Navigation Links
Overweight primarily a problem among wealthier women in low- to middle-income countries
Date:11/22/2010

Boston, MA A new study from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) finds that high body mass index (BMI) in developing countries remains primarily a problem of the rich. The findings suggest that the shift towards overweight and obesity among the poor that has already happened in wealthier countries has not yet happened in developing countries.

The study appears in an advance online edition of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition and will appear in an upcoming print edition.

"Previous research on the increasing overweight and obesity burden in developing countries has assumed that the burden is shared by everybody within these countries; however, we found that the social patterning of weight continues to closely resemble the unequal distribution of income and other resources," said S V Subramanian, lead author of the paper and associate professor in the department of society, human development, and health at HSPH.

Subramanian and his colleagues analyzed data from nationally representative samples of 538,140 women ages 15 to 49 drawn from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 54 low- to middle-income countries between 1994 and 2008. They looked at BMI, education, household wealth, and the per capita Gross Domestic Product (pcGDP) from the women's home countries. The researchers found an association between BMI and wealth in every country except Moldova and Kazakhstan. Globally, a 25% increase on the measure of wealth index was associated with a 54% increase in BMI and a 33% increase in overweight. Similar patterns were observed in urban and rural areas within countries. There were no strong associations found between weight and either education or pcGDP.

The researchers theorize that these findings could be due to a number of factors, including that women in higher income groups are more likely to have diets richer in animal fats than lower-income women. Also, cultural norms in developing countries may favor fatty body shapes among wealthier women. Richer women are also less likely than poor women to engage in regular physical labor.

While increasing BMI and overweight prevalence are important public health concerns in many of these countries, their distribution among socioeconomic groups needs to be a central consideration in drafting policies for improving the nutritional status of populations in developing countries, according to the researchers.

"Our findings have serious policy implications," Subramanian said. "If being overweight is primarily concentrated among the rich, should precious public resources be targeted to reducing overweight or should they be devoted to policies that improve nutritional outcomes among the poor?" He added, "The fact that the burden of overweight and underweight is concentrated largely in two distinct socioeconomic groups actually is a good thing from a policy perspective, with the challenge being how to balance the emphasis in terms of priorities."


'/>"/>

Contact: Todd Datz
tdatz@hsph.harvard.edu
617-998-8819
Harvard School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Overweight children have different eating patterns than normal weight children
2. Overweight adults age 70 or older are less likely to die over a 10-year period
3. Overweight middle-aged women cut chances of enjoying healthy old age
4. U of M study identifies risk factors of disordered eating in overweight youth
5. Exercise helps overweight children reduce anger expression
6. Overweight mums have chubby bubs
7. For insulin sensitive overweight patients, 1 session of exercise improves metabolic health
8. Late-preterm babies at greater risk for problems later in childhood
9. E. coli infection linked to long-term health problems
10. E coli infection linked to long-term health problems
11. Study shows brass devices in plumbing systems can create serious lead-in-water problems
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2016)... 2016 --> ... "Automated Fingerprint Identification System Market by Component (Hardware and ... & Finance, Government, Healthcare, and Transportation) and Geography - ... is expected to be worth USD 8.49 Billion by ... and 2020. The transformation and technology evolution from the ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2016 Checkpoint Inhibitors for Cancer – ... Are you interested in the future of cancer ... inhibitors. Visiongain,s report gives those predictions to 2026 ... level. Avoid falling behind in data or ... revenues those emerging cancer therapies can achieve. There ...
(Date:2/1/2016)... 2016  Today, the first day of American Heart ... develop a first of its kind workplace health solution ... In the first application of Watson ... ), and Welltok will create a new offering that ... analytics, delivered on Welltok,s health optimization platform. The effort ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... BERG, a biopharmaceutical company uncovering health ... announced the appointment of Jason Haddock ... Haddock brings to BERG over 20 years of ... senior financial functions at pharmaceutical companies, as well ... Niven R. Narain , BERG,s ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - BIOREM Inc. (TSXV: BRM) ("Biorem" ... ten finalists for clean technology companies in the TSX Venture ... 10 companies listed on the TSX Venture Exchange, in each ... clean technology & life sciences, diversified industries and ... given to return on investment, market cap growth, trading volume ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... 2016  CytRx Corporation (NASDAQ: CYTR ), ... oncology, today announced that it has entered into ... Technology Growth Capital, Inc. and Hercules Technology III, ... --> --> ... financing under the loan and security agreement.  The ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... -- Novan, Inc. today announced that Director Robert A. Ingram ... Novan. In addition, Robert Keegan has been appointed to ... . --> North Carolina . ... total of $32.8 million of net proceeds in a private Mezzanine ... throughout the Research Triangle area of North Carolina ...
Breaking Biology Technology: