Navigation Links
Potential hemlock hybrids tolerant to invasive hemlock woolly adelgid
Date:11/10/2010

This release is available in Spanish.

New hemlock hybrids that are tolerant to the invasive insect known as hemlock woolly adelgid have been created by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists.

Geneticist Richard Olsen and horticulturist Sue Bentz of USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) teamed up with Forest Service entomologist Mike Montgomery to breed and select these tolerant hybrids. Olsen and Bentz work in the U.S. National Arboretum's Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit in Beltsville, Md. The arboretum is located in Washington, D.C., and is operated by ARS, the principal intramural scientific research agency of USDA.

Over the past few decades, two hemlocks native to the United States-Tsuga canadensis and Tsuga caroliniana-have been under attack by the small sucking insect Adelges tsugae, also known as the hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA). Originally from Asia, this aphid relative has spread to forests and backyards in 17 eastern states, killing hemlock trees and devastating natural ecosystems.

Under the direction of ARS geneticist Denny Townsend (now retired), the arboretum began a breeding program in the 1990s to develop hemlock hybrids tolerant to HWA. The scientists crossed hemlock species native to the United States with germplasm-collected in Asia-of hemlocks that have shown tolerance to the insect. Now, 10 years later, Olsen and Bentz have developed 140 hemlock hybrids, 108 of which are suitable for testing.

In 2006, Olsen and his colleagues began a multi-year field trial to test each hybrid's degree of tolerance to HWA. Testing more than 170 trees, the researchers artificially infested the hybrids by attaching HWA-infested branches to the hybrids' lower branches and securing them with mesh bags to prevent the insects from escaping. They found the species T. chinensis and its hybrids to be most tolerant to HWA.

Details of the scientists' studies have been published in the Journal of Economic Entomology, the Journal of Arboriculture and the Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science.

The hybrids are appealing not only due to their tolerance, but because they have good vigor and shape. Still, the researchers have several years of testing to complete before they can release these hybrids.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Yao
stephanie.yao@ars.usda.gov
301-504-1619
United States Department of Agriculture -- Research, Education and Economics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Engineered plants make potential precursor to raw material for plastics
2. UCLA researchers discover a potential target for therapy for patients with a deadly prostate cancer
3. University of Illinois researchers discover potential new virus in switchgrass
4. Grasses have potential as alternate ethanol crop, Illinois study finds
5. Researchers report advances vs. preeclampsia, including potential prediction
6. Faster CARS, less damage: NIST chemical microscopy shows potential for cell diagnostics
7. Novocure reports data showing TTF therapy in combination with chemotherapy has the potential to increase overall survival for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer
8. Brown licenses potential muscular dystrophy treatment to Tivorsan Pharmaceuticals
9. Stem cell research: What progress has been made, what is its potential?
10. Research heralds potential for early diagnosis of degenerative brain disorders
11. Potential HIV drug keeps virus out of cells
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/28/2016)... 2016 Synaptics (NASDAQ: SYNA ), a leading developer ... quarter ended December 31, 2015. --> ... 2016 increased 2 percent compared to the comparable quarter last year ... 2016 was $35.0 million, or $0.93 per diluted share. ... the first quarter of fiscal 2016 grew 9 percent over the ...
(Date:1/25/2016)... , Jan. 25, 2016  Glencoe Software, the world-leading ... and publication industries, will provide the data management solution ... (NPSC). ... Phenotypic analysis measures the ... organisms, allowing comparisons between states such as health and ...
(Date:1/21/2016)... India , January 21, 2016 ... According to a new market research report "Emotion Detection ... and Others), Software Tools (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition ... Regions - Global forecast to 2020", published by ... is expected to reach USD 22.65 Billion by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... announced a new agreement with Bankok,Thailand-based Global Stem Cells Network (GSCN) to distribute ... 15 Latin American countries, including Mexico, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Colombia, Argentina, Nicaragua, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb. 10, 2016 NX Prenatal Inc., ... proprietary NeXosome® technology for early warning of adverse ... most recent study by Dr. Thomas McElrath ... Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine,s (SMFM) annual meeting held ... th , 2016.  The presentation reported initial positive ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... -- Matchbook, Inc., a company specializing in procurement and ... today the appointment of Jim Shuman ... 25 years of experience in supply chain, logistics ... decades in executive level roles as the SVP ... most recently headed global logistics and procurement at ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... PatientCrossroads ... on the secure online PatientCrossroads platform, has exceeded both its one-year and overall ... the PROMPT study, which seeks to advance understanding of the hereditary risks for ...
Breaking Biology Technology: