Navigation Links
Old drug may point the way to new treatments for diabetes and obesity
Date:2/10/2013

ANN ARBOR Researchers at the University of Michigan's Life Sciences Institute have found that amlexanox, an off-patent drug currently prescribed for the treatment of asthma and other uses, also reverses obesity, diabetes and fatty liver in mice.

The findings from the lab of Alan Saltiel, the Mary Sue Coleman director of the Life Sciences Institute, are scheduled to be published online Feb. 10 in the journal Nature Medicine.

"One of the reasons that diets are so ineffective in producing weight loss for some people is that their bodies adjust to the reduced calories by also reducing their metabolism, so that they are 'defending' their body weight," Saltiel said. "Amlexanox seems to tweak the metabolic response to excessive calorie storage in mice."

Different formulations of amlexanox are currently prescribed to treat asthma in Japan and canker sores in the United States. Saltiel is teaming up with clinical-trial specialists at U-M to test whether amlexanox will be useful for treating obesity and diabetes in humans. He is also working with medicinal chemists at U-M to develop a new compound based on the drug that optimizes its formula.

The study appears to confirm and extend the notion that the genes IKKE and TBK1 play a crucial role for maintaining metabolic balance, a discovery published by the Saltiel lab in 2009 in the journal Cell.

"Amlexanox appears to work in mice by inhibiting two genesIKKE and TBK1that we think together act as a sort of brake on metabolism," Saltiel said. "By releasing the brake, amlexanox seems to free the metabolic system to burn more, and possibly store less, energy."

Using high-throughput chemical screening at LSI's Center for Chemical Genomics to search for compounds that inhibit IKKE and TBK1, the researchers hit upon an approved off-patent drug: amlexanox. They then demonstrated that amlexanox had profound beneficial effects in both genetic and dietary-induced obese mice. The chemical lowered the weight of obese mice and reversed related metabolic problems such as diabetes and fatty liver.

"These studies tell us that, at least in mice, the IKKE/TBK1 pathway plays an important role in defending body weight by increasing storage and decreasing burning of calories, and that by inhibiting that pathway with a compound, we can increase metabolism and induce weight loss, reverse diabetes and reduce fatty liver," Saltiel said.

The drug has been on the market in Japan for more than 25 years.

However, the researchers don't yet know if humans respond with the same pathway, or if the discovery of amlexanox's effectiveness in mice can lead to a compound that is safe and effective for treating obesity and diabetes in humans.

"We will be working hard on that," Saltiel said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Laura J. Williams
laurajw@umich.edu
734-615-4862
University of Michigan
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Bluemetal Architects appoints David Le Penske as Vice President of Health & Life Sciences
2. Summit of osteoporosis experts from CIS countries issue 5-point call for action
3. Scientists pinpoint molecular signals that make some women prone to miscarriage
4. Serendipity points to new potential target and therapy for melanoma
5. Research pinpoints key gene for regenerating cells after heart attack
6. Fish ear bones point to climate impacts
7. Protein injection points to muscular dystrophy treatment
8. University of Maryland School of Medicine, NIH study pinpoints brain areas role in learning
9. New study to examine ecological tipping points in hopes of preventing them
10. Fossil study helps pinpoint extinction risks for ocean animals
11. Remarkable enzyme points the way to reducing nitric acid use in industry
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/15/2016)... 15, 2016 Yissum Research Development Company ... company of the Hebrew University, announced today the formation ... technology of various human biological indicators. Neteera Technologies has ... from private investors. ... detection of electromagnetic emissions from sweat ducts, enables reliable ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... March 14, 2016 http://www.apimages.com ... --> - Renvoi : image disponible via ... --> --> DERMALOG, le ... de nouveaux lecteurs d,empreintes digitales pour l,enregistrement des ... sera utilisé pour produire des cartes d,identité aux ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... India , March 11, 2016 ... a new market research report "Image Recognition Market by ... Application (Marketing and Advertising), by Deployment Type (On-Premises and ... Forecast To 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market ... 2015 to USD 29.98 Billion by 2020, at a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... NEW YORK , May 2, 2016 ... company announces that its technology partner Mannin Research Inc. ... and Ophthalmology (ARVO), which takes place from May 1-5, ... Research executives will be meeting with its vendors and ... further explore business development goals and other collaborative opportunities ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 30, 2016 , ... The MIT bioLogic design ... the bioLogic team explored how bacterial properties can be applied to fabric and formed ... bacteria, which move in response to humidity change. The team harvested Natto cells and ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... the necessary fundamentals to transform technology into a viable company, CereScan’s CEO, John ... Mr. Kelley, a recognized leader and mentor in the Denver area business ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016 The report "Cryocooler Market ... Service (Technical Support, Product Repairs & Refurbishment, Preventive Maintenance, ... to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is ... at a CAGR of 7.29% between 2016 and 2022. ... 94 Figures spread through 159 Pages and in-depth TOC ...
Breaking Biology Technology: