Navigation Links
Ocean acidification: Hard to digest
Date:11/15/2013

15.11.2013/Gteborg, Kiel, Bremerhaven. Ocean acidification impairs digestion in marine organisms, according to a new study published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Researchers from Sweden and Germany have studied the larval stage of green sea urchins Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. The results show that the animals have problems digesting food in acidified water.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions do not only affect the climate but also our seas and oceans. One-quarter of all CO2 released into the atmosphere is absorbed by the oceans. Once there, the CO2 is converted to carbonic acid, making the water more acidic. Previous studies showed that marine species and ecosystems can suffer in an acidified environment. Although the reason for the sensitivity was seen in physiological processes, mechanisms remained unclear. Scientists from the universities of Gothenburg (GU) and Kiel (CAU), as well as GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel and Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) found that ocean acidification leads to reduced rates of digestion in larvae of the ecologically important green sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. The findings are published in the international journal Nature Climate Change.

Dr. Meike Stumpp, former PhD student at GEOMAR and Kiel University and first author of the study, used novel pH micro-electrode techniques and designed new assay methods during her postdoc at the University of Gothenburg to investigate digestion and digestive enzymes in the larvae. She showed that when larvae are exposed to acidified seawater, the digestion takes longer and is less effective. "My measurements demonstrated a very strong pH dependency", Stumpp explains. "The enzymes in the sea urchins' stomachs are optimized to function at very high pH which is different from the situation in mammals, where stomach pH is acidic and enzymes work best at low pH."
'/>"/>

Contact: Maike Nicolai
mnicolai@geomar.de
49-431-600-2807
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New generation of micro sensors for monitoring ocean acidification
2. Tracking young salmons first moves in the ocean
3. UH among Texas institutions that will lead Ocean Energy Safety Institute
4. Maintaining strength in ocean science requires greater collaboration, coordination, and integration
5. VC predicts the motion of the ocean
6. UCLA report urges new global policy effort to tackle crisis of plastic litter in oceans
7. Redwood trees reveal history of West Coast rain, fog, ocean conditions
8. Researchers quantify toxic ocean conditions during major extinction 93.9 million years ago
9. Study maps human impacts on top ocean predators along US west coast
10. Coral chemicals protect against warming oceans
11. NSF awards grants for deployment of new observing system in the North Atlantic Ocean
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Ocean acidification: Hard to digest
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014  Automation is fundamentally transforming the travel ... at international borders. Over the past decade, ePassports, ... veteran travelers to self process through border control ... at an increasing number of airports, seaports, and ... According to Maxine Most , Principal at ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... WINSTON SALEM, N.C. , Dec. 10, 2014  That ... known for quite a while. Hypertension – the medical term ... disease in the early 1800s, and the inflatable cuff that,s ... That doesn,t, however, mean there,s nothing new about hypertension, ... punctured some long-held beliefs about the condition and the best ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... N.C. , Dec. 9, 2014  Wake Forest Baptist ... education building for its School of Medicine. Funding for ... larger capital campaign that will be publicly launched next ... be located in the former 60 series R.J. Reynolds ... Innovation Quarter. Construction will begin immediately with plans to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Automated Border Control (ABC) Transforms the Global Travel Experience With More Than 2500 ABC eGates and APC Kiosks Deployed In Airports, Seaports, and Land Borders Worldwide 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 3Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 4Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4
... children with cerebral palsy is crucial to improve ... in sitting balance between children with cerebral palsy ... balance between children with diplegic and hemiplegic cerebral ... Laboratory of Human Motor Control, Faculty of Health ...
... batteries to flat-screen televisions, rely on materials known as rare ... are reporting development of a new method to recycle them ... in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces , ... industry. Zhang Lin and colleagues point out that ...
... the change of the seasons. After a winter pause, plants ... a new correlation to light: The colder the winter, the ... can be expected as the climate changes, the spring development ... giving an advantage to shrubs and invasive trees that ...
Cached Biology News:Recycling valuable materials used in TVs, car batteries, cell phones 2Warm winters let trees sleep longer 2
(Date:12/17/2014)... (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 Gene ... that it has entered into a technology access ... (ADM) to apply DNA2.0’s proprietary protein engineering technology, ... process. , “We are extremely excited that the ... platform. This proprietary bioengineering technology has now ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , Dec. 17, ... positive results of a Phase 2 study evaluating ... for the treatment of patients with severe, chronic ... the current standard of care, including topical steroids ... endpoint was percent change in Visual Analog Scale ...
(Date:12/15/2014)...  GlassesOff Inc. (OTCBB: GLSO) announced today the appointment ... director of the Company,s Board of Directors. ... its CEO until its acquisition by Stanley Black ... Recognized as the inventor of the first Wi-Fi-based Active ... -based RFID solutions focused on improving operational efficiency, safety ...
(Date:12/13/2014)... (PRWEB) December 12, 2014 Clarassance, a ... announced its new name: Therabron Therapeutics , Inc. ... and bronchioles (a type of structure in the lungs ... company’s mission to develop novel protein therapeutics for the ... directors decided to change the name to mark the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ADM and DNA2.0 Enter Into Protein Engineering Technology Access and Service Agreement 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 3Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 4AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 2AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 3Maryland-based Biotech Company's Path Forward in Treating Respiratory Diseases Sparks Name Change 2
... Health-focused social networks,blogs, wikis and community sites ... can be their biggest opportunities. A marketing,executive ... increasing,importance of reputation monitoring and management in ... Generated Content and Enhancing its Impact,on Your ...
... EASTON, Mass., Dec. 11 Pressure BioSciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... Omni International ("Omni") today announced that they have entered ... Under the terms of the Agreement, the companies will: ... competitive information; (2) co-promote certain products at industry trade ...
... adults may be familiar with the,tetanus and diphtheria booster ... a booster shot that protects adolescents and adults from,whooping ... Listen to this report from ... Registered journalists can access video, audio, text, ...
Cached Biology Technology:Exclusive Conference on Managing Your Online Brand: Shaping the Noise from the Blogosphere 2Pressure BioSciences, Inc. and Omni International Announce Marketing, Distribution, and Technology Development Agreement 2Pressure BioSciences, Inc. and Omni International Announce Marketing, Distribution, and Technology Development Agreement 3Pressure BioSciences, Inc. and Omni International Announce Marketing, Distribution, and Technology Development Agreement 4Pressure BioSciences, Inc. and Omni International Announce Marketing, Distribution, and Technology Development Agreement 5
... Microarrays designed for DNA aptamer screening and ... and powerful Paraflo microfluidic on-chip synthesis platform. ... our comprehensive DNA/RNA Aptamer Microarray Service. ... Aptamer Microarray contains greater than 1500 known ...
... Microarrays designed for DNA aptamer screening and ... and powerful Paraflo microfluidic on-chip synthesis platform. ... synthesized on-chip and LC Sciences can provide ... are available as part of our comprehensive ...
... glutathione-S-transferase (GST) is commonly used as a ... coli (1). The GSTTag sequence has been ... some cases the solubility of its fusion ... folded form, GSTTag fusion proteins can be ...
... for the use of small interfering RNA ... the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway have generated ... biology fields. siRNA for experimental use can ... enzymatically, and then transfected into the target ...
Biology Products: