Navigation Links
Optical Legos: Building nanoshell structures
Date:5/27/2010

HOUSTON -- (May 27, 2010) -- Scientists from four U.S. universities have created a way to use Rice University's light-activated nanoshells as building blocks for 2-D and 3-D structures that could find use in chemical sensors, nanolasers and bizarre light-absorbing metamaterials. Much as a child might use Lego blocks to build 3-D models of complex buildings or vehicles, the scientists are using the new chemical self-assembly method to build complex structures that can trap, store and bend light.

The research appears in this week's issue of the journal Science.

"We used the method to make a seven-nanoshell structure that creates a particular type of interference pattern called a Fano resonance," said study co-author Peter Nordlander, professor of physics and astronomy at Rice. "These resonances arise from peculiar light wave interference effects, and they occur only in man-made materials. Because these heptamers are self-assembled, they are relatively easy to make, so this could have significant commercial implications."

Because of the unique nature of Fano resonances, the new materials can trap light, store energy and bend light in bizarre ways that no natural material can. Nordlander said the new materials are ideally suited for making ultrasensitive biological and chemical sensors. He said they may also be useful in nanolasers and potentially in integrated photonic circuits that run off of light rather than electricity.

The research team was led by Harvard University applied physicist Federico Capasso and also included nanoshell inventor Naomi Halas, Rice's Stanley C. Moore Professor in Electrical and Computer Engineering and professor of physics, chemistry and biomedical engineering.

Nordlander, the world's leading theorist on nanoparticle plasmonics, had predicted in 2008 that a heptamer of nanoshells would produce Fano resonances. That paper spurred Capasso's efforts to fabricate the structure, Nordlander said.

The new self-assembly method developed by Capasso's team was also used to make magnetic three-nanoshell "trimers." The optical properties of these are described in the Science paper, which also discusses how the self-assembly method could be used to build even more complex 3-D structures.

Nanoshells, the building blocks that were used in the new study, are about 20 times smaller than red blood cells. In form, they resemble malted milk balls, but they are coated with gold instead of chocolate, and their center is a sphere of glass. By varying the size of the glass center and the thickness of the gold shell, Halas can create nanoshells that interact with specific wavelengths of light.

"Nanoshells were already among the most versatile of all plasmonic nanoparticles, and this new self-assembly method for complex 2-D and 3-D structures simply adds to that," said Halas, who has helped develop a number of biological applications for nanoshells, including diagnostic applications and a minimally invasive procedure for treating cancer.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Frost & Sullivan Recognizes MIRTEC With the 2009 Award for Automated Optical Inspection Product Innovation of the Year
2. Strained quantum dots show new optical properties
3. Femtomolar optical tweezers may enable sensitive blood tests
4. Breakthrough optical technology to assess colon cancer risk, accuracy
5. European light research opens door for optical storage and computing
6. Findings a step toward making new optical materials
7. Engineers demonstrate a new type of optical tweezer
8. Scrubbing chemical-contaminated buildings clean with lasers
9. Climate change and mountain building led to mammal diversity patterns
10. Homebuilding beyond the abyss
11. Moderate amounts of protein per meal found best for building muscle
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Optical Legos: Building nanoshell structures
(Date:3/31/2016)... March 31, 2016  Genomics firm Nabsys has completed ... Barrett Bready , M.D., who returned to the ... original technical leadership team, including Chief Technology Officer, ... Development, Steve Nurnberg and Vice President of Software and ... company. Dr. Bready served as CEO of ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... PUNE, India , March 22, 2016 ... new market research report "Electronic Sensors Market for ... Fingerprint, Proximity, & Others), Application (Communication & ... and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", ... consumer industry is expected to reach USD ...
(Date:3/18/2016)... --> --> Competitive Landscape Analysis ... Physical infrastructure and Perimeter Surveillance & Detection Systems ... and the continuing migration crisis in the Middle ... led visiongain to publish this unique report, which is crucial ... & security companies in the border security market and the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... England , May 23, 2016 ... May 25 th at 10:15 a.m. ET before the ... the role genetically engineered mosquitos can play in controlling the ... carrier of the Zika virus.      (Logo: ... engineered male mosquito with a self-limiting gene. Trials in ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... RoviSys, a leading independent provider ... Ohio, has broken ground on a new building in Holly Springs, NC. With ... new location solidifies a commitment to business in the region. The new facility ...
(Date:5/22/2016)... , ... May 22, 2016 , ... Doctors in Rome ... combating the asbestos cancer, malignant mesothelioma. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted an article on ... the University of Rome’s Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine evaluated more than ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... Kablooe Design, a leading provider ... announced its official 25th anniversary of the business. “We have worked hard to build ... our customers for the privilege and honor of serving their product design and development ...
Breaking Biology Technology: