Navigation Links
Photonic crystal biosensors detect protein-DNA interactions
Date:9/23/2008

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Scientists at the University of Illinois have developed a new class of disposable, microplate-based optical biosensors capable of detecting protein-DNA interactions. Based on the properties of photonic crystals, the biosensors are suitable for the rapid identification of inhibitors of protein-nucleic acid and protein-protein interactions.

"Protein-DNA interactions are essential for fundamental cellular processes such as transcription, DNA damage repair and apoptosis," said Paul Hergenrother, a professor of chemistry and an affiliate of the university's Institute for Genomic Biology. "Screening for compounds that inhibit particular kinds of protein-DNA binding is a very important step in drug development."

Developed by Brian Cunningham, a U. of I. professor of electrical and computer engineering, the photonic crystal biosensors consist of a low-refractive-index polymer grating coated with a film of high-refractive-index titanium oxide, attached to the bottom of a standard 384-well microplate. Each well functions as a tiny test tube with a biosensor in the bottom.

"First, we selectively attach a biomolecule, such as DNA, to the bottom of each well. Then we see how that biomolecule interacts with other molecules, including drugs," said Cunningham, who also is affiliated with the university's Beckman Institute, Micro and Nanotechnology Laboratory, and Institute for Genomic Biology.

By examining the light reflected from the photonic crystal, the researchers can tell when molecules are added to, or removed from, the crystal surface. The measurement technique can be used, for example, in a high-throughput screening mode to rapidly identify molecules and compounds that prevent DNA-protein binding.

The researchers demonstrated the new technology by examining two very different protein-DNA interactions. The first was the bacterial toxin-antitoxin system MazEF, which binds to DNA in a sequence-specific manner and is thought to be responsible for the maintenance of resistance-encoding plasmids in certain infectious bacteria. The second was the human apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), a protein that binds to chromosomal DNA in a DNA-sequence-independent manner.

The photonic crystal biosensor technology was further utilized in a screen for inhibitors of the AIF-DNA interaction, and through this screen aurin tricarboxylic acid was identified as the first in vitro inhibitor of AIF.

"Aurin tricarboxylic acid displayed about 80 percent inhibition of AIF-DNA binding," Hergenrother said. "Aurin tricarboxylic acid was the only compound to exhibit significant inhibition out of approximately 1,000 compounds screened."

While the photonic crystal biosensor was demonstrated only for protein-DNA interactions, analogous experiments with protein-RNA interactions, and protein-protein interactions are also possible, Cunningham said. "We also could grow cancer cells on the photonic crystal surface, and see how different drugs affect cell growth."


'/>"/>

Contact: James E. Kloeppel
kloeppel@uiuc.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. The photonic beetle
2. Scientists demonstrate the sharpest measurement of ice crystals in clouds
3. Crystal (eye) ball: Study says visual system equipped with future seeing powers
4. New clues to how proteins dissolve and crystallize
5. Scientists find missing evolutionary link using tiny fungus crystal
6. Liquid crystal phases of tiny DNA molecules point up new scenario for first life on Earth
7. Unveiling the structure of microcrystals
8. Researchers develop liquid crystal pharmaceuticals to fight cancer and other diseases
9. Enzyme detectives uncover new reactions, products
10. Researchers study facial structures, brain abnormalities to reveal formula for detection of autism
11. Best code for disease detection, bar none
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/31/2017)... Jan. 31, 2017  Spero Therapeutics, LLC, a ... the treatment of bacterial infections, today announced it ... candidates from Pro Bono Bio Ltd (PBB) to ... multi-drug resistant forms of Gram-negative bacteria.   The assets ... Ltd, a PBB group company. "The ...
(Date:1/26/2017)...  Acuity Market Intelligence today released the 2017 ...  Acuity characterizes 2017 as a "breakout" year for ... a new understanding of the potential benefits these ... identity are often perceived as threats to privacy ... of Acuity Market intelligence. "However, taken together these ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... -- It sounds simple and harmless—an electronic sensor attached ... and alerts parents on their smart phones if, ... But pediatric experts argue that such devices may ... of medical benefits, especially to healthy babies. ... of healthy babies, promising peace of mind about ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... -- Symic Bio, a biopharmaceutical company focused on matrix ... announced today the completion of enrollment for the SHIELD ... trial will evaluate the safety and efficacy of SB-030, ... restenosis following angioplasty. "We,re pleased to ... Nathan Bachtell , M.D., Chief Medical Officer of ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... FireflySci, Inc is an explosive ... 2014, FireflySci had the goal of bringing their powerful cuvette and spectrophotometer ... the path that FireflySci is going on as they add yet another mark on ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... DIEGO , Feb. 24, 2017  OncoSec Medical ... cancer immunotherapies, will host a Key Opinion Leader event ... as an oral and poster presentation at the upcoming ... plan. The KOL event will be held in-person and ... PM EST / 9:00 AM PST at the Lotte ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... BellBrook Labs ... to include an array of biochemical analyses critical for Lead Discovery. The ... hit-to-lead and SAR programs, including inhibitor potency and selectivity, mechanism of action, and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: