Navigation Links
Novel enzyme from tiny gribble could prove a boon for biofuels research
Date:6/18/2013

Researchers from the United Kingdom, the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and the University of Kentucky have recently published a paper describing a novel cellulose-degrading enzyme from a marine wood borer Limnoria quadripunctata, commonly known as the gribble.

Gribbles are biologically intriguing because they exhibit a relatively unique ability to produce their own enzymes instead of using symbiotic microbes to break down the biomass they eat. New biomass-degrading enzymes from novel sources such as the gribble may prove beneficial to the biofuels industry.

Gribbles are 1-3 millimeters in length, but collectively they bore through wood quickly, and are responsible for significant natural and man-made marine timber damage around the world. Scientists at Universities of Portsmouth and York in the United Kingdom and the University of Kentucky in the United States, with researchers from NREL, are hoping to turn that special talent into a source of novel enzymes for the biofuels industry.

A paper describing the crystal structure of a key enzyme produced by the gribble appears online in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2013/05/31/1301502110.short

Gribbles live in inter-tidal zones and, similar to termites, they burrow into wood. Gribbles, unlike termites or many other animals including people, do not rely on gut bacteria to make enzymes to aid their digestion. Gribbles instead exhibit a sterile gut, and secrete their own enzymes into their guts made in a special organ termed the heptopancreas that runs the entire length of their body.

Interestingly, several of the enzymes produced by gribbles are in the same important enzyme classes that are typically harvested from fungi in the biosphere for industrial
'/>"/>

Contact: David Glickson
david.glickson@nrel.gov
303-275-4097
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Novel biomarkers improve diagnosis in rheumatoid arthritis
2. Patent awarded today to NJIT for novel use of water jets to create high tensile strength alloy parts
3. U of M researchers find novel gene correction model for epidermolysis bullosa
4. University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers find potential novel treatment for influenza
5. Novel screening tests for liver cancer
6. BUSM study reveals novel mechanism by which UVA contributes to photoaging of skin
7. Novel therapeutic approaches to cure chronic HBV infection
8. Development of novel therapies for endothelial damage may heal atherosclerotic plaques
9. Middle-schoolers discover novel chemical bond
10. A novel surface marker helps scientists fish out mammary gland stem cells
11. BUSM researchers identify novel approach to study COPD and treatment efficacy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/31/2015)... , July 31, 2015 The 10 th ... be held by BGI from October 22-25, 2015, in ... The conference is celebrating its 10 th anniversary this ... of the world,s most influential annual meetings in the ,omics, ... enjoyable scientific gatherings. ICG-10 focuses on recent ...
(Date:7/23/2015)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/rzzp3v/global_outlook_of ) ... Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 " ... global biometrics market is likely to witness significant ... to the uptake of multiple technologies available. The ... the growth of biometrics in existing applications as ...
(Date:7/13/2015)... , July 13, 2015 Synaptics ... of human interface solutions, today announced sampling of ... and display driver integration (TDDI) product targeting smartphones ... first to combine Synaptics , best-in-class touch ... display driver technology developed in the company,s Japan ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The 10th International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) to Open in October 2Global Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 2Global Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 3Synaptics Announces Sampling of Second Generation TDDI Solutions 2Synaptics Announces Sampling of Second Generation TDDI Solutions 3
... volume of online scientific data, a new style of ... have a direct impact on scientists and clinicians. ... Biology and Faculty of 1000 Medicine, are each launching ... journals, called F1000 Reports, are unlike existing scientific journals ...
... wide-open spaces of the Flint Hills may no longer ... familiar grassland birds, according to research by a Kansas ... found that three bird species common to the Flint ... population decline in the face of extensive land-management practices ...
... epidemiological study of men and post-menopausal women primarily over ... associated with greater bone mineral density (BMD). Researchers at ... Aging (USDA HNRCA) at Tufts University found associations were ... significantly lower in men drinking more than two servings ...
Cached Biology News:World's experts identify the hottest trends in biology and medicine 2Birds in Flint Hills of Kansas, Oklahoma face population decline despite large habitat 2Birds in Flint Hills of Kansas, Oklahoma face population decline despite large habitat 3Moderate alcohol intake associated with bone protection 2Moderate alcohol intake associated with bone protection 3
(Date:8/3/2015)...  Halozyme Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: HALO ) will ... quarter 2015 on Monday, August 10, 2015 at 4:30 ... president and chief executive officer, will lead the call. ... results for the second quarter 2015. The ... of Halozyme,s corporate website and a recording will be ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... 2015  ArroGen Group, an integrated advanced forensic ... Identification™ (FMID) technology Aug. 2-8 at the International ... Sacramento, Calif. FMID, a ... enforcement agents, district attorneys and government agencies to ... By analyzing chemical residues on fingerprints taken ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... At the 11th hour, London,s ... of Jude Liversage,s campaign so the seven-year-old ...      (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150803/254228 ) ... The Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy (SDR) procedure reduced the spasticity ... wish to kick a ball around like his schoolmates. ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... Ga. , Aug. 3, 2015  MiMedx Group, ... company utilizing human amniotic tissue and patent-protected processes to ... Wound Care, Surgical, Orthopedic, Spine, Sports Medicine, Ophthalmic and ... present at the 35 th Annual Canaccord|Genuity Growth ... H. "Pete" Petit, Chairman and CEO, William C. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Halozyme to Host Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results Conference Call 2ArroGen Previews New Fingerprint Molecular Identification Technology 2Cerebral Palsy Operation by The Portland Hospital Allows a Boy to Stand Properly for the First Time 2Cerebral Palsy Operation by The Portland Hospital Allows a Boy to Stand Properly for the First Time 3MiMedx To Present At 35th Annual Canaccord|Genuity Growth Conference 2
... /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - YM BioSciences Inc. (NYSE Amex: YMI, ... York), a licensee of several small molecule compounds ... of Health (NIH) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) ... Phase I awards to develop novel treatments for ...
... a bad rap for contributing to hypertension and cardiovascular disease. ... Sciences have discovered that sodium also plays a key role ... Tufts scientists have found a way to regenerate injured spinal ... an influx of sodium ions into injured cells. ...
... and global contributions to clean water and environmental causes, ... to invention and the pursuit of discovery, Professor Xiaoguang ... Stevens Institute of Technology at the university,s annual Convocation ... professor in the Charles V. Schaefer, Jr. School of ...
Cached Biology Technology:YM BioSciences licensee Pulmokine awarded NIH funding to develop small molecule drugs for pulmonary hypertension 2YM BioSciences licensee Pulmokine awarded NIH funding to develop small molecule drugs for pulmonary hypertension 3Sodium plays key role in tissue regeneration 2Sodium plays key role in tissue regeneration 3Xiaoguang Meng receives honorary master of engineering from Stevens 2Xiaoguang Meng receives honorary master of engineering from Stevens 3
... Complete Solution Polymorphic DNA ... We provide a complete solution for SNP ... assay design, oligonucleotide primers, PCR amplification, DNA ... For SNP discovery, Polymorphic uses ...
... mini ReadySub-Cell GT cell and PowerPac basic power ... of nucleic acids in agarose gels. The mini ... cables and electrodes, and leveling bubble. The PowerPac ... output of 10-300 V, 4-400 mA, and 75 ...
... CE-based system provides clear advantages over ... load, gene expression), mutation analysis, and ... system with microplate connectivity is ideal ... quality control. The P/ACE Series ...
The imaging screen-K (Kodak), tritium, is a 20 x 25 cm storage phosphor screen that is used for the quantitation and imaging of 32P, 33P, 35S, 14C, and 3H....
Biology Products: