More than a thousand new species nearly one-quarter of which are new to science have been discovered in Norway since a unique effort to find and name all of the country's species began in 2009.
The Norwegian Taxonomy Initiative is one of just two government efforts worldwide where scientists are being funded to find and catalogue the country's true species diversity.
The Norwegian initiative is focused on describing poorly known species groups across the country's varied habitats, from its alpine plateaus to the northernmost reaches of the island archipelago of Spitsbergen.
The 1165 species discovered range from new species of insects and lichens to new species of molluscs and cold-water sponges. The information gives scientists and policymakers a better platform for understanding of the complexity and function of Norway's ecosystems.
"These are very good results that provide new knowledge of both individual species and ecosystems," says Ivar Myklebust, director of the Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre, which is coordinating the taxonomy initiative on commission from the Norwegian Ministry of the Environment.
Scientists believe that there are roughly 55 000 species in Norway, but until now only 41 000 have been discovered. The 1165 new species discovered by the taxonomy initiative over the last four years are thus an important addition to this number. However, it will take time before the species that are thought to be new to science can be added to this list. These newly discovered species must first be given a scientific name and a description of the species must be published in a scientific publication.
"Norway's land, seas and coastal areas have a unique variety of landscapes and
ecosystems with great variation over short distances, which is rare in a global
context," said Tine Sundtoft, Norway's Minister of Climate and the Environment.
"This gives us a rich and varied flora and f
|Contact: Ivar Myklebust|
Norwegian University of Science and Technology