grazing, and utilization methods and qualities. The participants were able to get a better grasp of certain theoretical concepts and how to apply methods to their rangeland management practices. The results confirmed previous studies conducted on learning methods, in that workshops have shown to have a greater ability to turn theoretical knowledge into practical application by those being instructed.

Though the workshop proved to be of more practical assistance to the pastoralists, the lecture training also showed great value as well. In particular, the lectures were effective in expanding the subject's knowledge of rangeland surface in province, rate of grass products, and palatable species. It was also shown that that lecture training could significantly change pastoralists' knowledge in the preservation and prohibition of rangelands. Integrating the workshop method into lecture-based instruction proves to have the best results in developing learners' competence in rangeland management practice settings.

As a testament to how much benefit the pastoralists gained from the instruction, after the program they asked for more similar workshops to incorporate even more new rangeland practices, share new knowledge, and exchange information among themselves and with experts. Despite these positive results, it is important to note that the study did not resolve important questions unanswered from the standpoint of a workshops' costbenefit analysis, nor did it compare workshops with other methods of program delivery. Further research is needed to examine these factors.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sara Uttech
suttech@agronomy.org
608-268-4948
American Society of Agronomy
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New vaccine developed for preventing uncommon cold virus
2. Fast-food diet cancels out benefits of breastfeeding in preventing asthma
3. Preventing soil erosion in continuous corn
4. Preventing a broken heart: Research aims to reduce scarring from heart attacks
5. Kazak apple research key to preventing blue mold
6. MIT: Preventing forest fires with tree power
7. Scientists demonstrate feasibility of preventing malaria parasite from becoming sexually mature
8. Streams remove significant amounts of nitrogen, preventing downstream dead zones
9. Environmental epigenetics has potential for preventing and treating disease
10. Preventing tuberculosis reactivation
11. Researchers examine developing hearts in chickens to find solutions for human heart abnormalities
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Biometric Vehicle Access ... 15.1% over the next decade to reach approximately $1,580 million by ... and forecasts for all the given segments on global as well ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 21, 2017 Vigilant Solutions ... serving law enforcement agencies, announced today the appointment of ... director of public safety business development. Mr. ... enforcement experience, including a focus on the aviation transportation ... most recent position, Mr. Sheridan served as the Aviation ...
(Date:3/9/2017)... Australia , March 9, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... at the prestigious World Lung Imaging Workshop at the ... Fouras , was invited to deliver the latest data ... This globally recognised event brings together leaders at the ... latest developments in lung imaging. "The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Frederick Innovative ... range of emerging bio and technology start-ups, is hosting “Celebration Friday” (a festive ... event will start with libations and networking at 3:30 p.m. at FITCI’s 4539 ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... ... April 20, 2017 , ... USDM Life Sciences ... life sciences and healthcare industries, is pleased to announce Holger Braemer as ... subsidiary “USDM Europe GmbH” based in Germany. , Braemer is an integral part ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... ... April 20, 2017 , ... Parallel6™ , the leader ... announced today that they were named one of the 2017 Top 10 eClinical ... developments in the pharmaceutical industry. , “We take pride in honoring Parallel6 as one ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Vibrating Orifice Aerosol Generator (VOAG) was ... droplets of known diameters for research applications such as for calibrating droplet measuring ... monodisperse droplets. , The VOAG requires forcing liquid out of an orifice ...
Breaking Biology Technology: