Navigation Links
Pest uses plant hairs for protection
Date:2/6/2013

Everyone needs to eat. But it's a dog-eat-dog world, and with the exception of the top predators, everyone also gets eaten. To cope with this vicious reality, a tiny insect that eats plants has learned to employ the plant's hairs for physical protection from its beetle predator.

The pest is called the cycad aulacaspis scale, and its invasion into numerous countries in recent years has caused immeasurable loss of biodiversity. Cycads belong to an ancient lineage of plants that date to the dinosaur era, and the pest requires a cycad plant for food. The insect's recent invasion to the island of Guam has endangered the island's endemic cycad species. Local biologists introduced a voracious beetle predator to the island to eat the scale insects, but the plant damage by the pest has persisted.

"We began looking into the reasons that the beetle was failing to control the pest, and discovered that the pest could crawl between the plant's trichomes to reach its feeding sites," said UOG Professor Thomas Marler. Trichomes are what biologists call the hairs that can be found on many plant leaves and stems. Unfortunately, the much larger beetle predator could not make the same journey through the trichomes to feed on the scale insects that were feeding on the plant beneath the trichomes.

Plant hairs serve several functions, and one of those functions is to protect the plant from insects. "The glitch in this situation was that the insect that was excluded by the plant hairs was our beneficial insect that eats the scale pest, and the insect that could just walk straight through the hairs was the very pest we wished to control," said Marler.

Insects that eat plants have adopted numerous strategies to avoid getting eaten. One of those strategies is to co-opt one of the tactics that plants effectively use to avoid getting eaten. For example, plants produce a plethora of chemicals that taste bad or serve as a poison to herbivores. These chemicals are effective in deterring the feeding of most general insect herbivores. A well-studied practice by some specialist insects is their predilection to consume these plant poisons, sequester those poisons into parts of their body, then exploit the poisons for their own protection.

"Here we find another example of how an herbivore insect can be confronted with a plant's behavior that helps reduce the likelihood of being eaten, then take advantage of that behavior by using it for the same purpose," said Marler. This particular plant-pest-predator relationship has drawn the attention of biologists in the Western Pacific Tropical Research Center at the University of Guam because this pest is threatening cycad populations in other countries. Lessons learned on Guam may benefit cycad conservationists in those other countries. Marler's research appears in the November issue of the journal Plant Signaling and Behavior.


'/>"/>

Contact: Olympia Terral
olympia.uog@gmail.com
University of Guam
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Plants cut the mustard for basic discoveries in metabolism
2. Newly discovered plant structure may lead to improved biofuel processing
3. How plants sense gravity -- a new look at the roles of genetics and the cytoskeleton
4. FASEB SRC announces conference registration open for: Mechanisms in Plant Development Conference
5. Plant scientists at CSHL demonstrate new means of boosting maize yields
6. Can plants be altruistic? You bet, says new CU-Boulder-led study
7. Confirmed: How plant communities endure stress
8. USDA grant advancing deadly plant disease, insect research
9. Breakthrough: How salt stops plant growth
10. Plants adapt to drought but limits are looming, study finds
11. How the protein transport machinery in the chloroplasts of higher plants developed
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Pest uses plant hairs for protection
(Date:2/3/2016)... , February 4, 2016 --> ... to SEK 1,351.5 M (105.0), up 1,187% compared with fourth quarter of ... amounted to SEK 517.6 M (loss: 30.0). Earnings per share ... activities was SEK 537.4 M (neg: 74.7). , ... , Revenues amounted to SEK 2,900.5 M (233.6), up 1,142% compared with ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... YORK , Feb. 2, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... facilities are primarily focused on medical screening ... measure point-of-care parameters. Wearable devices that facilitate ... user,s freedom of movement are being bolstered ... for human biomedical signal acquisition coupled with ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2016   Parabon NanoLabs (Parabon) announced ... Research Office and the Defense Forensics and Biometrics ... the company,s Snapshot Kinship Inference software ... generally, defense-related DNA forensics.  Although Snapshot is best ... and ancestry from DNA evidence), it also has ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... -- Spherix Incorporated (Nasdaq: SPEX ) -- an intellectual property development ... property, today provided an update on the Company,s cases ... Texas and announcing that those ... Re-examination ("IPR") proceedings that VTech and Uniden filed ... on only certain claims of two of the patents ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... Feb. 3, 2016   ViaCyte, Inc ., ... first pluripotent stem cell-derived islet replacement therapy for ... development, today announced that ViaCyte and Janssen Biotech, ... Johnson & Johnson, have agreed to consolidate the ... The agreement provides ViaCyte with an exclusive license ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... , Feb. 3, 2016 New ... more than $1 million for researchers in ... on health-related research that demonstrates exciting potential.   ... of funding for the New Jersey Health Foundation Research ... members at these educational institutions— Princeton University, Rutgers ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... -- Silk Therapeutics, Inc., today announced the closing of a $6 ... a total of $10.25 million in Series A funding based ... round was led by existing investor The Kraft Group of ... investors Lear Corporation and Highland Consumer Partners, as well as ... Richard Sackler , MD, with Summer Road, LLC; Erin ...
Breaking Biology Technology: