Navigation Links
Pitt team finds mechanism that causes noise-induced tinnitus and drug that can prevent it
Date:5/27/2013

PITTSBURGH, May 27, 2013 An epilepsy drug shows promise in an animal model at preventing tinnitus from developing after exposure to loud noise, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings, reported this week in the early online version of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveal for the first time the reason the chronic and sometimes debilitating condition occurs.

An estimated 5 to 15 percent of Americans hear whistling, clicking, roaring and other phantom sounds of tinnitus, which typically is induced by exposure to very loud noise, said senior investigator Thanos Tzounopoulos, Ph.D., associate professor and member of the auditory research group in the Department of Otolaryngology, Pitt School of Medicine.

"There is no cure for it, and current therapies such as hearing aids don't provide relief for many patients," he said. "We hope that by identifying the underlying cause, we can develop effective interventions."

The team focused on an area of the brain that is home to an important auditory center called the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN). From previous research in a mouse model, they knew that tinnitus is associated with hyperactivity of DCN cells they fire impulses even when there is no actual sound to perceive. For the new experiments, they took a close look at the biophysical properties of tiny channels, called KCNQ channels, through which potassium ions travel in and out of the cell.

"We found that mice with tinnitus have hyperactive DCN cells because of a reduction in KCNQ potassium channel activity," Dr. Tzounopoulos said. "These KCNQ channels act as effective "brakes" that reduce excitability or activity of neuronal cells."

In the model, sedated mice are exposed in one ear to a 116-decibel sound, about the loudness of an ambulance siren, for 45 minutes, which was shown in previous work to lead to the development of tinnitus in 50 percent of
'/>"/>

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
SrikamAV@upmc.edu
412-578-9193
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. MIT research: Study finds room to store CO2 underground
2. Study finds circle hooks lower catch rate for offshore anglers
3. LSUHSC research finds HPV-related head & neck cancers rising, highest in middle-aged white men
4. Head and body lice appear to be the same species, genetic study finds
5. Study finds peoples niceness may reside in their genes
6. Large international study finds memory in adults impacted by versions of 4 genes
7. Improved loblolly pines better for the environment, study finds
8. NIST/UMass study finds evidence nanoparticles may increase plant DNA damage
9. As deadly cat disease spreads nationally, MU veterinarian finds effective treatment
10. Study finds cancer-fighting goodness in cholesterol
11. Study finds soda consumption increases overall stroke risk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/22/2015)... has launched its new NXG series of time clocks with ... higher standard for collecting attendance and labor data and complements ... touch screen interface and seamless connection to cloud-based iSolved, the ... for the small to mid-size employer. The G2 ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/8kmfcn/iphone_5s ) has ... Sensor - Apple/AuthenTec TMDR92 & Sapphire - Technology Report" ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 Following the acquisition of ... feature with the iPhone 5S. It is currently the ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014 The Defense Logistics Agency is insourcing its ... counterfeit microcircuits from entering into its supply chain. ... anti-counterfeit initiative dubbed DNA marking. The capability will validate ... throughout the supply chain. The new quality control measures ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Infinisource's NXG series sets new time clock standard 2iPhone 5S Fingerprint Sensor - Apple/AuthenTec TMDR92 & Sapphire - Technology Report 2Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 2Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 3
... shown that not all individuals carrying the Romanian "Basarab" ... the real-life Dracula, can be direct biological descendants of ... historical and geographical southern region of present-day Romania, for ... Vlad III the Impaler, commonly known as Dracula. The ...
... high-doses of interleukin-2 (IL-2) has been the preferred treatment ... article published in the current issue of Cancer ... Ann Liebert, Inc. ( http://www.liebertpub.com ), explores whether or ... The article is available free online at the ...
... thought that fin whales in the Strait of Gibraltar and ... this species of whale in the Mediterranean. However, an international ... their population has been overestimated by including specimens from the ... the noise generated by human activity affects their survival., In ...
Cached Biology News:'Basarab' surname may not indicate direct relation to Vlad the Impaler 2The fin whale, under more threat in the Mediterranean than thought 2The fin whale, under more threat in the Mediterranean than thought 3
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Nueva Jersey , 22 de enero ... for Biomedical Research abre hoy su llamada a nominaciones ... cuya investigación científica ha hecho, o tiene el potencial ... salud humana. Las nominaciones se aceptarán hasta el 15 ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015  Derma Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: DSCI ... wound care, announces that AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX®, amniotic ... to the Premier, Inc. Regenerative Skin Grafting contract ... AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX® product lines, which continue to ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Dec. 24, 2014  Vermillion, Inc. (Nasdaq:   VRML), ... announced today that the Company closed its previously ... Management, Jack W. Schuler , Birchview Fund ... $10.5 million, before offering expenses.  The proceeds will ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Boston, MA (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 Earlier ... James L. Sherley, director of the Adult Stem Cell Technology ... overlooked and under appreciated unique property of adult tissue stem ... Misunderstood in the Past, Important for the Future,” embodied the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 2El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 3El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 2Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 3Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 5Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 2Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 3Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 2Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 3Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 4
... Up in the sky. It's a bird. It's a plane. It's ... denial in a single bound. Indeed, lately the media has been ... to result from the mass exodus of Baby Boomers from the ... believe that this trend and its impacts on businesses are black ...
... Milwaukee, Wis. - The National Cancer Institute ... Medical College of Wisconsin to study the growth ... second successful renewal of the grant that was first awarded ... ongoing principal investigator. , ,She and other investigators are developing ...
... This is the ninth in a series of articles ... sectors. The most recent article focused on worker classification. ... The idea is developed. Lawyers and accountants are on ... is formed. The name has been chosen. Perhaps workers, ...
Cached Biology Technology:Shades of gray: Business impacts of an aging workforce 2Shades of gray: Business impacts of an aging workforce 3Shades of gray: Business impacts of an aging workforce 4Shades of gray: Business impacts of an aging workforce 5Shades of gray: Business impacts of an aging workforce 6Early Stage, Step 9: Raising capital in the securities landscape 2Early Stage, Step 9: Raising capital in the securities landscape 3Early Stage, Step 9: Raising capital in the securities landscape 4
Rabbit polyclonal antibody to Glutathione-S-Transferase (GST)...
... Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer, utilizing many of ... Plus, offers high throughput and excellent ... performance-to-cost ratio. Like the GCMS-QP2010 Plus, ... velocity for optimum separation, 20 temperature ...
Chicken polyclonal antibody to Glutathione-S-Transfrease (GST)...
... The Precision XS uniquely combines a single-channel ... and an 8-channel bulk reagent dispenser all ... to transfers using disposable pipette tips, the ... bulk reagent dispenser is available for transferring ...
Biology Products: