Navigation Links
Omega-3s from fish vs. fish oil pills better at maintaining blood pressure in mouse model
Date:3/5/2013

PHILADELPHIA - Omega-3 fatty acids found in oily fish may have diverse health-promoting effects, potentially protecting the immune, nervous, and cardiovascular systems.

But how the health effects of one such fatty acid -- docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) -- works remains unclear, in part because its molecular signaling pathways are only now being understood.

Toshinori Hoshi, PhD, professor of Physiology, at the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, and colleagues showed, in two papers out this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, how fish oils help lower blood pressure via vasodilation at ion channels. In vascular smooth muscle cells, such as those that line blood vessels, ion channels that span the outer membrane of a cell to let such ions as sodium, calcium, and potassium in and out, are critical to maintaining proper vessel pressure.

Omega-3 fatty acids bind directly to a specific group of channels that allow potassium ions to move out, which affects how much voltage is required to open the channel. If omega-3 fatty acids bind to the channel, only a small amount of voltage is needed. This is good for a cell because an open potassium channel means the cell is at rest, and when smooth blood muscle cells are relaxed, blood pressure is at a good level. However, when vessels constrict, blood pressure increases.

The researchers found that DHA rapidly and reversibly activates these channels by increasing currents by up to 20 fold. DHA lowers blood pressure in anesthetized wild type mice but not in mice genetically engineered without a specific ion channel subunit.

In comparison, the team found that a dietary supplement, DHA ethyl ester, found in most fish oil pills fails to activate the same channels, and even antagonizes the positive effect of DHA from natural sources, on the cells. The DHA ethyl ester seems to compete with the natural form of DHA for binding sites on the ion channel.

The team concluded that these channels have receptors for long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, and that DHA -- unlike its ethyl ester cousin -- activate the channels and lower blood pressure.

The findings have practical implications for the use of omega-3 fatty acids as nutraceuticals for the general public and also for critically ill patients who may receive omega-3enriched formulas as part of their nutrition.

Coauthor Michael Bauer from Jena University Hospital in Germany, who studies sepsis in a clinical setting, says the findings may encourage physicians to have a closer look at the specific formulations given to sepsis patients as they may contain either the free omega-3 acid or the ester.

The findings also underscore the importance of obtaining omega-3 fatty acids from natural food sources such as oily fish.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Omega-3s inhibit breast cancer tumor growth, study finds
2. New and revised standards for omega-3s, natural sweeteners and other food ingredients proposed
3. Research, response for future oil spills: Lessons learned from Deepwater Horizon
4. NCEAS researchers offer new ecological model for deep-water oil spills
5. Nanopills release drugs directly from the inside of cells
6. Fat worms inch scientists toward better biofuel production
7. University of Alberta researchers bake a better loaf of bread
8. New device better traps viruses, airborne pathogens
9. New study indicates avocado consumption may be associated with better diet quality
10. Better outcome for frozen embryo replacement vs IVF
11. 2 antibodies are better than 1
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Omega-3s from fish vs. fish oil pills better at maintaining blood pressure in mouse model
(Date:4/19/2017)... ALBANY, New York , April 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... highly competitive, as its vendor landscape is marked by ... in the market is however held by five major ... and Safran. Together these companies accounted for nearly 61% ... majority of the leading companies in the global military ...
(Date:4/17/2017)... 17, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... filing of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K on Thursday ... ... available in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s website at ... website at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year Highlights: ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... According to a new market research report "Consumer IAM Market ... Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, and Region - Global Forecast ... from USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 to USD 31.75 Billion by 2022, ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/21/2017)... , ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... related applications were the focus of researchers, engineers, product developers, and industry suppliers ... Anaheim. , Sponsored by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... to nourishing a range of emerging bio and technology start-ups, is hosting “Celebration ... 2017. This double event will start with libations and networking at 3:30 p.m. ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... ... April 20, 2017 , ... ... this new webinar will explore challenging patient cases when screening for direct oral ... there may be a need for bridging parental anticoagulation especially for those at ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... INDIANAPOLIS , April 20, 2017  Eli Lilly ... Phase 2 data evaluating galcanezumab for the prevention of ... meeting, which will take place April 22-28, 2017, in ... will present four abstracts at AAN, including safety and ... and factors associated with a reduction in monthly migraine ...
Breaking Biology Technology: