Navigation Links
Portable brain-mapping device allows UT Arlington researchers to 'see' where memory fails
Date:6/18/2014

UT Arlington researchers have successfully used a portable brain-mapping device to show limited prefrontal cortex activity among student veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder when they were asked to recall information from simple memorization tasks.

The study by bioengineering professor Hanli Liu and Alexa Smith-Osborne, an associate professor of social work, and two other collaborators was published in the May 2014 edition of NeuroImage: Clinical. The team used functional near infrared spectroscopy to map brain activity responses during cognitive activities related to digit learning and memory retrial.

Smith-Osborne has used the findings to guide treatment recommendations for some veterans through her work as principal investigator for UT Arlington's Student Veteran Project, which offers free services to veterans who are undergraduates or who are considering returning to college.

"When we retest those student veterans after we've provided therapy and interventions, they've shown marked improvement," Smith-Osborne said. "The fNIRS data have shown improvement in brain functions and responses after the student veterans have undergone treatment."

Liu said this type of brain imaging allows us to "see" which brain region or regions fail to memorize or recall learned knowledge in student veterans with PTSD.

"It also shows how PTSD can affect the way we learn and our ability to recall information, so this new way of brain imaging advances our understanding of PTSD." Liu said.

This study is multi-disciplinary, associating objective brain imaging with neurological disorders and social work.

While UT Arlington bioengineering faculty associate Fenghua Tian is the primary author assisted by bioengineering graduate research assistant Amarnath Yennu, collaborators of the study include UT Austin psychology professor Francisco Gonzalez-Lima and psychology professor Carol North with UT Southwestern Medical Center and the Veterans Administration North Texas Health Care System.

Khosrow Behbehani, dean of the UT Arlington College of Engineering, said this collaborative research is "allowing the researchers to objectively measure the changes in the level of oxygen in the brain and relate them to some of the brain functions that may have been adversely affected by trauma or stress."

Numerous neuropsychological studies have linked learning dysfunctions such as memory loss, attention deficits and learning disabilities with PTSD.

The new study involved 16 combat veterans previously diagnosed with PTSD who were experiencing distress and functional impairment affecting cognitive and related academic performance. The veterans were directed to perform a series of number-ordering tasks on a computer while researchers monitored their brain activity through near infrared spectroscopy, a noninvasive neuroimaging technology.

The research found that participants with PTSD experienced significant difficulty recalling the given digits compared with a control group. This deficiency is closely associated with dysfunction of a portion in the right frontal cortex. The team also determined that near infrared spectroscopy was an effective tool for measuring cognitive dysfunction associated with PTSD.

With that information, Smith-Osborne said mental healthcare providers could customize a treatment plan best suited for that individual.

"It's not a one-size-fits-all treatment plan but a concentrated effort to tailor the treatment based on where that person is on the learning scale," Smith-Osborne said.

Smith-Osborne and Liu hope that their research results lead to better and more comprehensive care for veterans and a better college education.


'/>"/>

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. UCLA researchers invent portable device for common kidney tests
2. Fluke Biomedical launches portable, feature-rich ProSim 3 and 2 Vital Signs Simulators
3. Philips CX50 xMATRIX now offers world-class interventional and diagnostic features on single portable system
4. Small, portable sensors allow users to monitor exposure to pollution on their smart phones
5. Portable diagnostics designed to be shaken, not stirred
6. Lawrence Livermore Lab awarded $5.6 million to develop next-generation neural devices
7. New device isolates most aggressive cancer cells
8. Capillary device significantly improves manufacture of quality liposomes
9. Companies commercialize VTT technology that miniaturises measuring devices
10. New ultrasound device may add in detecting risk for heart attack, stroke
11. Trees go high-tech: Process turns cellulose into energy storage devices
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Portable brain-mapping device allows UT Arlington researchers to 'see' where memory fails
(Date:4/19/2017)... York , April 19, 2017 ... as its vendor landscape is marked by the presence ... market is however held by five major players - ... Together these companies accounted for nearly 61% of the ... the leading companies in the global military biometrics market ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... 2017 UBM,s Advanced Design and Manufacturing event ... emerging and evolving technology through its 3D Printing and ... alongside the expo portion of the event and feature ... focused on trending topics within 3D printing and smart ... event will take place June 13-15, 2017 at the Jacob ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... DUBLIN , Apr. 11, 2017 Research ... Tracking Market 2017-2021" report to their offering. ... The global eye tracking market to grow at ... The report, Global Eye Tracking Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based ... report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects over the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... the adulterants which pose the most likely threat to their products at the ... year. , IFT's annual food expo attracts over 20,000 attendees representing food ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... ... June 19, 2017 , ... As Vice President, ... products including training, implementation, support, and client process and SOP development. , Mr. ... previously held leadership roles for service providers and top-tier pharmaceuticals, and as an ...
(Date:6/16/2017)... ... 16, 2017 , ... Cambridge Semantics , the leading ... Smart Data Lake® (Anzo SDL) solution was named a finalist in the ... Information Industry Association (SIIA) CODiE Awards. , Finalists represent the best products, ...
(Date:6/15/2017)... , ... June 15, 2017 , ... ... a promising new medical device startup. Dan Parsley, angelMD’s SVP of Corporate Development, ... members, and this angelMD syndicate is part of Saranas’ recently announced $4 million ...
Breaking Biology Technology: