Navigation Links
Ozone levels have sizeable impact on worker productivity
Date:12/18/2012

December 18, 2012 -- Researchers in the Department of Health Policy and Management at Columbia's Mailman School of Public Health assessed the impact of pollution on agricultural worker productivity using daily variations in ozone levels. Their results show that ozone, even at levels below current air-quality standards in most parts of the world, has significant negative impacts on worker productivity. Their findings suggest that environmental protection is important for promoting economic growth and investing in human capital in contrast to its common portrayal as a tax on producers. Results of the study are published in the American Economic Review.

Ozone pollution continues to be a pervasive global issue with much debate over optimal levels. While policy makers routinely note that regulating ozone smog leads to many health benefits like reduced hospitalizations and mortality rates, Matthew Neidell, PhD, associate professor at the Mailman School and principal investigator, set out to investigate whether lower air pollution might also affect job performance. Until this research, there had been no systematic evidence on the direct impact of pollution on worker productivity.

The researchers found that a 10 ppb (parts per billion) change in average ozone exposure results in a significant 5.5 percent change in agricultural worker productivity. "These estimates are particularly noteworthy as the U.S. EPA is currently moving in the direction of reducing federal ground-level ozone standards," said Dr.Neidell, PhD. This past September President Obama said he would not support a proposal by the Environmental Protection Agency to tighten the federal ozone standard because it would pose too heavy a burden on businesses, which stunned public health experts and environmentalists.

Dr. Neidell also points out that in developing countries where environmental regulations are less strict and agriculture plays a more dominant role in the economy, the effects reported here may have a vast detrimental impact on a country's prosperity.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. University of Illinois receives grant to study ozone resistance in corn
2. Ozones impact on soybean yield: Reducing future losses
3. Houston Clean Air Network offering real-time online ozone report
4. Ozone treated water v. lethal microbial material
5. Declining air pollution levels continue to improve life expectancy in US
6. New study: Many flame retardants in house dust -- unsafe levels
7. Prenatal testosterone levels influence later response to reward
8. New genes discovered for adult BMI levels
9. Measuring mercury levels: Nano-velcro detects water-borne toxic metals
10. High levels of DDT in breast milk
11. Climate change could increase levels of avian influenza in wild birds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... 2016 "Increase in mobile transactions is driving ... biometrics market is expected to grow from USD 4.03 ... at a CAGR of 29.3% between 2016 and 2022. ... growing demand for smart devices, government initiatives, and increasing ... component is expected to grow at a high rate ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... According to a new market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition ... Service, Application Area, End User, And Region - Global Forecast to 2021", published ... in 2016 to USD 36.07 Billion by 2021, at a Compound Annual Growth ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ZBH) ... of €500.0 million principal amount of its 1.414% senior unsecured ... 2.425% senior unsecured notes due 2026. The ... 2016, subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions.  The ... The Company intends to use the net ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/16/2017)... , ... January 16, 2017 , ... ... laws precedential publication its decision on the appeal filed by India-based Dishman Pharmaceutical ... breach of contract against DPCL and one of its Dishman Group’s 100% wholly ...
(Date:1/16/2017)... , Jan. 16, 2017  Eurofins Genomics today ... will allow more customers to receive their primers in ... or compromise in quality found with other providers. Express ... United States at no additional fee. ... routine genetic studies, including DNA sequencing, genotyping, site-directed mutagenesis, ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... , Jan 13, 2017 Research and ... Product, Manufacturing, Application - Global Forecast to 2021" report to ... ... 2021 from USD 3.39 Billion in 2016, at a CAGR of ... the basis of product, manufacturing type, and application. Factors such as ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... ... January 13, 2017 , ... ... that it has found among its diverse customer base. The latest entry in ... most brands electroporators including BTX and Bio-Rad. FireflySci is introducing three distinct varieties ...
Breaking Biology Technology: