Navigation Links
Paddlefish sensors tuned to detect signals from zooplankton prey
Date:1/5/2012

In 1997, scientists at the Center for Neurodynamics at the University of Missouri - St. Louis demonstrated that special sensors covering the elongated snout of paddlefish are electroreceptors that help the fish detect prey by responding to the weak voltage gradients that swimming zooplankton create in the surrounding water. Now some of the same researchers have found that the electroreceptors contain oscillators, which generate rhythmical firing of electrosensory neurons. The oscillators allow the electroreceptors to create a dynamical code to most effectively respond to electrical signals emitted naturally by zooplankton. The results are presented in a paper appearing in the AIP's journal Chaos.

To test the response of paddlefish electroreceptors to different stimuli, the researchers recorded signals from electrosensory neurons of live fish, while applying weak electric fields to the water in the form of computer-generated artificial stimuli or signals obtained previously from swimming zooplankton. The team then analyzed the power contained in different frequency ranges for the noisy input signals and the corresponding electroreceptor responses, and compared the two. In addition to finding that the paddlefish sensors best encode the signals emitted by zooplankton, the team also found that as the strength of the input signal was raised, the firing of the fish's sensory neurons transitioned from a steady beat to a noisy pattern of intermittent bursts. This bursting pattern became synchronized across different groups of electroreceptors, increasing the likelihood of the signal reaching higher-order neurons. This provides a plausible mechanism to explain how reliable information about the nearness of prey is transferred to the fish's brain, the researchers write.


'/>"/>
Contact: Catherine Meyers
cmeyers@aip.org
301-209-3088
American Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Sturgeon, paddlefish scientists from North America to meet Aug. 31-Sept. 2 in Montana
2. Microneedle sensors may allow real-time monitoring of body chemistry
3. Improved characterization of nanoparticle clusters for EHS and biosensors research
4. DigitalPersona Goes Mobile with New U.are.U 5100 Fingerprint Sensors for Battery-Powered Mobile ID Devices
5. Nanosensors made from DNA may light path to new cancer tests and drugs
6. New sensors streamline detection of estrogenic compounds
7. Navy, Marine Corps tests autonomous zero-power bathythermograph sensors
8. Nanowire-based sensors offer improved detection of volatile organic compounds
9. First miniature sensors to measure the temperature of the world’s oceans
10. National Biophotonic Sensors and Systems Center announced
11. MU researchers use motion sensors to determine equine lameness
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar 24, 2017 Research and Markets ... System Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" ... ... grow at a CAGR of around 15.1% over the next decade ... industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for all the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their ... The ... CAGR of around 8.8% over the next decade to reach approximately ... the market estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... March 21, 2017 Optimove , ... by retailers such as 1-800-Flowers and AdoreMe, today ... Recommendations and Replenishment. Using Optimove,s machine learning algorithms, ... product and replenishment recommendations to their customers based ... predictions of customer intent drawn from a complex ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Bacterial biofilms, surface adherent communities of bacteria that are encased ... food poisoning and catheter infections to gum disease and the rejection of medical implants. ... dollars per year, there is currently a paucity of means for preventing their formation ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 22, 2017 , ... ... today that it is exhibiting in booth B2 at the Association for ... May 22-25. , In addition to demonstrating its Cancer Diagnostic Cockpit and ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... May 18, 2017 , ... Dr. Ralph ... at the Prince Of Wales Private Hospital. The procedure was performed on a ... patient failed conservative treatments prior to undergoing surgery. , The AxioMed viscoelastic disc ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... May 17, 2017 , ... Cognition Corporation ... has just released version 9.0 of the Cognition Cockpit platform. , “Our whole ... says David Cronin, CEO of Cognition. “We’re thrilled to finally be able to ...
Breaking Biology Technology: