Navigation Links
No such thing as a free lunch for Venus flytraps
Date:8/3/2010

Charles Darwin described the Venus Flytrap as 'one of the most wonderful plants in the world.' It's also one of the fastest as many an unfortunate insect taking a stroll across a leaf has discovered. But what powers this speed? Dr Andrej Pavlovič of Comenius University, Slovakia, has been studying the plants with the help of some specialised equipment and a few unlucky insects.

In the wild the Venus Flytrap grows in the bogs and savannahs of North and South Carolina. This is not a healthy environment for many plants as it is low in the nitrogen to needed to build proteins. The Venus Flytrap has overcome this problem by developing a taste for meat. It has convex bi-lobed leaves with three trigger hairs on each lobe. When something knocks these hairs twice an electrical signal flips the leaves into concave shapes. If the captured creature struggles to escape it continues to tickle the trigger hairs. This causes the plant's trap to close tighter and release enzymes to digest its prey.

Pavlovič looked at how the Flytraps snapped their leaves around their prey and thought that it might cost the plant energy to catch its food this way. To test his idea, he set up an infrared gas analyzer and a chlorophyll fluorescence imaging camera to watch the plants. He used a wire to make a trap snap and then simulated an insect struggling in the closed trap. Then he watched what happened as the plant caught its victim.

Pavlovič said: "When a trap was triggered, photosynthesis slowed down and then recovered over ten minutes after the traps stopped being stimulated. In addition, the gas analyser showed an increase in respiration from the traps. To power the trap, the Venus Flytraps converted sugars they had photosynthesized back into carbon dioxide and energy. It is like an animal which also increases breathing when it has an increased demand for energy. The measurements showed that the effects are linked not to whether or not the trap is open, but to the stimulation of the trigger hairs. The measurements are connected with electrical signals produced by trigger hair irritation. These signals are similar to the signals which spread through the animal neurons."

The results mean that the plants should not been seen as entirely passive. Pavlovič added: "These results show that the plant is as active as it appears and that it has adapted to trade-off the costs of lost photosynthesis against the benefits of additional nutrients from animal prey which in turn may later stimulate photosynthesis. This agrees with my earlier studies on carnivorous plants and shows why Venus Flytraps live in sunny habitats. The energy used in eating insects means that they need a lot of opportunity for photosynthesis, otherwise they lose more than they gain."

It also suggests an answer to a question posed by Darwin over a century ago. Pavlovič noticed that when the traps closed there were gaps between the 'teeth' at the edge of the trap that a small creature could escape through. He said: "This could be an adaptive trait. Victims with little useful nitrogen can escape, ensuring the plant doesn't waste energy digesting them. The Venus Flytrap is not a merciless killer."


'/>"/>

Contact: Alun Salt
annalsbotany@le.ac.uk
44-116-252-3396
Oxford University Press
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Undergrad engineers research everything from water quality to wildfires this summer
2. Plant breathing mechanism discovered
3. New link between pollution, temperature and sleep-disordered breathing
4. Compression clothing and athletic performance -- functional or fad?
5. Organic solids in soil may speed up bacterial breathing
6. 4-D software helps adjust for breathing when treating lung cancer with radiotherapy
7. Research concludes there is no simple theory of everything inside the enigmatic E8
8. African bird discovery proves there is something new under the sun
9. LSU gets to the bottom of things -- in Antarctica
10. Explore the science of familiar things -- and discover the Joy of Chemistry
11. Too much of a good thing? Scientists explain cellular effects of vitamin A overdose and deficiency
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/5/2017)... 2017 Today HYPR Corp. , leading ... component of the HYPR platform is officially FIDO® ... security architecture that empowers biometric authentication across Fortune 500 ... secured over 15 million users across the financial services ... home product suites and physical access represent a growing ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... April 4, 2017   EyeLock LLC , a ... the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has ... the linking of an iris image with a face ... represents the company,s 45 th issued patent. ... very timely given the multi-modal biometric capabilities that have ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... 30, 2017  On April 6-7, 2017, Sequencing.com will ... hackathon at Microsoft,s headquarters in ... focus on developing health and wellness apps that provide ... the Genome is the first hackathon for personal ... largest companies in the genomics, tech and health industries ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... July 20, 2017 , ... The Arnold and Mabel ... Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, ... award recognizes an individual who has made and is continuing to make significant ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... July 20, 2017 , ... ... digital pathology and artificial intelligence Tuesday, July 25, during the Association of Pathology ... Johns Hopkins Medicine. , Baras, Associate Director of Pathology Informatics, will present ...
(Date:7/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Sourcing custom glass or quartz parts can be a daunting ... properly execute your job can take many hours of emails, phone calls and on-line ... to showcase the company’s capabilities and core custom categories, and enables you to start ...
(Date:7/18/2017)... ... 18, 2017 , ... Recently recognized by CIO Magazine as ... migration of its flagship cloud-based product Planet Life Cycle – a robust work ... system that merges strategic and financial planning with execution. The solution is leveraged ...
Breaking Biology Technology: