Navigation Links
No entry without protein recycling: RUB researchers discover new coherence in enzyme transport
Date:2/10/2012

The group of Prof. Dr. Ralf Erdmann at the Ruhr-Universitt Bochum (Faculty of Medicine, Department of Systems Biochemistry) discovered a connection of peroxisomal protein import and receptor export. In the Journal of Biological Chemistry, they disclosed that enzymes only get imported into certain cell organelles (peroxisomes) upon coupling of their import to the recycling of their transport protein (receptor).

Multi-functional tool peroxisome

Peroxisomes do not have their own DNA. Thus, all peroxisomal proteins are coded within the nucleus and imported into the peroxisome after their synthesis is completed. The Erdmann lab investigates this process in detail. Peroxisomes contain more than 50 various enzymes in total which e.g. decompose fatty acids and dispose hydrogen peroxide or plasmalogens, the main phospholipid of the white matter of the brain. A disruption of their function does not only cause severe metabolic disorders, it can even lead to death of newborns.

Export signal controls recycling

Dynamic receptors recognize and escort the enzymes destined for the peroxisome to the organelle where they attach to the membrane. Then the receptor-enzyme complex disassembles and the enzyme is transported across the peroxisomal membrane. Afterwards, the receptor is transported from the membrane back to the cytosol. This recycling is controlled by the attachment of the small protein ubiquitin to the receptor, which functions as an export signal.

Modification as a safety barrier

The team of Prof. Dr. Ralf Erdmann studied a certain peroxisomal receptor, which consists of a targeting unit (Pex18p) and an enzyme-binding unit (Pex7p). The scientists discovered that ubiquitin modifies Pex18p in order to enable the receptor to return to the intracellular liquid. Only when the targeting unit of the receptor is exported from the membrane, the import of the cargo-loaded enzyme-binding unit takes place. This result supports the export-driven-import model, previously proposed by the Erdmann group.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Ralf Erdmann
Ralf.Erdmann@rub.de
49-234-322-4943
Ruhr-University Bochum
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Computer order entry systems reduce preventable adverse drug events
2. Entry point for hepatitis C infection identified
3. SIB launches next generation ExPASy, an entry portal to indispensable bioinformatics resources
4. Entry inhibitors show promise as drugs with new MOA for treatment of HBV and HDV infection
5. No-entry zones for AIDS virus
6. Potatoes lower blood pressure in people with obesity and hypertension without increasing weight
7. No future without scarce metals
8. System to deliver organ transplant drug -- without harmful side effects
9. A new method for testing allergenic substances without experimental animals
10. Green routing can cut car emissions without significantly slowing travel time
11. Alternate ending -- living on without telomerase
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/19/2017)... New York , April 19, 2017 ... competitive, as its vendor landscape is marked by the ... the market is however held by five major players ... Safran. Together these companies accounted for nearly 61% of ... of the leading companies in the global military biometrics ...
(Date:4/17/2017)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ... its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K on Thursday April 13, ... ... the Investor Relations section of the Company,s website at http://www.nxt-id.com ... http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year Highlights: ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... -- According to a new market research report "Consumer IAM ... and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, and Region - Global ... grow from USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 to USD 31.75 Billion by ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... RPS ... clinical study that demonstrates the accuracy of the FebriDx® test, a commercially-ready, ... acute bacterial and viral respiratory tract infections by testing the body’s immune ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... President Andi Purple announced Dr. Suneel I. Sheikh, the co-founder, CEO and ... Labs ), Inc. has been selected for membership in ARCS Alumni Hall ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... Proscia ... be hosting a Webinar titled, “Pathology is going digital. Is your lab ready?” ... pathology adoption best practices and how Proscia improves lab economics and realizes an ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... the implantation and pregnancy rates in frozen and fresh in vitro fertilization ... progesterone and maternal age to IVF success. , After comparing the results from ...
Breaking Biology Technology: