Navigation Links
Plagiarism sleuths tackle full-text biomedical articles
Date:10/25/2010

In scientific publishing, how much reuse of text is too much? Researchers at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech and collaborators have shown that a computer-based text-searching tool is capable of unearthing questionable publication practices from thousands of full-text papers in the biomedical literature.

The first step in the process is to find out what is restated before zeroing in on who may have crossed an ethically unacceptable threshold. The findings, published in PLoS ONE, offer hope for curbing unethical scientific publication practice, a growing problem throughout the world.

"Building upon our earlier work reported in Science and Nature, which uncovered ethically questionable journal articles by comparing their abstracts, we have now re-tuned our computer program, eTBLAST, to scan thousands of full-text articles in PubMed Central, a freely available repository of full-text biomedical literature," said Harold "Skip" Garner, author on the paper and executive director of the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute. "Our goal was to measure how much and where in papers for example, the introduction, methods or results sections text is duplicated to establish the 'norm' in publishing. This will allow ethicists, which we are not, to begin to develop guidelines as to what is and what is not acceptable publication practice."

Although abstract search is an effective approach to detect potential plagiarism, full text analysis is needed to uncover all potential duplicate citations in the scientific literature. The researchers examined 72 011 full-text articles using the eTBLAST computer program, which is only the tip of the iceberg for the number of published biomedical articles in the archives.

"We found that most papers are novel, as expected in scientific reporting, but even in papers reporting novel results, certain sections, such as the introduction or methods section, frequently have large amounts of content that appear elsewhere," said Garner. The researchers went on to explain that the re-use of text in certain sections, such as the methods section of papers, where authors provide details on how the work was done, is not a bad thing because it is important to use the accepted and most consistent techniques. "We also expect that other sections like the results section to be very unique just like the abstract. And this is the case in the overwhelming majority of papers," said Garner.

The current study revealed that the introduction section tended to be copied the most in similar citations. Also review articles were confirmed as being particularly prone to repetition.

"We believe this type of research will help us write better, more informative scientific papers, and prepare reviewers and journal editors for interpreting the similarity results that are emerging from the computational analysis of scientific papers. This approach is becoming increasingly commonplace as part of the scientific review process," added Garner. "Before crossing the line between acceptable and unacceptable writing, it is important to know the location of the line," concluded Garner.


'/>"/>

Contact: Barry Whyte
whyte@vbi.vt.edu
540-231-1767
Virginia Tech
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Gaming for a cure: Computer gamers tackle protein folding
2. Top scientists tackle the issue of HIV persistence
3. Rice yields researched to tackle food security issues
4. JHSPH faculty tackles immune system differences between the sexes
5. Shipping industry sends help as project in Panama tackles amphibian crisis
6. Eating disorders, obesity and communications experts tackle weighty matters
7. Einstein-Montefiore research tackles childhood obesity in the Bronx
8. Seaweed to tackle rising tide of obesity
9. Environmental historian now tackles industrial disease in Japan
10. MSU researcher awarded $2 million to tackle parasitic tropical diseases
11. Innovation boost to tackle climate change
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/15/2016)...  A new partnership announced today will help ... in a fraction of the time it takes ... life insurance policies to consumers without requiring inconvenient ... Diagnostics, rapid testing (A1C, Cotinine and HIV) and ... weight, pulse, BMI, and activity data) available at ...
(Date:3/31/2016)... -- Genomics firm Nabsys has completed a financial  restructuring under ... M.D., who returned to the company in October 2015. ... including Chief Technology Officer, John Oliver , Ph.D., ... Vice President of Software and Informatics, Michael Kaiser ... Bready served as CEO of Nabsys from 2005-2014 and ...
(Date:3/21/2016)... , March 22, 2016 ... recognition with passcodes for superior security   ... a leading provider of secure digital communications services, today ... biometric technology and offer enterprise customers, particularly those in ... facial recognition and voice authentication within a mobile app, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... , May 4, 2016  Bayer today ... oncology compound Stivarga ® (regorafenib) tablets for ... (HCC) has met its primary endpoint of a ... called RESORCE, evaluated the efficacy and safety of ... progressed after treatment with sorafenib. The safety and ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... ... PBI-Gordon Corporation is pleased to announce Doug Obermann has been promoted to ... PBI-Gordon in February 1988, after finishing his masters in agronomy from Iowa State University. ... to national product manager, to helping develop, name and launch many of the most ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 ... ... Morf Playbook™ enterprise talent development, skill-building and compliance training platform on mobile ... training course: Overview of Regulatory Requirements for Medical Devices. The course is ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... Flagship Biosciences, ... Nancy Gillett to its Board of Directors. Dr. Gillett recently retired from Charles ... Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer. A board-certified veterinary pathologist, Dr. Gillett joined ...
Breaking Biology Technology: