Navigation Links
Pitt team finds molecule that regulates heart size by using zebrafish screening model
Date:7/5/2009

PITTSBURGH, July 5 Using zebrafish, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have identified and described an enzyme inhibitor that allows them to increase the number of cardiac progenitor cells and therefore influence the size of the developing heart. The findings are described in the advance online version of Nature Chemical Biology.

The zebrafish model has powerful advantages for studying embryonic development, said senior author Michael Tsang, Ph.D., assistant professor, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

"This gives us a better understanding of heart development during the embryonic stage and has implications for adult disease," he noted. "As we try to create treatments that restore normal function to damaged or diseased tissues, it will help us to know the biologic pathways and signals that formed these organs whole and healthy in the first place. This information can be gained by studying developmental biology."

Zebrafish are vertebrate animals whose transparent embryos develop rapidly, are small and easy to handle and, most importantly, grow outside of the mother. In earlier work, Dr. Tsang and his team bred a line of transgenic zebrafish with the gene for green fluorescent protein linked to a key signaling pathway of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), a family of proteins that are essential in embryonic development.

"The transgenic zebrafish embryos allow us to actually see when a drug or compound influences FGFs because the cells glow green," Dr. Tsang said. "The embryos are like biosensors for FGF signaling, showing us what's happening in real time in living animals."

For the current paper, he and colleagues focused on a small molecule called BCI, which hyperactivated FGF signaling. They then figured out how: BCI blocked the activity of an enzyme called Dusp6, a feedback regulator that would otherwise have tamped down the enhanced FGF signal.

Knowing that, BCI could then be used as a tool to find out what effect Dusp6 inhibition would have on heart development. Zebrafish treated with BCI had a greater number of cardiac progenitor cells and, ultimately, larger hearts, Dr. Tsang said.

Unraveling the fibroblast growth factor pathway has broad implications for improving wound healing as well, Dr. Tsang said. For example, FGF2 has been used in treatment of chronic skin ulcers and following burn surgery in Japan. Thus, BCI alone or in combination with FGF2 might accelerate the healing process and improve wound repair.


'/>"/>

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
SrikamAV@upmc.edu
412-647-3555
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. University of Oregon researcher finds that on waters surface, nitric acid is not so tough
2. Study finds environmental tests help predict hospital-acquired Legionnaires disease risk
3. Study finds blocking angiogenesis signaling from inside cell may lead to serious health problems
4. Study finds Viagra increases release of key reproductive hormone
5. Survey finds elevated rates of new asthma among WTC rescue and recovery workers
6. St. Jude finds factors that accelerate resistance to targeted therapy in lymphoblastic leukemia
7. Study finds a high rate of asthma in college athletes
8. Ecologist finds dire devastation of snake species following floods of 93, 95
9. Men shed light on the mystery of human longevity, study finds
10. JILA finds flaw in model describing DNA elasticity
11. Americans remain pessimistic about the environment, Stanford-AP survey finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/30/2017)... , March 30, 2017 Trends, opportunities and ... and behavioral), by technology (fingerprint, AFIS, iris recognition, facial ... and others), by end use industry (government and law ... financial and banking, and others), and by region ( ... , Asia Pacific , and the ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... 2017 The report "Video Surveillance ... Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, VMS), and Service ... Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market was ... projected to reach USD 75.64 Billion by 2022, at ... base year considered for the study is 2016 and ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... The Controller General of Immigration from Maldives Mr. Mohamed Anwar ... the prestigious international IAIR Award for the most innovative high security ePassport ... ... Maldives Immigration Controller General, Mr. ... on the right) have received the IAIR award for the "Most innovative ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... During the course of ... testing for 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D can enhance clinical practice. Participants will learn the medical ... D. , Dr. Gregory Plotnikoff, senior consultant with Minnesota Personalized Medicine, will be ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... April 27, 2017  Pendant Biosciences, Inc. (formerly Nanoferix, ... modification and drug delivery technologies, today announced that it ... @ Toronto . ... Pendant Biosciences, noted, "We are excited to become part ... community, and are honored to be the first ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... LABS, Inc. (LABS) announced in December 2016 ... extensive test menu: Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) for ZIKV; and Enzyme Immunoassays (EIAs) specific ... offer NAT screening for blood donors under an Investigational New Drug (IND) study protocol. ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... As part of the ... explore the laboratory testing for DIC in order to illuminate this clinical problem for ... occur in hospitalized patients resulting in a high degree of morbidity and mortality. DIC ...
Breaking Biology Technology: