Navigation Links
OU research team finds a common bioindicator resistant to insecticides
Date:10/28/2013

In a novel study, a University of Oklahoma researcher and collaborators found a common bioindicator, Hyalella azteca, used to test the toxicity of water or sediment was resistant to insecticides used in agricultural areas of central California. The study is the first to demonstrate that the indicator species may adapt to polluted conditions of a habitat and become an entirely unreliable source of information about ecosystem health.

Gary Wellborn, professor of biology in the OU College of Arts and Sciences and director of the Oklahoma Biological Station; Donald P. Weston, University of California, Berkeley; and Helen C. Poyton, University of Massachusetts, Boston; tested cultures in the laboratory and water samples from California lakes, ponds and streams. The Hyalella amphipods are aquatic crustaceans commonly used by scientists and agencies as an indicator species of a healthy, unpolluted environment.

"Our study documented the specific genetic changes that allow the amphipods to survive at 500-times the normal lethal dose of the pesticide," says Wellborn. "The results have far-reaching implications for biomonitoring programs that rely on H. azteca as a bioindicator. H. azteca, a species common across North America, may prove to be an unreliable indicator in other agricultural states where biomonitoring programs use H. azteca as a principal species for monitoring and environmental policy decisions."

Insecticides for agricultural crops are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency, but runoff during rains can enter a lake, pond or stream and contaminate a non-target species, like H. azteca. The evolution of H. azteca in this study occurred when the species mutated and adapted to the widely used pyrethroid insecticidesa principle known as adaptive evolution. As reported in this study, the resistant H. azteca was no longer reliable as a bioindicator when used to test the toxicity of water and sediment.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Dr. Avrum Spira receives award for advancing research on tobacco smokes effect on lungs
2. Researchers discover how cancer invisibility cloak works
3. Oregon researchers say supplement cuts muscle loss in knee replacements
4. BUSM researchers identify molecule that could aid lung cancer detection, treatment
5. USC researcher reveals how to better master stem cells fate
6. Researchers identify gene variant that raises risk for colorectal cancer from eating processed meat
7. Johns Hopkins And Belgian research center to expand health care applications for silicon nanotech
8. USC researcher learns how to break a sweat
9. Researchers show how plants tell the time
10. Berkeley Lab researchers get a detailed look at a DNA repair protein in action
11. Researchers capture images of open channel that moves proteins across cell membranes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2016 The report "Biometric Vehicle ... Technology (Iris Recognition System), Vehicle Type (Passenger Car, ... to 2021", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is ... and is projected to grow to USD 854.8 ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160303/792302) ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , Nov. 30, 2016  higi SH ... new partnership initiative targeting national brands, industry thought-leaders ... reward their respective audiences for taking steps to ... its inception in 2012, higi has built the ... impacting over 38 million people who have conducted ...
(Date:11/29/2016)... CANNES, France , November 29, 2016 Nearly ... Continue Reading ... ... System is part of an efficient Identity Management. (PRNewsFoto/DERMALOG Identification Systems) ... DERMALOG is Germany's largest Multi-Biometric ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... ... ... leader uBiome is opening applications to an early access program for SmartBiome ... of metagenomic deep-sequencing with the simultaneous specific enrichment and detection of hundreds ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... - SQI Diagnostics Inc. ("SQI" or the "Company") (TSX-V: SQD; OTCQX: SQIDF), today ... fiscal year ended September 30, 2016. ... , , SQI ... company that develops and commercializes proprietary technologies and products for advanced ... revenues of $1.4 million more than tripling prior years revenue. ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... ... Discovering new clues to natural treatments that could allow our bodies to ... And searching for keys to our immune systems by studying parasite-resistant fish. These are ... Edith and Peter O’Donnell Awards by The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... December 06, 2016 , ... ... Point Partners ("GPP") portfolio company, today announced it has acquired the assets ... subsidiary of Chiltern International and focuses on clinical trial drug packaging, labeling, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: