Navigation Links
Photovoltaics beat biofuels at converting sun's energy to miles driven
Date:1/17/2013

iversity of Science and Technology, to model the relative efficiencies of the technologies at converting a given amount of sunlight to miles driven.

The results, which appear in a paper titled "Spatially Explicit Life Cycle Assessment of Sun-to-Wheels Transportation Pathways in the U.S." and published in the Dec. 26 issue of the journal Environmental Science & Technology, showed photovoltaics (PV) to be much more efficient than biomass at turning sunlight into energy to fuel a car.

"PV is orders of magnitude more efficient than biofuels pathways in terms of land use 30, 50, even 200 times more efficient depending on the specific crop and local conditions," says Geyer. "You get the same amount of energy using much less land, and PV doesn't require farm land."

The researchers examined three ways of using sunlight to power cars: a) the traditional method of converting corn or other plants to ethanol; b) converting energy crops into electricity for BEVs rather than producing ethanol; and C) using PVs to convert sunlight directly into electricity for BEVs.

Because land-use decisions are local, Geyer explains, he and his colleagues examined five prominent "sun-to-wheels" energy conversion pathways ethanol from corn or switchgrass for internal combustion vehicles, electricity from corn or switchgrass for BEVs, and PV electricity for BEVs for every county in the contiguous United States.

Focusing the LCA on three key impacts direct land use, life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and fossil fuel requirements the researchers identified PV electricity for battery electric vehicles as the superior sun-to-wheels conversion method.

"Even the most efficient biomass-based pathwayrequires 29 times more land than the PV-based alternative in the same locations," the authors write. "PV BEV systems also have the lowest life-cycle GHG emissions throughout the U.S. and the lowest fossil fuel inputs, except in locatio
'/>"/>

Contact: James Badham
media@bren.ucsb.edu
University of California - Santa Barbara
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Algae biofuels: the wave of the future
2. Better plants for biofuels
3. Environmental benefit of biofuels is overestimated, new study reveals
4. Researchers seek to improve drought resistance of biofuels crops
5. BP Biofuels, Texas AgriLife Research sign agreement to advance biofuel feedstock development
6. Ancient diatoms could make biofuels, electronics and health food -- at the same time
7. Algae Biomass Organization hails new UCSD study showing saltwater algae viable for biofuels
8. Bioengineered marine algae expands environments where biofuels can be produced
9. CU-led team receives $9.2 million DOE grant to engineer E. coli into biofuels
10. Can algae-derived oils support large-scale, low-cost biofuels production?
11. NREL and Johnson Matthey announce 5-year collaboration on biofuels
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/29/2014)... parents of preterm babies latest research from the ... become teenagers, the brains of many preterm children can perform ... study conducted by the University,s Robinson Research Institute ... no brain injury in early life, their cognitive abilities as ... peers. , However, the results of the study, published in ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ... certain bacterial pathogens inside human cells, including those that ... findings, published in mBio , the online open-access ... new way of identifying non-antibiotic drugs that could one ... of drugs on the list inhibit the growth of ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Ariz. - Reactions among minerals and organic compounds in ... carbon cycle, they provide energy for the deep biosphere, ... However, very little is known about how minerals influence ... State University have demonstrated how a common mineral acts ... negating the need for toxic solvents or expensive reagents. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Preterm children's brains can catch up years later 2New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections 2Mineral magic? Common mineral capable of making and breaking bonds 2Mineral magic? Common mineral capable of making and breaking bonds 3
... for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) is pleased ... recipients will be acknowledged at the ARVO 2012 Annual ... Proctor Medal: Peter Sterling, PhD, Mildred Weisenfeld Award ... FARVO, Cogan Award: Jeffrey L. Goldberg, MD, PhD, Friedenwald ...
... AMHERST, Mass. A team of kinesiology researchers led ... Amherst recently received a 2.5-year, $975,000 grant through the ... to study how the average 100-lb. equipment load carried ... missions, affects their survivability, likelihood of injury and ability ...
... Md. - The first Maryland municipality to earn a ... is the Town of Berlin on the Eastern Shore. ... by the University of Maryland,s Environmental Finance Center - ... as well as revitalize and improve their long-term quality ...
Cached Biology News:2012 ARVO Award recipients honored at annual meeting 2Kinesiology team gets $975,000 Defense grant to study effects of heavy loads on soldiers 2Maryland gets its first 'Certified Sustainable' community: Berlin 2
(Date:7/30/2014)... 2014 LayerBio, Inc., an MIT spinoff ... first round of seed financing from friends and family ... to develop a novel sustained-release product for ophthalmology. , ... and their commitment to this important work," said Dr. ... one of many areas in which innovations in drug ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... technologists have hurdled a number of significant technological ... revolutionary observing technology originally created for the James ... Principal Investigator Harvey Moseley, a scientist at NASA,s ... demonstrated that electrostatically actuated microshutter arrays that ... are as functional as the current technology,s ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... 2014 Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI), a genomics ... extending the healthy, high performance human life span, today ... an expert in machine learning and machine translation as ... from Google where he was Distinguished Research Scientist and ... to HLI Co-Founder and CEO, J. Craig Venter ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... a new way of manufacturing microstructured surfaces that ... self-assembly of carbon nanotubes, could exhibit a variety ... and strength, or the ability to repel water ... that mechanical forces can be used to direct ... we can independently control the mechanical properties ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Revolutionary microshutter technology hurdles significant challenges 2Revolutionary microshutter technology hurdles significant challenges 3Revolutionary microshutter technology hurdles significant challenges 4Franz Och, Ph.D., Expert in Machine Learning and Machine Translation, Joins Human Longevity, Inc. as Chief Data Scientist 2Franz Och, Ph.D., Expert in Machine Learning and Machine Translation, Joins Human Longevity, Inc. as Chief Data Scientist 3A new way to make microstructured surfaces 2
... WuXi PharmaTech (NYSE:,WX), a leading pharmaceutical, biotechnology and ... in China and the United,States, today announced that ... Vice,President of Strategy., (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20040705/CNM002LOGO ... Yu worked at Pfizer Inc., where,she co-led Pfizer,s ...
... Archi-Tech Systems, a,leading provider of pharmaceutical ... PromoTrack, a new solution custom-designed to,rapidly measure ... promotions. Archi-Tech has tailored its proven DART ... marketers, seamlessly,integrating disparate promotional campaign and Rx ...
... Inc.,(TSX: SDI) today announced that it has entered ... Medical for Spectral,s Endotoxin,Activity Assay (EAA(TM)), the only ... the terms of the agreement, BB Medical will ... "BB Medical is a leading distributor of medical ...
Cached Biology Technology:WuXi PharmaTech (NYSE: WX) Appoints Dr. Debra Yu as VP of Strategy 2Pharmaceutical Marketing Done Right: Archi-Tech Systems Unveils Version of Proven Analytics Solution for Campaign Management 2Spectral announces exclusive distribution agreement in Russia for its EAA(TM) Sepsis Diagnostic Assay 2
Designed for use with the Agencourt CleanSEQ and Agencourt AMPure 384-well SPRI reagent kits. For use with 384-well thermal cycling plates....
... Removal , , Removes ... cross-reactivity with other proteins , Simple, just ... Economical new surface technology, not based on ... with protein analysis. SurfactAway offers a simple ...
... SDS and Non-ionic Detergent Removal ... , Very selective, virtually no cross-reactivity with ... and discard pellet , Economical new ... , Detergents can often interfere with protein ...
... 3000 workstation automates a wide array of ... Proteomic Sample Preparation to Bio-Molecular and Cell ... of the Caliper Sciclone enables numerous combinations ... meet the needs of a given application, ...
Biology Products: