Navigation Links
Plant biologists lead biobased-fuel research projects
Date:9/14/2010

ROCKVILLE, Md. Members of the American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB) are helping solve the nation's energy challenges through fundamental research into biofuels. All nine Plant Feedstocks Genomics for Bioenergy awards recently announced by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) were given to projects with ASPB members as key research personnel, including serving as principal investigator.

This DOE/USDA research program supports fundamental genomics investigations to enhance the use of plants as potential sources of fuels. Each of the projects will explore ways that the generally inedible portions of plantsthe lignocellulosic biomasscan be used to produce biofuels. Projects funded this year will aim to enhance productivity, yield, nutrient and water utilization, and sustainability of plants as sources of biofuels. To meet these goals, researchers will seek to improve basic understanding of the way plants are structured, how they take up and use nutrients, and the impact of temperature and water.

A total of $8.9 million has been awarded to nine research teams:

  • ASPB member Pamela J. Green (University of Delaware) will identify the targets of a set of regulatory molecules known as microRNAs to enhance understanding of regulatory networks, which may suggest strategies for improving bioenergy crops.
  • Scott Harding and ASPB member ChungJui Tsai (University of Georgia) will explore how proteins which transport the sugar sucrose within plants impact the storage and use of sucrose in developing wood.
  • ASPB members Matthew Hudson, Magdy Alabady, and Stephen Moose (Energy Bioscience Institute, University of Illinois) will investigate the role of small RNA molecules involved in regulating the size, shape, and composition of biofuel crops and the synthesis of cellulose and lignin in biofuels crops including Miscanthus, switchgrass, and prairie cordgrass.
  • ASPB members Chuansheng Mei and Barry Flinn (Institute for Advanced Learning and Research), in collaboration with John Seiler and Jerzy Nowak (Virginia Tech), will seek to study the mechanisms by which associated bacterial endophytes promote switchgrass growth and enhance stress tolerance as a step toward developing a low input and sustainable switchgrass feedstock production system.
  • ASPB members Stephen Moose, Patrick Brown (University of Illinois), and Max Moehs (Arcadia Biosciences) will investigate whether a particular gene system can be used to convert superior sorghum grain hybrids to cultivars enhanced for bioenergy production.
  • John Mullet, William Rooney, and ASPB member Patricia Klein (Texas A&M University) will identify the genetic and biochemical basis for increasing yield and improving the composition of high yielding energy crops such as energy sorghum, which would decrease the acreage required for biomass production.
  • ASPB members Markus Pauly (University of California, Berkeley) and Sarah Hake (USDA Agricultural Research Service Plant Gene Expression Center) will explore the vast genetic diversity of maize to identify and genetically characterize lines whose lignocellulosics yield higher amounts of sugars that can be used for bioenergy production.
  • ASPB member Gary Stacey, Jianlin Jack Cheng, and Dong Xu (University of Missouri), in collaboration with David Koppenaal and Ljiljana Paa-Tolić (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) will use the soybean root hair cell system as a model to explore the response of plant roots to heat and drought, which will provide insight on the impacts of changing climate on plants.
  • ASPB member John Vogel, Yong Gu, Gerard Lazo, and Olin Anderson (USDA Agricultural Research Service Western Regional Research Center) will generate a collection of model grass plants in which known genes are made inoperative in order to enable researchers to quickly determine the function of genes of interest.


'/>"/>

Contact: Adam Fagen
afagen@aspb.org
301-296-0898
American Society of Plant Biologists
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Biofuel from inedible plant material easier to produce following enzyme discovery
2. Early cotton planting requires irrigation
3. Terumo Medical Corp. reports first US implant in landmark study enrolling in US and Japan
4. Winners of plant-biology video contest announced -- new competition begins at Penn State University
5. UCSF unveils model for implantable artificial kidney to replace dialysis
6. New cell transplantation journal launched
7. Researchers discover novel mechanism protecting plants against freezing
8. Plant scientists move closer to making any crop drought-tolerant
9. Mighty predatory mite and oil sprays may save eggplant production in Micronesia
10. New technology may prolong the life of implanted devices, from pacemakers to chemotherapy ports
11. Drought drives decade-long decline in plant growth
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... December 7, 2016 BioCatch , the global ... its patent portfolio, which grew to over 40 granted and pending patents. ... , , ... patent entitled " System, Device, and Method Estimating Force Applied ... device makers to forego costly hardware components needed to estimate the force ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... , Dec. 6, 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE ... priced an offering of €500.0 million principal amount of its ... amount of its 2.425% senior unsecured notes due 2026. ... occur on December 13, 2016, subject to the satisfaction of customary ... basis. The Company intends to ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... -- The Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of ... or Replace Medico Legal Autopsies?" on NIJ.gov.  The ... forensic autopsies with postmortem X-ray computed tomography, commonly ... to recommendations made by The National Academy of ... a potential component of medicolegal death investigations. NIJ,s ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016  Soligenix, Inc. (OTCQB: ... company focused on developing and commercializing products to ... medical need, announced today the long-term follow-up data ... (dusquetide), a first-in-class Innate Defense Regulator (IDR), in ... and neck cancer patients undergoing chemoradiation therapy (CRT).  ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Dec. 8, 2016  HedgePath Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (OTCQX: ... develops and plans to commercialize innovative therapeutics for ... common stock were approved for trading on the ... on the OTCQX, effective today, under the ticker ... OTCQX market, companies must meet high financial standards, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 Eutilex Co. ... billion KRW (US $18.9M) Series A financing. This financing ... G.N. Tech Venture and SNU Bio Angel. This new ... 30.5 billion KRW (US $27.7M) since its founding in ... to bolster the development and commercialization of its immuno-oncology ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016   Biocept, Inc . (NASDAQ: ... of clinically actionable liquid biopsy tests to improve ... data featuring its Target Selectorâ„¢ Circulating Tumor Cell ... the detection of actionable biomarkers in patients with ... by Sara Cannon Research Institute (SCRI), the research ...
Breaking Biology Technology: