Navigation Links
Predicting the radiation risk to ESA's astronauts
Date:2/13/2008

y of the Sun, which influences the Earths magnetic field. In turn, the Earths field determines the extent of the trapped particles and how well Earth is shielded from incoming GCRs.

Beyond Earths magnetic field, spacecraft and their occupants will be exposed to the full force of the GCRs and the solar eruptions. Missions to the Moon and Mars will venture into this harsher and unpredictable radiation environment for periods of many month or even years.

During the Apollo missions of the 1960s70s, the astronauts were simply lucky not to have been in space during a major solar eruption that would have flooded their spacecraft with deadly radiation. Essentially, they took risks and got away with it. For the kind of long-duration journeys being talked about today, a far more robust system of predicting radiation doses is required.

"The main uncertainties in these calculations are our knowledge of the space radiation environment beyond the Earths magnetic field, and the biological response to radiation," says Ersmark.

To provide the environmental information ESA is flying a standard radiation monitor on a number of its spacecraft, including Proba-1, Integral, Rosetta, GIOVE-B, Herschel and Planck. Known as the Standard Radiation Environment Monitor (SREM), it measures high-energy radiation particles. It was developed and manufactured by Oerlikon Space in cooperation with Paul Scherrer Institute, under a development contract from ESA.

Developing the appropriate strategies and countermeasures to deal with the interplanetary radiation hazard is essential. At present it is one of the most difficult challenges to our exploration the wider solar system. Thanks to DESIRE, Europeans have taken a step towards being able to test future space vehicle designs to find those that offer the most protection.


'/>"/>

Contact: Markus Bauer
markus.bauer@esa.int
31-715-656-799
European Space Agency
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Predicting growth hormone treatment success
2. Trial seeks genetic fingerprint for predicting drug effectiveness
3. Safer, more accurate radiation therapy for expecting mothers
4. Atomic bomb survivor, scientists mark 60 years of long-term radiation study
5. Bug-Zapper: A dose of radiation may help knock out malaria
6. Antioxidants could provide all-purpose radiation protection
7. Intravenous gene therapy protects normal tissue of mice during whole-body radiation
8. A new radiation therapy treatment developed for head and neck cancer patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/17/2014)... and fragmentation of forests in the Amazon help ... contributing to rapid and widespread forest loss during ... The findings show that forests in the Amazon ... coupled with forest fires lead to large-scale loss ... Balch, assistant professor of geography, Penn State. , ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Ind. -- Indiana University researchers have detected new early-warning ... diabetes. This discovery could have far-reaching implications for the ... care of over 25 million Americans. , "We had ... retinas at such early stages," said Ann Elsner, professor ... and lead author of the study. "We set out ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Australian National University (ANU), have developed a new ... variability over the past 5.3 million years., The ... surrounding ice ages over the past two million ... carbon dioxide levels, global temperatures and sea levels., ... (UoS) and the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Drought and fire in the Amazon lead to sharp increases in forest tree mortality 2Drought and fire in the Amazon lead to sharp increases in forest tree mortality 3New technique detects microscopic diabetes-related eye damage 2New technique detects microscopic diabetes-related eye damage 3Ancient sea-levels give new clues on ice ages 2
... in marine mammals, brains reveals that these animals are ... DDTs and PCBs, as well as emerging contaminants such ... lead author on the study currently in press and ... performed the research as a student in the Woods ...
... radio landscape has made it tough for Foghat to get ... to new research published in The American Naturalist . ... that the songs of white-crowned sparrows change over time in ... factors that drive the evolution of mating signals in birds. ...
... Institutes of Health is launching the first integrated, ... rare and neglected diseases. The $24 million program ... Rare and Neglected Diseases Program, or TRND. ... is unusual because TRND creates a drug development ...
Cached Biology News:Skip this cocktail party 2Skip this cocktail party 3Bird songs change with environment 2NIH announces new program to develop therapeutics for rare and neglected diseases 2NIH announces new program to develop therapeutics for rare and neglected diseases 3NIH announces new program to develop therapeutics for rare and neglected diseases 4NIH announces new program to develop therapeutics for rare and neglected diseases 5
(Date:1/15/2014)... SAN JOSE, California , January 15, 2014 ... antibody-drug conjugates for cancer, today announced the appointment of Thomas ... Reynolds has over 20 years, development experience gained in the ... Genetics. "I am delighted to welcome Tom at ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... VA (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 Two ... have continued their sponsorship of an annual competition for ... in, and access to, innovative STEM study. The competition ... TEAMS: Tests of Engineering Aptitude, Mathematics, and Sciences ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 AudioNotch is ... new therapy for the treatment of tinnitus. Patients listen ... frequency, and over a period of weeks to months, their ... Therapy in two forms: Notched Music and Notched White Noise. ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... 14, 2014  3D Communications, a leading provider of strategic communications services ... media events in the United States and ... Virginia Cox , JD, is returning to the firm,s ... re-joins 3D after more than two years of service as Associate ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Oxford BioTherapeutics Appoints Thomas C Reynolds MD, PhD to its Board of Directors 2Oxford BioTherapeutics Appoints Thomas C Reynolds MD, PhD to its Board of Directors 3Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 2Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 3Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 4Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 5Former FDA Associate Commissioner Returns To 3D Communications 2
... ChanTest, the leading expert in ion channels and ... development, and safety -- is one of eight organizations ... and Commercialization Program. Governor Ted Strickland and Interim Director ... the Ohio Third Frontier Commission, Mark Barbash, announced the ...
... Aegera Therapeutics is pleased to announce the initiation ... AEG33773, a novel, orally bio-available small molecule therapeutic ... , The Phase 2a study, entitled A Multicenter, ... Efficacy of AEG33773 versus Placebo in Patients with ...
... May 6 iZumi Bio, Inc., a biotechnology ... stem cell (iPS) technology with the mission of ... differentiation of patient cells, today announced the appointments ... (CTO) and Dushyant Pathak, Ph.D., as vice president ...
Cached Biology Technology:ChanTest Awarded $4.8 Million Through the Ohio Third Frontier Research and Commercialization Program 2ChanTest Awarded $4.8 Million Through the Ohio Third Frontier Research and Commercialization Program 3Aegera Initiates Phase 2 Clinical Trial Of AEG33773 - A Small Molecule Targeting Neuropathic Pain 2iZumi Bio Appoints Dr. Berta Strulovici as Chief Technology Officer and Dr. Dushyant Pathak as Vice President of Business Development 2iZumi Bio Appoints Dr. Berta Strulovici as Chief Technology Officer and Dr. Dushyant Pathak as Vice President of Business Development 3
... PBL's bioassays for interferons are cytopathic effect inhibition ... Sample types include; tissue culture supernatents; serum ... these assays, one unit is defined as the ... the cytopathic effect of viral infection by 50%. ...
Request Info...
Request Info...
Request Info...
Biology Products: