Navigation Links
Novel protein essential for successful pregnancy
Date:5/28/2010

Researchers at Yale School of Medicine and their colleagues at the Society for the Investigation of Early Pregnancy have helped clarify the function of a unique protein called Preimplantation Factor, which is produced by healthy embryos to direct embryo attachment and help the mother adapt to pregnancy.

These findings are published fast track for the benefit of the scientific community in the current issue of American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. They were first presented orally in February at the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine Scientific Meetings in Chicago by lead author Michael J. Paidas, M.D., associate professor and co-director of the Yale Women and Children's Center for Blood Disorders.

The research showed that Preimplantation Factor modulates maternal immunity, promotes attachment of the early embryo, and influences remodeling of uterine cells.

"Preimplantation Factor appears to be essential for pregnancy to succeed," said Paidas. "For several decades, investigators have tried to isolate a compound that was absolutely required for pregnancy. We believe that Preimplantation Factor is in fact that compound."

Paidas and his colleagues conducted a genomic and proteomic study of both non-pregnant and pregnant uterine stromal cells, which are positioned directly beneath the uterine lining (epithelium). When these cells in culture were exposed to Preimplantation Factor, over 500 maternal genes and several proteins were significantly altered. Interestingly, Paidas said, profound changes were detected precisely in those pathways and networks critical for implantation.

Preimplantation Factor was discovered by co-author Eytan R. Barnea, M.D., founder of the Society for the Investigation of Early Pregnancy and clinical associate professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproduction, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. Barnea eventually synthesized Preimplantation Factor so that the replicated form is identical to the native compound.

Studies are ongoing to establish Preimplantation Factor as a diagnostic test for pregnancy viability, not only in humans but in animals as well, since it appears to be universally present in mammals. Paidas said that there is even greater interest in the potential therapeutic applications, both in pregnancy and in other conditions such as autoimmune disease and transplantation. Preclinical studies are being conducted to pave the way for eventual human clinical trials.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. MGH researchers describe new way to identify, evolve novel enzymes
2. Muscle mass: Scientists identify novel mode of transcriptional regulation during myogenesis
3. Novel 3-D cell culture model shows selective tumor uptake of nanoparticles
4. IdentiPHI Re Launches SAFmodule Software to Secure Novell(R) Networks
5. IdentiPHI Re Launches SAFmodule Software to Secure Novell(R) Networks
6. 454 Sequencing: Science paper describes a novel, highly efficient method of sequencing ancient DNA
7. Scientists discover novel way to remove iron from ferritin
8. Identification of a novel class of (not-so) small RNAs
9. A novel way found to prevent protein plaques implicated in Alzheimers
10. Sirtris unveils promising, novel SIRT1 activators for treating diseases of aging
11. Feinstein researchers develop new genetic method and identify novel genes for schizophrenia
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/16/2016)... , Nov. 16, 2016 Sensory Inc ... and security for consumer electronics, and VeriTran ... and retail industry, today announced a global partnership ... way to authenticate users of mobile banking and ... TrulySecure™ software which requires no specialized biometric ...
(Date:11/14/2016)... , Nov. 14, 2016  Based on ... market, Frost & Sullivan recognizes FST Biometrics ... Award for Visionary Innovation Leadership. FST Biometrics ... biometric identification market by pioneering In Motion ... for instant, seamless, and non-invasive verification. This ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... -- On Monday, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) ... for the Biometric Exit Program. The Request for Information ... explains that CBP intends to add biometrics to confirm ... States , in order to deter visa overstays, ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160622/382209LOGO ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... KBioBox llc announced today the ... KbioBox developed a sophisticated “3 click” gene dditing off target analysis program and ... website, https://www.kbiobox.com/ and powered by the company’s proprietary BioEngine. Scientists, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Ames, Iowa (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... of asynchronous approvals for biotech crops. The authors focus on the economic effects in ... the global approval of new biotech crops and the resultant risk of low level ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016  HedgePath Pharmaceuticals, ... that discovers, develops and plans to commercialize innovative ... shares of common stock were approved for trading ... begin trading on the OTCQX, effective today, under ... for the OTCQX market, companies must meet high ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... to fuel Philadelphia,s innovative digital ... Southeastern Pennsylvania (" Ben Franklin "); Independence ... Cross; and Safeguard Scientifics ("Safeguard") (NYSE: SFE ... funding initiative over a four year period to grow ... burgeoning economic vitality in digital health, Ben Franklin ...
Breaking Biology Technology: