Navigation Links
Penn researchers grow liquid crystal 'flowers' that can be used as lenses
Date:12/20/2013

g changes in the patterns of defects on the surface of the liquid crystal resting on top of them. In another experiment, they showed they could make a "hula hoop" of defects around individual posts, which would then act as a second template for a ring of defects at the surface.

In their latest work, the researchers used a much simpler cue.

"Before we were growing these liquid crystals on something like a trellis, a template with precisely ordered features," Kamien said. "Here, we're just planting a seed."

The seed, in this case, were silica beads essentially, polished grains of sand. Planted at the top of a pool of liquid crystal flower-like patterns of defects grow around each bead.

The key difference between the template in this experiment and ones in the research team's earlier work was the shape of the interface between the template and the liquid crystal.

In their experiment that generated grid patterns of defects, those patterns stemmed from cues generated by the templates' microposts. Domains of elastic energy originated on the flat tops and edges of these posts and travelled up the liquid crystal's layers, culminating in defects. Using a bead instead of a post, as the researchers did in their latest experiment, makes it so that the interface is no longer flat.

"Not only is the interface at an angle, it's an angle that keeps changing," Kamien said. "The way the liquid crystal responds to that is that it makes these petal-like shapes at smaller and smaller sizes, trying to match the angle of the bead until everything is flat."

Surface tension on the bead also makes it so these petals are arranged in a tiered, convex fashion. And because the liquid crystal can interact with light, the entire assembly can function as a lens, focusing light to a point underneath the bead.

"It's like an insect's compound eye, or the mirrors on the biggest telescopes," said Kamien. "As we lear
'/>"/>

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Study by UC Santa Barbara researchers suggests that bacteria communicate by touch
2. UC Santa Barbara researchers discover genetic link between visual pathways of hydras and humans
3. Researchers attempt to solve problems of antibiotic resistance and bee deaths in one
4. UNH researchers find African farmers need better climate change data to improve farming practices
5. Ottawa researchers to lead world-first clinical trial of stem cell therapy for septic shock
6. Researchers uncover molecular pathway through which common yeast becomes fungal pathogen
7. Researchers print live cells with a standard inkjet printer
8. Columbia Engineering and Penn researchers increase speed of single-molecule measurements
9. Researchers reveal how a single gene mutation leads to uncontrolled obesity
10. Researchers discover novel therapy for Crohns disease
11. New paper by Notre Dame researchers describes method for cleaning up nuclear waste
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Penn researchers grow liquid crystal 'flowers' that can be used as lenses
(Date:12/11/2014)... 2014 Research and Markets ... ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/twhjll/biometrics_market ) has announced the addition of ... 2015-2019"  report to their offering. ... advances in technology. With continuous advances in technology, ... the latest standard that meets the needs and ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... You,ve been here before: you desperately need to sign into ... key or the answer to your secret question. What,s your ... Today, Hoyos Labs , a digital infrastructure security ... an end to the frustration that comes with usernames, passwords ... a user,s smartphone to acquire his or her biometrics to ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... --Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/xclcvw/biometrics_market ) ... Market in Japan 2014-2018" report to their ... The integration of biometrics and smart ... upgradation of the driver,s license is one of ... the aforementioned projects, biometrics is being used as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biometrics Market in the APAC Region 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3Biometrics Market in Japan 2014-2018: Key Vendors are DDS, Fujitsu, Hitachi and NEC 2
... provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and ... study in Reproductive BioMedicine Online ... male couples and single men when using assisted reproduction ... single men using assisted reproduction assistance to have a ...
... an emerging treatment that aims to fight colorectal cancer ... the ESMO 15th World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer. ... called MGN1703 and suggest it may be possible to ... the treatment, reported Prof Hans-Joachim Schmoll from Martin Luther ...
... weeding out the bacteria that form the base of ... according to a new study. In climate change, ... atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and temperature rise globally, scientists ... which will perish in the environment of tomorrow. ...
Cached Biology News:Reproductive BioMedicine Online publishes study on assisted reproduction 2Immune-boosting colorectal cancer drug shows promise 2Greenhouse gas likely altering ocean foodchain 2
(Date:12/24/2014)... December 23, 2014 “Preparative & ... HPLC, Flash), Consumables (Columns, Solvents, Buffers, Valves, Guages, ... & Agriculture) - Forecasts to 2019” provides a ... opportunities, current market trends, and strategies impacting the ... estimates and forecasts of the revenue and share ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 23, 2014 On Friday, December ... 83, the Omnibus and Continuing Resolution Appropriations Act ... hydrocephalus a condition eligible to receive funding through ... by the Department of Defense (DoD). The Hydrocephalus ... on Capitol Hill, is celebrating this victory for ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... report expects global cell isolation and expansion market to ... carefully analyzed data about the vital drivers, restraints, trends, ... Copy of Report @ http://bit.ly/1yUxy0T , According ... will keep witnessing growth at an impressive CAGR during ... by rapid technological advancements, government funding and investments, and ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 23, 2014 PharmaBoardroom,s new ... today and available for free download , digs deep ... and growth in the sector today. One area ... has been in developing a homegrown pharmaceutical manufacturing base, even ... still remains some way off. A cursory comparison with neighboring ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 2Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 4Rare Brain Condition Now Eligible for Department of Defense Research Dollars 2The Cell Expansion Market is Expected to Reach $14.8 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2The Cell Expansion Market is Expected to Reach $14.8 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3PharmaBoardroom Releases New Algeria Pharmaceuticals Report 2PharmaBoardroom Releases New Algeria Pharmaceuticals Report 3
... SOMERSET, N.J., Oct. 4 Alfacell Corporation,(Nasdaq: ACEL ... chief financial officer and corporate secretary, will present an,overview ... PDT on,Oct. 11th, at BIO InvestorForum 2007 at the ... Webcast of the presentation will be available on,Alfacell,s Web ...
... Kendle (Nasdaq: KNDL ), a,leading, global full-service ... Operating Officer Christopher C. Bergen,will participate in the ... held at The Carlton on Madison Avenue in ... scheduled for Monday, Oct. 8 at,2:15 p.m. Eastern ...
... announced today that it has entered into a ... Cancer (IRIC) of the Universite de,Montreal. This collaboration, ... by Sigma-Aldrich, will leverage Sigma,s RNA,Interference (RNAi) technologies ... Sigma-Aldrich and the Universite de Montreal have ...
Cached Biology Technology:Alfacell to Present at BIO InvestorForum 2007 2Kendle to Present at the Natixis Bleichroeder Hidden Gems Conference 2Sigma-Aldrich and the Universite de Montreal Establish Collaboration for RNA Interference Studies 2
Umbilical cord blood CD14+ Monocytes, For immunohistochemistry (IHC) Cell Chip with Human Umbilical Cord Blood Monocytes, B Cells and NK Cells...
Umbilical cord blood basophils, For immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
Human peripheral blood neutrophils, For immunohistochemistry (IHC) Cell Chip with Human Peripheral Blood Granulocytes...
Human peripheral blood CD14+ monocytes, For immunohistochemistry (IHC) Cell Chip with Human Peripheral Blood Monocytes, B Cells, NK Cells and Stem Cells...
Biology Products: