Navigation Links
Participaton 'important for healthy marine parks'
Date:2/22/2010

The involvement of locals is a key ingredient in the success of marine parks which protect coral reefs and fish stocks.

The largest-scale study to date of how coastal communities influence successful outcomes in marine reserves has found that human population pressure was a critical factor in whether or not a reserve succeeded in protecting marine resources but so too was local involvement in research and management.

The team looked at how successful coral reef marine reserves were at conserving fish stocks. They studied 56 marine reserves from 19 different countries throughout Asia, the Indian Ocean, and the Caribbean.

"About of the marine reserves we studied showed a positive difference in the amount of fish inside compared to outside so most reserves we studied were working" says Dr Josh Cinner of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and James Cook University

"However, the differences weren't always large. The most successful reserves showed really big differences of 14 times the amount of fish inside compared to outside, but that wasn't always the case.

"What we were most interested in, was understanding what made some reserves more successful than others. One of the best predictors of how 'successful' a marine reserve was, is actually the size of the human communities around the reserve but interestingly, this varied in different regions.

"In the Indian Ocean, for example, where reserves are government-controlled and moderate in size (around six square kilometres on average), having lots of people nearby had a positive effect. But this could be because marine resources outside the reserve are heavily degraded, accentuating the healthier state of those inside the reserve.

"In the Caribbean, we found the opposite. Large human populations near reserves led to poor performance of the reserve which may be due to low compliance or poor enforcement in marine parks near population centers," Dr Cinner said.

The other key ingredient for a successful marine reserve was the level of poaching in the reserve. But importantly, the team found that compliance with reserve rules was not just related to the level of enforcement, but also to a range of social, political, and economic factors which enabled people to co-operate better in protecting their marine resources. Reserves worked best where there was a formal consultation processes about reserve rules, where local people were able to participate in monitoring the reserve, and when ongoing training for community members was provided so that they could better understand the science and policy.

"It was clear that this type of local involvement was a very important factor in building the local support necessary to make reserves successful. Park agencies need to foster conditions that enable people to work together to protect their local environment, voluntarily, rather than focusing purely on regulations and patrols.

"Enforcement will almost always be an important part of a successful reserve, but there is a lot of ocean out there to patrol and many of the places we studied were poor, developing countries which don't have the luxury of being able to invest in lots of patrol boats.

The team's report appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) in a paper entitled "Marine reserves as linked socialecological systems" by Richard Pollnac, Patrick Christie, Joshua E. Cinner, Tracey Dalton, Tim M. Daw, Graham E. Forrester, Nicholas A. J. Graham, and Timothy R. McClanahan.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Joshua Cinner
Joshua.Cinner@jcu.edu.au
805-452-3625
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Scientists unlock mystery in important photosynthesis step
2. New genome sequence will aid study of important food, fuel crops
3. Nutrition services, prevention important in nutrition care for special health needs
4. Researchers correct the record about behavior of important human protein tied to cancer
5. New genetic map will speed up plant breeding of the worlds most important medicinal crop
6. Punishment important in plant-pollinator relationship
7. ISWA calls attention to important contribution of waste sector to reduce substantial CO2 emissions
8. Reference genome of maize, most important US crop, is published by team co-led by CSHL scientists
9. New computer simulation helps explain folding in important cellular protein
10. Study by NTU professors provides important insight into apoptosis or programmed cell death
11. Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC scientists identify enzyme important in aging
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/22/2017)... 2017 With the biometrics market to ... four technologies that innovative and agile startups must ... in the changing competitive landscape: multifactor authentication (MFA), ... "Companies can no longer afford to ... Dimitrios Pavlakis , Industry Analyst at ABI ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... 2017 Der weltweite Biobanking-Sektor wird ... einem Gespräch mit mehr als 50 Vertretern aus verschiedenen Branchen ... gilt, um diese Prognose zu realisieren. ... Zu den ... finanziellen Mittel für die Biobank, die Implementierung Zeit sparender ...
(Date:2/14/2017)... WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. , Feb. 14, 2017  Wake ... FRY-shlog), M.D., as its new chief executive officer (CEO). ... succeeds CEO John D. McConnell , M.D., who ... new position at the Medical Center, after leading it ... oversee the full scope of Wake Forest Baptist,s academic ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017   Sienna Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. , a ... announced that Richard Peterson will join the ... Peterson, who brings more than two decades of ... who is retiring at the end of April but ... Peterson joins Sienna from Novan, Inc., where he served ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... The Global Market for Bioproducts Should ... at a CAGR of 8.9%, This research ... into seven major product segments: bio-derived chemicals, biofuels, pharmaceuticals (biodrugs ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017  BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: ... the dermatology market, today reported financial results for ... and will provide an update on the company,s ... "We are pleased to report that ... BioPharmX," said President Anja Krammer. "We achieved key ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... According to a report by Transparency Market Research (TMR), ... the presence of a large pool of participants; however, only a ... Sigma-Aldrich, compete with each other in this market. With Proliant being ... of this market in 2016.  ... As of now, a large number of vendors are ...
Breaking Biology Technology: