Navigation Links
Organic electronics: Imaging defects in solar cells
Date:6/27/2013

Researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have developed a new method for visualizing material defects in thin-film solar cells.

An LMU research team led by Bert Nickel has, for the first time, succeeded in functionally characterizing the active layer in organic thin-film solar cells using laser light for localized excitation of the material. The findings are reported in the scientific journal "Advanced Materials". "We have developed a method in which the material is raster-scanned with a laser, while the focused beam is modulated in different ways, by means of a rotating attenuator for instance. This enables us to map directly the spatial distribution of defects in organic thin films, a feat which has not previously been achieved," explains Christian Westermeier, who is first author of the new study.

Solar cells can convert sunlight into electrical power by exploiting light's capacity to excite molecules, producing free electrons and positively charged "holes". How long it takes for these charge carriers to be extracted by the electrodes is in turn dependent on the detailed structure of the cell's active layer. Defects in the regular arrangement of the atoms act as temporary traps for charge carriers, and thus reduce the size of the usable current that can be produced. The new mapping method allows researchers to detect the changes in current flow associated with localized excitation of defects by laser light. In the utilized experimental geometry a metallic back contact serves as the gating electrode. By applying a voltage to this gate, the traps present in the semiconducting material can be filled or emptied in a controllable manner via the so-called field effect. By modulating the frequency of the laser light the temporal dynamics of trap states can be determined.

The study revealed that in pentacene, an organic semiconductor, the defects tend to be concentrated at certain positions. "It would be interesting to know what is special about the surface layer at these hot spots. What produces defects at these sites? They could be due to chemical contaminants or to irregularities in the alignment of the molecules," says Bert Nickel, who is also a member of the Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), a Cluster of Excellence.

Nickel and his colleagues chose the pentacene for their experiments because it is the most conductive material presently available for the manufacture of organic semiconductors. In the present study, they looked at a thin pentacene layer in which the majority of charge carriers are positively charged holes. In subsequent work, they plan to investigate complete solar cells, which consist of a hole-conducting film in direct contact with an electron-conducting layer.


'/>"/>

Contact: Luise Dirscherl
dirscherl@lmu.de
49-892-180-2706
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Mnchen
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Organic vapors affect clouds leading to previously unidentified climate cooling
2. High performance semiconductor spray paint could be a game changer for organic electronics
3. Organic tomatoes accumulate more vitamin C, sugars than conventionally grown fruit
4. Organic rice research moves to front burner in Texas
5. New protocol recommendations for measuring soil organic carbon sequestration
6. Organic study of live pancreatic tissue yields new opportunities for diabetes research
7. Recyclable electronics: Just add hot water
8. Molecular Imaging Agents: Targets, Technology, Markets, and Commercial Opportunities
9. Texas A&M research contributes to improved ultrasound imaging
10. Genome-wide imaging study identifies new gene associated with Alzheimers plaques
11. In the blink of an eye: X-ray imaging on the attosecond timescale
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/31/2016)... PROVIDENCE, R.I. , March 31, 2016  Genomics ... leadership of founding CEO, Barrett Bready , M.D., ... addition, members of the original technical leadership team, including ... Vice President of Product Development, Steve Nurnberg and Vice ... have returned to the company. Dr. Bready ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... 23, 2016 ... Gesichts- und Stimmerkennung mit Passwörtern     ... MESG ), ein führender Anbieter digitaler ... mit SpeechPro zusammenarbeitet, um erstmals dessen Biometrietechnologie ... die Möglichkeit angeboten, im Rahmen mobiler Apps ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... PROVO and SANDY, Utah ... (NSO), which operates the highest sample volume laboratory in ... Tute Genomics and UNIConnect, leaders in clinical sequencing informatics ... the launch of a project to establish the informatics ... NSO has been contracted by the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... , May 4, 2016 According ... Research "Metabolomics Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, ... market is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of ... million by 2024. Metabolomics is the extensive ... cells, biofluids, tissues or organisms. Together, these small molecules ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... India , May 3, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... (DNA Chip (Genomics, Drug Discovery, Gene Expression) ... End user (Academics Institutes, Diagnostics Centers), Fabrication ... published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected ... from USD 7.63 Billion in 2015, growing ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... Boston, Massachusetts (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 ... ... communities will gather at Boston CEO 2016 on May 31st and June 1st ... off-the-record networking forum for leading executives in the life sciences, offering exclusive access ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... the sensor and data driven conferences, will take place on June 7-8, 2016, at the New ... Vidya Raman-Tangella on incorporating technology -- including AR/VR, machine learning, apps, robotics and AI ...
Breaking Biology Technology: