Navigation Links
Paradise found for Latin America's largest land mammal
Date:1/22/2013

NEW YORK (January 22, 2012) Wildlife Conservation Society scientists have documented a thriving population of lowland tapirs the strange forest and grassland-dwelling herbivore with the trunk-like snout living in a network of remote national parks spanning the Peru-Bolivia border.

Using a combination of camera traps, along with interviews with park guards and subsistence hunters, WCS estimates at least 14,500 lowland tapirs in the region. The population bridges five connected national parks in northwest Bolivia and southeastern Peru.

The WCS findings were described in the December issue of the journal Integrative Zoology. Authors include Robert Wallace, Guido Ayala, and Maria Viscara of WCS's Greater Madidi-Tambopata Landscape Program.

The study synthesizes 12 years of research on lowland tapirs in the region. Together with WCS studies on jaguars, the results underscore the importance of this protected area complex for the conservation of Latin America's most charismatic terrestrial wildlife species.

"The Madidi-Tambopata landscape is estimated to hold a population of at least 14,500 lowland tapirs making it one of the most important strongholds for lowland tapir conservation in the continent," said the study's lead author Robert Wallace. "These results underline the fundamental importance of protected areas for the conservation of larger species of wildlife threatened by hunting and habitat loss."

The lowland tapir is the largest terrestrial mammal in South America, weighing up to 300 kg (661 pounds). Its unusual prehensile proboscis or snout is used to reach leaves and fruit. Tapirs are found throughout tropical forests and grasslands in South America. However, they are threatened by habitat loss and especially unsustainable hunting due to their large size, low reproductive rate (1 birth every 2-3 years), and ease of detection at mineral licks in the rainforest. Lowland tapirs are considered Vulnerable by the IUCN.

WCS collected and systematized 1,255 lowland tapir distribution records in the region. These records came from research observations and camera trap photographs as well as interviews with park guards of Madidi, Piln Lajas and Apolobamba National Parks in Bolivia, and Bahuaja Sonene and Tambopata National Parks in neighboring Peru, and subsistence hunters from 19 Takana and Tsimane' communities.

Camera trap data revealed that lowland tapir abundance was higher at sites under protection than sites outside protected areas. At one site sampled over time, the Tuichi River, camera trapping has revealed that lowland tapir populations have been recovering following the creation of Madidi National Park in 1995. Prior to the creation of the park, loggers had hunted heavily in this area.

Madidi National Park contains 11 percent of the world's birds, more than 200 species of mammals, 300 types of fish, and 12,000 plant varieties. The 19,000 square-kilometer (7,335 square mile) park is known for its array of altitudinal gradients and habitats from lowland tropical forests of the Amazon to snow-capped peaks of the High Andes.

Working with government partners in Bolivia and Peru, the Greater Madidi-Tambopata Landscape Conservation Program aims to develop local capacity to conserve the landscape and mitigate a variety of threats to biodiversity and wildlife including lowland tapirs, including road construction, logging, unsustainable natural resource use, and agricultural expansion.

Julie Kunen, WCS Director of Latin America and Caribbean Programs said: "WCS commends our government and indigenous partners for their commitment to the Madidi-Tambopata Landscape. Their dedication is clearly paying off with well-managed protected areas and more wildlife."


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephen Sautner
ssautner@wcs.org
718-220-3682
Wildlife Conservation Society
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Trouble in paradise: Does nature worship harm the environment?
2. Kessler Foundation implements Ekso Bionics first commercial robotic exoskeleton
3. Hiding in plain sight, new frog species found in New York City
4. Genetic variation in East Asians found to explain resistance to cancer drugs
5. Circadian rhythms have profound influence on metabolic output, UCI study reveals
6. 1 solution to global overfishing found
7. Genetic mutation found in familial chronic diarrhea syndrome
8. Mechanism found connecting metastatic breast cancer and arthritis
9. Newly found protein helps cells build tissues
10. Renowned geneticist R. Rodney Howell receives ACMG Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award
11. John A. Kaufman named 2012 Dotter Lecturer by Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Paradise found for Latin America's largest land mammal
(Date:1/12/2017)...  Trovagene, Inc. (NASDAQ: TROV ), a ... that it has signed agreements with seven strategic partners ... Middle East for commercialization of the ... wave of international distribution agreements for Trovagene,s CLIA based ... The initial partners will introduce Trovagene,s liquid biopsy ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... -- Michael Johnson, co-founder of Visikol Inc. a company originally funded with ... to the elite "Forbes 30 Under 30" list in the Science ... 20 fields nationwide to be recognized as a leader in business ... ... a PhD candidate at Rutgers University. Visikol ...
(Date:1/4/2017)... thousands of attendees at this year,s International Consumer Electronics Show (CES), ... devices and services, will be featuring its new line of ULTRA CONNECT ... special CES Exhibit Suite , the new upper arm and wrist smart ... product platform.  Continue Reading ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/11/2017)... ... January 11, 2017 , ... ... Research show early promise of the investigational anti-cancer agent tucatinib (formerly ONT-380) against ... previous treatment regimens. Twenty-seven percent of these heavily pretreated patients saw clinical benefit ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... , ... January 11, 2017 , ... ... year and costing healthcare systems more than $23.7 billion, healthcare systems are ... , Among the most common sepsis-causing pathogens are bacteria and the yeast ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... ... 11, 2017 , ... Symbios Technologies, Inc., a ... Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded Symbios a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) ... the Symbios Tubular Plasma Reactor™ (TPR™) by scaling the system for first customer ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... 11, 2017  GenVec, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... today that its chief scientific officer, Douglas ...  "AdenoVerse™ platform for translational development of innovative gene ... the upcoming Phacilitate Cell & Gene Therapy World ... Florida.  Dr. Brough,s presentation will highlight the utility ...
Breaking Biology Technology: