Navigation Links
Perceived benefits of e-cigarettes may lead to higher experimentation rates
Date:1/7/2014

Ann Arbor, MI, January 7, 2014 Despite years of anti-smoking education and legislation, tobacco use still remains an important public health issue in the United States. In 2010, 25.2% of all adults and 35.6% of young adults reported current tobacco use. While anti-tobacco efforts continue across the county, the introduction of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has been marketed as a less harmful alternative to cigarettes and also as a smoking cessation aid.

E-cigarettes supply nicotine through inhaled water vapor. While the addictiveness and long-term effects of using e-cigarettes as a nicotine delivery system are unknown, many people anecdotally believe that they are safer than traditional tobacco products. According to a new study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, the belief that e-cigarettes pose less of a health risk may lead to increased experimentation with e-cigarettes among young adults.

Investigators from the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota looked at whether or not there was a relationship between perceived notions about the harmfulness of e-cigarettes relative to cigarettes and subsequent e-cigarette use among young adults. Investigators surveyed 1379 participants from the Minnesota Adolescent Community Cohort who had never used e-cigarettes. The initial baseline survey explored their opinions about e-cigarettes and their effect on health relative to cigarettes or their usefulness as an aid to stop smoking. Then, a follow-up survey conducted one year later asked participants if they had experimented with e-cigarettes.

"Participants who agreed e-cigarettes can help people quit smoking and those who agreed that e-cigarettes are less harmful than cigarettes were more likely than those who did not agree to subsequently report experimenting with e-cigarettes. These associations did not vary by gender or smoking status," says study lead author Kelvin Choi, PhD.

Specifically, the follow-up study found that 7.4% of participants who had never used an e-cigarette at baseline reported subsequently using an e-cigarette, with 21.6% among baseline current smokers, 11.9% among baseline former smokers, and 2.9% among baseline nonsmokers reporting use.

"The study showed that 2.9% of baseline nonsmokers in this U.S. regional sample of young adults reported ever using e-cigarettes at follow-up, suggesting an interest in e-cigarettes among nonsmoking young adults," explains Dr. Choi. "This is problematic because young adults are still developing their tobacco use behaviors, and e-cigarettes may introduce young adults to tobacco use, or promote dual use of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products."

While the risks associated with long-term e-cigarette use are largely unknown, recent studies suggest that they can significantly increase plasma nicotine levels, which means they are potentially as addictive as cigarettes. "This study also suggested that about 12% of former young adults smokers at baseline were re-introduced to nicotine through e-cigarettes. Future prospective studies including adults of all ages are needed to confirm these finding related to e-cigarette use among nonsmokers and former smokers, and to determine the role of e-cigarettes on relapse of smoking," adds Dr. Choi.

This link between beliefs about e-cigarettes and subsequent experimentation can be used to guide future anti-nicotine and anti-smoking campaigns that encompass the new technology of e-cigarettes. "Understanding the specific beliefs that predict subsequent e-cigarette experimentation allows us to focus on these beliefs when designing public health messages," concludes Dr. Choi. "Results from this study suggest that messages about the lack of evidence on e-cigarettes being cessation aids, and the uncertainty of the risks associated with e-cigarette use may discourage young adults, particularly young adult nonsmokers and former smokers, from experimenting with e-cigarettes."


'/>"/>

Contact: Angela J. Beck
ajbeck@umich.edu
734-764-8775
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Many stressors associated with fracking due to perceived lack of trust, Pitt finds
2. National survey highlights perceived importance of dietary protein to prevent weight gain
3. Gene therapy for human skin disease produces long-term benefits
4. Big data project reveals where carbon-stocking projects in Africa provide the greatest benefits
5. Nitric Oxide Supplements Website Nitro Solution Posts New Article about the Benefits of Amlodipine
6. For obese teen girls, aerobic exercise may trump resistance training in health benefits
7. Health benefits of wild blueberries abound: Study
8. Mutual benefits: Stressed-out trees boost sugary rewards to ant defenders
9. New research on potential avocado health benefits presented at International Congress of Nutrition
10. Carbon farming schemes should consider multiple cobenefits
11. Worlds scientists, researchers and nutrition experts convene to explore the benefits of mushrooms
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... India , February 10, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... --> According to 2016 iris recognition ... identification iris recognition is more widely accepted ... available with both fingerprint and iris recognition ... the user to avoid purchasing two individual ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 4, 2016 The field of Human ... the most popular hubs of the biotechnology industry. ... huge studies of human microbiota, have garnered a ... the microbiome space has literally exploded in terms ... This report focuses on biomedical aspects of research, ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2, 2016  BioMEMS devices deployed in ... on medical screening and diagnostic applications, such ... devices that facilitate and assure continuous monitoring ... are being bolstered through new opportunities offered ... acquisition coupled with wireless connectivity and low ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016  Allergan plc (NYSE: AGN ) a ... Saunders , Allergan,s CEO and President, will be featured ... at the RBC Capital Markets Healthcare Conference on Tuesday, ... New York Palace Hotel in New York, ... and can be accessed on Allergan,s Investor Relations web ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... expansion to their comprehensive training and support program, Sonalinkā„¢ remote monitoring. The inaugural ... procedures performed on Friday, February 5th, connecting Dr. Samuel Peretsman to a HIFU ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... 09, 2016 , ... Creation Technologies, leading global provider of ... Customer Rating Award from Circuits Assembly , today announced its milestone achievement of ... Mexico and China. , The EMS provider, known in the EMS industry for ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Clinovo , the cloud-based eClinical software ... Capture (EDC) system ClinCaptureand its new Contract Research Organization (CRO) Partner Program ... San Mateo, California on February 10th and 11th. Watch 2-min video . ...
Breaking Biology Technology: