San Antonio, TX March 4, 2009 The incidence of pneumothorax (PTX), or collapsed lung, among dogs and cats with blunt and penetrating trauma has been reported to range from 13 50 percent, with mortality rates ranging from 10 18 percent. In people, PTX is reported to be the most preventable cause of death in trauma patients.
Thoracic ultrasound has been infrequently used as a non-invasive, point-of-care imaging technique to detect PTX and other thoracic injuries in veterinary trauma patients. A study recently published in the Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care developed a new thoracic ultrasound examination called TFAST (Thoracic Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma) to diagnose PTX and other related injury in dogs. TFAST proved to be a highly accurate method for detecting PTX and other thoracic injuries, similar to findings in human clinical research.
Findings from this veterinary study were presented at the American College of Surgeons annual meeting last October by world-renowned physician, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, a leading specialist in human trauma care. Dr. Kirkpatrick cited the article for exceptionally clear descriptions of the methodology and physiology that can be of concurrent importance to human surgeons. He stated: "This is a wonderful paper that evaluates an incredibly useful bedside technique that empowers the physical examination in a good sized cohort of animals with very good results. It is wonderful to see this technique come back to the veterinary world, as the very first description of using ultrasound for these purposes was in horses more than 20 years ago. Additionally, the absolutely beautiful figures accompanying the study are very illustrative and set a standard for all."
Researchers led by veterinarian, Dr. Gregory R. Lisciandro, a specialist in veterinary emergency and critical care, evaluated 145 dogs within 24 hours of their injury which included automobile accidents a
|Contact: Amy Molnar|