Navigation Links
Oxygen levels increase and decrease the effectiveness of anti-inflammatory therapies
Date:12/2/2013

Bethesda, MDA new research discovery published in the December 2013 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology yields an important clue toward helping curb runaway inflammation. Oxygen levels play a critical role in determining the severity of the inflammatory response and ultimately the effectiveness of anti-inflammatory drugs. This research could have significant future benefits for patients with severe asthma, COPD, rheumatoid arthritis, pulmonary fibrosis and coronary artery disease.

According to John Marwick from the MRC Centre for Inflammation Research at The Queen's Medical Research Institute at the University of Edinburgh Medical School in Edinburgh, Scotland, and a researcher involved in the work, "Inflammatory diseases contribute to countless deaths and suffering of people. We hope that by understanding the processes involved in inflammation we will herald the arrival of new and targeted anti-inflammatory drugs that have fewer side effects than what is currently available."

To make this discovery, researchers isolated neutrophils, the immune cells that are responsible for acute inflammation, from the blood of healthy volunteers and incubated them in different levels of oxygen. They then added substances that are usually present at sites of inflammation in humans, both with and without anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid drugs and studied what effect these factors had on neutrophil lifespan. They found that the oxygen levels altered the effectiveness of the drugs, which suggests that these drugs may be less effective for some diseases than they are for others. Future areas of research include developing a deeper understanding of exactly how these drugs work under different conditions to ultimately help with development of new, better tolerated anti-inflammatory therapies.

"This report may shed light on why some people respond better to anti-inflammatory drugs than others, and it suggests that a one size fits all strategy to anti-inflammatory drugs may be overly simplistic. This work could be a foundation to identifying ways to tailor anti-inflammatory agents to specifically treat different diseases," said John Wherry, Ph.D., Deputy Editor of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology.


'/>"/>

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
cmooneyhan@faseb.org
301-634-7104
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Oxygen, phosphorous and early life on Earth
2. Studies in Cell Transplantation investigate oxygens impact as a factor in transplantation
3. Low oxygen levels may decrease life-saving protein in spinal muscular atrophy
4. How bacteria change movement direction in response to oxygen: Molecular interactions unravelled
5. Scientists study the catalytic reactions used by plants to split oxygen from water
6. Diabetes Research Institute develops oxygen-generating biomaterial
7. Low levels of blood calcium in dairy cows may affect cow health and productivity, MU study finds
8. Despite menu changes, calorie and sodium levels in chain restaurant entrees remain the same overall
9. Safe levels of environmental pollution may have long-term health consequences
10. Mercury levels in Pacific fish likely to rise in coming decades
11. Elevated levels of copper in amyloid plaques associated with neurodegeneration in mouse models of AD
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 Crossmatch®, a ... authentication solutions, today announced that it has been ... Research Projects Activity (IARPA) to develop next-generation Presentation ... "Innovation has been a driving force ... program will allow us to innovate and develop ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... , April 6, 2017 ... RFID, ANPR, Document Readers, by End-Use (Transportation & Logistics, ... Facility, Oil, Gas & Fossil Generation Facility, Nuclear Power), ... Educational, Other) Are you looking for a ... sector? ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... 4, 2017   EyeLock LLC , a leader ... United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has issued ... linking of an iris image with a face image ... the company,s 45 th issued patent. ... timely given the multi-modal biometric capabilities that have recently ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... While art and science are often thought of ... one might think. A Mesh Is Also a Snare, a group exhibition presented ... Center’s Esther Klein Gallery (EKG) on August 17 and run through September 30. An ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... STANFORD, Calif. , Aug. 15, 2017 After spending ... resources and support with crowdsourced data collection, GeneFo now offers this ... interested in aligning and amplifying support, adherence, and data collection vis ... with medical foundations mark the successful launch of this offer. ... GeneFo ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... Kenosha, Wisconsin (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 ... ... introduced a new family of 6” modular downlights designed to stay tightly sealed ... applications, including areas where damp and wet location listings just aren't enough, such ...
(Date:8/14/2017)... , ... August 14, 2017 , ... ... essential device-to-computer interconnect using USB or PCI Express, announced the release of SYZYGY™, ... is intended to satisfy the need for a compact, low cost, low pin-count, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: