Navigation Links
Ozone levels have sizeable impact on worker productivity
Date:12/18/2012

December 18, 2012 -- Researchers in the Department of Health Policy and Management at Columbia's Mailman School of Public Health assessed the impact of pollution on agricultural worker productivity using daily variations in ozone levels. Their results show that ozone, even at levels below current air-quality standards in most parts of the world, has significant negative impacts on worker productivity. Their findings suggest that environmental protection is important for promoting economic growth and investing in human capital in contrast to its common portrayal as a tax on producers. Results of the study are published in the American Economic Review.

Ozone pollution continues to be a pervasive global issue with much debate over optimal levels. While policy makers routinely note that regulating ozone smog leads to many health benefits like reduced hospitalizations and mortality rates, Matthew Neidell, PhD, associate professor at the Mailman School and principal investigator, set out to investigate whether lower air pollution might also affect job performance. Until this research, there had been no systematic evidence on the direct impact of pollution on worker productivity.

The researchers found that a 10 ppb (parts per billion) change in average ozone exposure results in a significant 5.5 percent change in agricultural worker productivity. "These estimates are particularly noteworthy as the U.S. EPA is currently moving in the direction of reducing federal ground-level ozone standards," said Dr.Neidell, PhD. This past September President Obama said he would not support a proposal by the Environmental Protection Agency to tighten the federal ozone standard because it would pose too heavy a burden on businesses, which stunned public health experts and environmentalists.

Dr. Neidell also points out that in developing countries where environmental regulations are less strict and agriculture plays a more dominant role in the economy, the effects reported here may have a vast detrimental impact on a country's prosperity.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. University of Illinois receives grant to study ozone resistance in corn
2. Ozones impact on soybean yield: Reducing future losses
3. Houston Clean Air Network offering real-time online ozone report
4. Ozone treated water v. lethal microbial material
5. Declining air pollution levels continue to improve life expectancy in US
6. New study: Many flame retardants in house dust -- unsafe levels
7. Prenatal testosterone levels influence later response to reward
8. New genes discovered for adult BMI levels
9. Measuring mercury levels: Nano-velcro detects water-borne toxic metals
10. High levels of DDT in breast milk
11. Climate change could increase levels of avian influenza in wild birds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/7/2017)...   MedNet Solutions , an innovative SaaS-based eClinical ... research, is pleased to announce that the latest release ... flexible and award winning eClinical solution, is now available ... is a proven Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) clinical research technology platform ... also delivers an entire suite of eClinical tools to ...
(Date:2/6/2017)... -- According to Acuity Market Intelligence, ongoing concerns ... continue to embrace biometric and digital identification based ... Control (ABC) eGates and 1436 Automated Passport Control ... ports of entry across the globe. Deployments increased ... CAGR of 37%. APC Kiosks reached 75% growth ...
(Date:2/2/2017)... Fla. , Feb. 2, 2017   ... a clinical-stage immuno-oncology company specializing in the development ... for the treatment of cancer and metastatic disease, ... scale-up and GMP manufacturing of a second clinical ... vaccine targeting folate receptor alpha. The manufactured vaccine ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/21/2017)... , ... February 21, 2017 , ... ... transformative design and manufacturing solutions for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) , today announced ... marks Creation Technologies’ third consecutive year winning in its category of electronics manufacturing ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... 2017 Scientists From Two Companies ... Plastic Industry  ... STEER, creator of advanced materials platform ... fields of plastics, pharmaceuticals, food and nutraceuticals, biomaterials and biorefining, ... science & technology company, on creating co-rotating twin screw ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... BIOA ) announced today that Jean-Francois Huc ... COO, has been named President, effective immediately.  In ... overseen the construction, start-up and operation of the manufacturing plant in ... JV.  Fabrice has also been extensively involved in the negotiations with ... ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... ... February 20, 2017 , ... Cancer ... “Crosswalk Insight: Oncology™” (Crosswalk), a unique precision medicine knowledge visualization and decision support ... accessed through Inspirata’s diagnostic cockpit and is downloadable as an app for any ...
Breaking Biology Technology: